The re-emergence of the bed bug as a nuisance pest - implications of resistance to the pyrethroid insecticides

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Davies, T. G. E., Field, L. M. and Williamson, M. S. 2012. The re-emergence of the bed bug as a nuisance pest - implications of resistance to the pyrethroid insecticides. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 26 (3), pp. 241-54.

AuthorsDavies, T. G. E., Field, L. M. and Williamson, M. S.
Abstract

A global resurgence of bed bugs (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) has led to renewed scientific interest in these insects. The current bed bug upsurge appears to have started almost synchronously in the late 1990s in Europe, the U.S.A.
and Australia. Several factors have led to this situation, with resistance to applied insecticides making a significant contribution. With a growing number of insecticides
(DDT, carbamates, organophosphates etc.) being no longer available as a result of regulatory restrictions, the mainstay chemistry used for bed bug control over the past
few decades has been the pyrethroid insecticides. With reports of increasing tolerance to pyrethroids leading to control failures on the rise, containing and eradicating bed
bugs is proving to be a difficult task. Consequently, several recent studies have focused on determining the mode of action of pyrethroid resistance in bed bug populations
sourced from different locations. Correct identification of the factor(s) responsible for the increasing resistance is critical to the development of effective management
strategies, which need to be based, wherever possible, on firm scientific evidence. Here we review the literature on this topic, highlighting the mechanisms thought to be involved and the problems currently faced by pest control professionals in dealing with a developing pandemic

KeywordsBed bug; DDT
Year of Publication2012
JournalMedical and Veterinary Entomology
Journal citation26 (3), pp. 241-54
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2011.01006.x
PubMed ID22235873
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Output statusPublished
PublisherWiley
Copyright licenseCC BY
Grant IDBBS/E/C/00005193
ISSN0269-283X

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