Companion cropping to manage parasitic plants

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Pickett, J. A., Hamilton, M. L., Hooper, A. M., Khan, Z. R. and Midega, C. A. O. 2010. Companion cropping to manage parasitic plants. Annual Review of Phytopathology. 48, pp. 161-177.

AuthorsPickett, J. A., Hamilton, M. L., Hooper, A. M., Khan, Z. R. and Midega, C. A. O.
Abstract

Parasitic plants, through a range of infestation strategies, can attack crop plants and thereby require management. Because such problems often occur in resource-poor farming systems, companion cropping to manage parasitic plants is an appropriate approach. Many examples of companion cropping for this purpose have been reported, but the use of cattle forage legumes in the genus Desmodium as intercrops has been shown to be particularly successful in controlling the parasitic witchweeds (Striga spp.) that afflict approximately one quarter of sub-Saharan African cereal production. Through the use of this example, the development of effective companion crops is described, together with developments toward widespread adoption and understanding the underlying mechanisms, both for sustainability and ensuring food security, and also for exploitation beyond the cropping systems described here.

Key Words

Keywordsparasitic plants; Striga; Desmodium; maize; sorghum; rice; millet
Year of Publication2010
JournalAnnual Review of Phytopathology
Journal citation48, pp. 161-177
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1146/annurev-phyto-073009-114433
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or codeCentre for Sustainable Pest and Disease Management (PDM)
Insect chemical ecology: identification and production of chemical signals (semiochemicals)
Insect chemical ecology: understanding the roles and underlying mechanisms of chemical signals (semiochemicals)
Project: 4835
Project: 4923
Publisher's version
Copyright license
Publisher copyright
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Print08 Sep 2010
Online29 Apr 2010
PublisherAnnual Reviews
ISSN0066-4286

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