Sigatoka Disease Complex of Banana in Brazil: Management Practices and Future Directions

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Brito Silva Darosci, F., Fraaije, B. A. and Miller, R. N. G. 2015. Sigatoka Disease Complex of Banana in Brazil: Management Practices and Future Directions. Outlooks on Pest Management. 26 (2), pp. 78-81.

AuthorsBrito Silva Darosci, F., Fraaije, B. A. and Miller, R. N. G.

Banana (Musa spp.) is one of the world's most important monocotyledonous crops, cultivated in over 100 tropical and subtropical countries. As the world's most consumed fruit, it can represent a source of livelihood in countries of the African continent, where the annual per capita consumption may reach 400 kg. Brazil is responsible for approximately 10% of global production, placing the country behind only India, China, Philippines and Ecuador. Of all the diseases affecting Musa production in Brazil, the largest impact is attributed to M. Fijiensis. Black Sigatoka can depreciate the physical properties of the fruit and cause premature ripening, as well as reduce functional leaf area, the consequence of which is reduced yield, with production losses of up to 100% in susceptible varieties such as M. Acuminate Cavendish Grande Naine (Musa cv. AAA) and Prata (Musa cv. AAB). Black Sigatoka was first reported in 1998 in the Amazon region, with the pathogen subsequently spreading across seven states in the North of the country and Mato Grosso. In 2005, the pathogen was also reported in the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, Sao Paulo, Minas Gerais, Parana and Santa Catarina. Since then, the pathogen has not been officially reported in any new areas, although it remains a threat to the Northeast region of the country. Although M. Fijiensis is regarded as the major constraint to banana production, M. Musicola is more widespread. Observed for the first time in Brazil in 1944 in the Amazon region, the pathogen now occurs in all growing regions, imposing substantial costs to affected growers. Here, losses of up to 50% of production are commonly reported as a result of Yellow Sigatoka. Genetic resistance is absent or partial in the majority of commercial banana cultivars, with the principal measures employed in integrated disease management based on the use of programmed applications of systemic or protectant fungicides.

KeywordsBanana disease complex; Fungicide; Musa; Resistance alleles; Sigatoka disease complex
Year of Publication2015
JournalOutlooks on Pest Management
Journal citation26 (2), pp. 78-81
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeUnderstanding pesticide resistance and developing sustainable crop protection strategies
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online01 Apr 2015
PublisherResearch Information

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