Designing high-yielding wheat ideotypes for a changing climate

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Semenov, M. A. and Stratonovitch, P. 2013. Designing high-yielding wheat ideotypes for a changing climate. Food and Energy Security. 2 (3), pp. 185-196.

AuthorsSemenov, M. A. and Stratonovitch, P.
Abstract

Global warming is characterized by shifts in weather patterns and increases in climatic variability and extreme events. New wheat cultivars will be required for a rapidly changing environment, putting severe pressure on breeders who must select for climate conditions which can only be predicted with a great degree of uncertainty. To assist breeders to identify key wheat traits for improvements under climate change, wheat ideotypes can be designed and tested in silico using a wheat simulation model for a wide range of future climate scenarios predicted by global climate models. A wheat ideotype is represented by a set of cultivar parameters in a model, which could be optimized for best wheat performance under projected climate change. As an example, high‐yielding wheat ideotypes were designed at two contrasting European sites for the 2050 (A1B) climate scenario. Simulations showed that wheat yield potential can be substantially increased for new ideotypes compared with current wheat varieties under climate change. The main factors contributing to yield increase were improvement in light conversion efficiency, extended duration of grain filling resulting in a higher harvest index, and optimal phenology.

Year of Publication2013
JournalFood and Energy Security
Journal citation2 (3), pp. 185-196
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1002/fes3.34
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeWheat
[20:20 Wheat] Systems approaches to crop improvement
Genetic and physiology of wheat development to flowering: tools to breed to improved adaption and yield potential: ADAPTAWHEAT
Publisher's version
Copyright license
CC BY
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online18 Sep 2013
Publication process dates
Accepted14 Aug 2013
PublisherWiley
ISSN2048-3694

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