A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Martinez-Torres, D., Devonshire, A. L. and Williamson, M. S. 1997. Molecular studies of knockdown resistance to pyrethroids: cloning of domain II sodium channel gene sequences from insects. Pesticide Science. 51 (3), pp. 265-270.
|Authors||Martinez-Torres, D., Devonshire, A. L. and Williamson, M. S.|
Knockdown resistance (kdr) is a target-site resistance mechanism that confers nerve insensitivity to DDT and pyrethroid insecticides. In the housefly, Musca domestica, molecular cloning of the para-type sodium channel gene has revealed two amino acid mutations that are associated with kdr and super-kdr resistance phenotypes. Both mutations are located in the domain II region of the channel; Leu1014 to Phe in the hydrophobic segment IIS6 and Met918 to Thr in the IIS4-IIS5 linker. To investigate whether these mutations also occur in other insects, we have designed degenerate primers based on conserved sequences in the domain II region of the sodium channel and used these to PCR amplify this region from insecticide-susceptible strains of eight diverse insect species representing four different insect Orders: Helicoverpa armigera, Plutella xylostella, Spodoptera littoralis (Lepidoptera), Blattella germanica (Dictyoptera), Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera), Myzus persicae, Aphis gossypii and Phorodon humuli (Hemiptera). The primers amplified closely related para-type sodium channel sequences from each insect with a minimum of 85% amino acid identity between species. All of the sequences contained 'susceptible' Leu and Met residues at the positions associated with kdr and super-kdp resistance in the housefly. Recent results detailing the presence of a kdr-type Leu to Phe mutation in pyrethroid-resistant strains of two important agricultural pests, P. xylostella and M. persicae, are discussed.
|Year of Publication||1997|
|Journal citation||51 (3), pp. 265-270|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-9063(199711)51:3<265::AID-PS626>3.0.CO;2-P|
|Open access||Published as non-open access|
|Funder project or code||235|
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