Behavioural evidence for detection of the repellent polygodial by aphid antennal tip sensilla

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Powell, G., Hardie, J. and Pickett, J. A. 1995. Behavioural evidence for detection of the repellent polygodial by aphid antennal tip sensilla. Physiological Entomology. 20 (2), pp. 141-146.

AuthorsPowell, G., Hardie, J. and Pickett, J. A.
Abstract

Close-up video was used to record responses of the aphid Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Homoptera: Aphididae) to the plant-derived repellent polygodial. When 0.1% (+/-)-polygodial was painted onto one half of a Chinese cabbage leaf disc, and the other half treated with the ethanol solvent, apterous adult aphids avoided walking onto the polygodial-treated area during 15 min access periods. Similarly, when the rim of a small plastic Petri dish was treated with polygodial, aphids took significantly longer to walk off the base of the dish and onto the rim, compared with insects in solvent-treated control dishes. Analysis of video-recordings indicated that aphids were repelled following contact of antennal tips with the polygodial-treated areas of leaf or plastic. In contrast, aphids with both antennal tips surgically removed showed no apparent response to polygodial treatment of leaf or plastic surfaces. Aphids were placed between polygodial- and solvent-treated angled glass cover slips to enable unilateral presentation of polygodial on either the left or right side of the insects. Most aphids with antennae intact moved away from the polygodial-treated side, but removal of both antennal tips again negated the response. When the tip was removed from only one antenna, and the other remained intact, unilateral presentation caused a repellent response only if polygodial occurred on the same side as the intact antenna. Presentation of polygodial on both sides of aphids (bilaterally) caused no response if both antennal tips were intact or removed, but aphids with only one antennal tip removed were repelled from the side where the antenna remained intact. The results indicate that aphids detect polygodial upon contact with sensilla located on the antennal tips, and that the repellent response occurs as a negative chemotropotaxis following unilateral stimulation of these sensilla. Contact between the antennal tips and glass substrates was demonstrated using a fluorescent pigment.

KeywordsEntomology
Year of Publication1995
JournalPhysiological Entomology
Journal citation20 (2), pp. 141-146
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.1995.tb00810.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code102
905
236
ISSN03076962
PublisherWiley

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