Using Hermetia illucens to process Ugandan waragi waste

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Dobermann, D., Field, L. M. and Michaelson, L. V. 2018. Using Hermetia illucens to process Ugandan waragi waste . Journal of Cleaner Production. 211 (20 February), pp. 303-308.

AuthorsDobermann, D., Field, L. M. and Michaelson, L. V.

Waragi, a form of homemade gin, is produced throughout Uganda in both legal and illegal breweries. Waste produced during the illegal brewing process is predominantly disposed of via indiscriminate dumping into surrounding environments and reports from local communities have indicated this to be harmful to crops and livestock. The larvae of Hermetia illucens are documented to consume a wide range of otherwise unappealing waste products. In addition to this, the prepupal stages of the larvae can serve as a high-quality protein feed for animal livestock. Therefore, the feasibility of the larvae of H. illucens to digest waragi waste was evaluated. A dietary toxicity trial was run to establish an LC50 value for waragi inclusion in larval diets. This was followed by a larger scale trial utilising waragi waste in combination with various in situ available feed stuffs to further assess the viability of processing waragi waste using H. illucens. Larvae were able to eat diets composed of up to 85% waragi waste without any significant impact on survival or growth. When combined with locally available feed sources, e.g. chicken offal, cottonseed cake, sunflower meal or groundnut cake, larvae showed high survival and growth rates on diets including 25% waragi waste. Results indicate that H. illucens larvae may be a useful tool in processing waragi waste.

KeywordsHermetia illucens; waste management; waragi; waste reduction; sustainable feed
Year of Publication2018
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Journal citation211 (20 February), pp. 303-308
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeBBSRC Notts DTP
TPM - Tailoring Plant Metabolism - Work package 1 (WP1) - High value lipids for health and industry
Publisher's version
Copyright license
Accepted author manuscript
Copyright license
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online21 Nov 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted19 Nov 2018
PublisherElsevier Sci Ltd

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