Crop model improvement reduces the uncertainty of the response to temperature of multi-model ensembles

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Maiorano, A., Martre, P., Asseng, S., Ewert, F., Muller, C., Rotter, R. P., Ruane, A. C., Semenov, M. A., Wallach, D., Wang, E. L., Alderman, P. D., Kassie, B. T., Biernath, C., Basso, B., Cammaran, D., Challinor, A. J., Doltra, J., Dumont, B., Rezaei, E. E., Gayler, S., Kersebaum, K. C., Kimball, B. A., Koehler, A. K., Liu, B., O'Leary, G. J., Olesen, J. E., Ottman, M. J., Priesack, E., Reynolds, M., Stratonovitch, P., Streck, T., Thorburn, P. J., Waha, K., Wall, G. W., White, J. W., Zhao, Z. G. and Zhu, Y. 2017. Crop model improvement reduces the uncertainty of the response to temperature of multi-model ensembles. Field Crops Research. 202, pp. 5-20.

AuthorsMaiorano, A., Martre, P., Asseng, S., Ewert, F., Muller, C., Rotter, R. P., Ruane, A. C., Semenov, M. A., Wallach, D., Wang, E. L., Alderman, P. D., Kassie, B. T., Biernath, C., Basso, B., Cammaran, D., Challinor, A. J., Doltra, J., Dumont, B., Rezaei, E. E., Gayler, S., Kersebaum, K. C., Kimball, B. A., Koehler, A. K., Liu, B., O'Leary, G. J., Olesen, J. E., Ottman, M. J., Priesack, E., Reynolds, M., Stratonovitch, P., Streck, T., Thorburn, P. J., Waha, K., Wall, G. W., White, J. W., Zhao, Z. G. and Zhu, Y.
Abstract

To improve climate change impact estimates and to quantify their uncertainty, multi-model ensembles (MMES) have been suggested. Model improvements can improve the accuracy of simulations and reduce the uncertainty of climate change impact assessments. Furthermore, they can reduce the number of models needed in a MME. Herein, 15 wheat growth models of a larger MME were improved through re-parameterization and/or incorporating or modifying heat stress effects on phenology, leaf growth and senescence, biomass growth, and grain number and size using detailed field experimental data from the USDA Hot Serial Cereal experiment (calibration data set). Simulation results from before and after model improvement were then evaluated with independent field experiments from a CIMMYT worldwide field trial network (evaluation data set). Model improvements decreased the variation (10th to 90th model ensemble percentile range) of grain yields simulated by the MME on average by 39% in the calibration data set and by 26% in the independent evaluation data set for crops grown in mean seasonal temperatures >24 degrees C. MME mean squared error in simulating grain yield decreased by 37%. A reduction in MME uncertainty range by 27% increased MME prediction skills by 47%. Results suggest that the mean level of variation observed in field experiments and used as a benchmark can be reached with half the number of models in the MME. Improving crop models is therefore important to increase the certainty of model-based impact assessments and allow more practical, i.e. smaller MMES to be used effectively. (C)2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords
Year of Publication2017
JournalField Crops Research
Journal citation202, pp. 5-20
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2016.05.001
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online24 May 2016
Publication process dates
Accepted05 May 2016
Copyright licenseCC BY
PublisherElsevier
Elsevier Science Bv
ISSN0378-4290

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