Future change of daily precipitation indices in Japan: a stochastic weather generator-based bootstrap approach to provide probabilistic climate information

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Iizumi, T., Takayabu, I., Dairaku, K., Kusaka, H., Nishimori, M., Sakurai, G., Ishizaki, M. N., Adachi, S. A. and Semenov, M. A. 2012. Future change of daily precipitation indices in Japan: a stochastic weather generator-based bootstrap approach to provide probabilistic climate information. Journal of Geophysical Research. 117, p. D11114.

AuthorsIizumi, T., Takayabu, I., Dairaku, K., Kusaka, H., Nishimori, M., Sakurai, G., Ishizaki, M. N., Adachi, S. A. and Semenov, M. A.
Abstract

This study proposes the stochastic weather generator (WG)-based bootstrap approach to provide the probabilistic climate change information on mean precipitation as well as extremes, which applies a WG (i.e., LARS-WG) to daily precipitation under the present-day and future climate conditions derived from dynamical and statistical downscaling models. Additionally, the study intercompares the precipitation change scenarios derived from the multimodel ensemble for Japan focusing on five precipitation indices (mean precipitation, MEA; number of wet days, FRE; mean precipitation amount per wet day, INT; maximum number of consecutive dry days, CDD; and 90th percentile value of daily precipitation amount in wet days, Q90). Three regional climate models (RCMs: NHRCM, NRAMS and TWRF) are nested into the high-resolution atmosphere-ocean coupled general circulation model (MIROC3.2HI AOGCM) for A1B emission scenario. LARS-WG is validated and used to generate 2000 years of daily precipitation from sets of grid-specific parameters derived from the 20-year simulations from the RCMs and statistical downscaling model (SDM: CDFDM). Then 100 samples of the 20-year of continuous precipitation series are resampled, and mean values of precipitation indices are computed, which represents the randomness inherent in daily precipitation data. Based on these samples, the probabilities of change in the indices and the joint occurrence probability of extremes (CDD and Q90) are computed. High probabilities are found for the increases in heavy precipitation amount in spring and summer and elongated consecutive dry days in winter over Japan in the period 2081-2100, relative to 1981-2000. The joint probability increases in most areas throughout the year, suggesting higher potential risk of droughts and excess water-related disasters (e. g., floods) in a 20 year period in the future. The proposed approach offers more flexible way in estimating probabilities of multiple types of precipitation extremes including their joint probability compared to conventional approaches.

KeywordsMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Year of Publication2012
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Journal citation117, p. D11114
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1029/2011JD017197
Open accessPublished as green open access
FunderResearch Program on Climate Change Adaptation (RECCA program)
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Global Environmental Research Fund
Funder project or codeWheat
Publisher's version
ISSN2169897X
PublisherWiley
Grant IDS-5-3, S-8
23880030

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