The use of push-pull strategies in integrated pest management

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Cook, S. M., Khan, Z. R. and Pickett, J. A. 2007. The use of push-pull strategies in integrated pest management. Annual Review of Entomology. 52, pp. 375-400.

AuthorsCook, S. M., Khan, Z. R. and Pickett, J. A.

Push-pull strategies involve the behavioral manipulation of insect pests and their natural enemies via the integration of stimuli that act to make the protected resource unattractive or unsuitable to the pests (push) while luring them toward an attractive source (pull) from where the pests are subsequently removed. The push and pull components are generally nontoxic. Therefore, the strategies are usually integrated with methods for population reduction, preferably biological control. Push-pull strategies maximize efficacy of behavior-manipulating stimuli through the additive and synergistic effects of integrating their use. By orchestrating a predictable distribution of pests, efficiency of population-reducing components can also be increased. The strategy is a useful tool for integrated pest management programs reducing pesticide input. We describe the principles of the strategy, list the potential components, and present case studies reviewing work on the development and use of push-pull strategies in each of the major areas of pest control. 

KeywordsRRES175; 175_Ecology; 175_Entomology
Year of Publication2007
JournalAnnual Review of Entomology
Journal citation52, pp. 375-400
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1146/annurev.ento.52.110405.091407
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code509
Publication dates
Online01 Sep 2006
Copyright licensePublisher copyright
PublisherAnnual Reviews

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