Norman Wingate (Bill) Pirie

NameNorman Wingate (Bill) Pirie
Job titleFormer Head of Biochemistry Department (1947-1973) -British biochemist and virologist who, along with Frederick Bawden, discovered that a virus can be crystallized by isolating tomato bushy stunt virus in 1936. This was an important milestone in understanding DNA and RNA.
Web address (URL)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Pirie
Preferred citationPirie, N. W.

Research outputs

The alleviation of world protein shortage

Pirie, N. W. 1967. The alleviation of world protein shortage. in: Briggs, M. H. (ed.) Urea as a protein supplement Elsevier. pp. 83-92

The anatomy of tobacco mosaic virus

Pirie, N. W. 1957. The anatomy of tobacco mosaic virus. in: Smith, K. M. and Lauffer, M. A. (ed.) Advances in Virus Research. Volume 4. New York Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science. pp. 159-190

Some factors controlling carotene destruction by chloroplasts in vitro

Pirie, N. W. 1994. Some factors controlling carotene destruction by chloroplasts in vitro. Plant Foods For Human Nutrition. 45, pp. 35-46.

The bulk extraction and quality of leaf protein

Pirie, N. W. 1994. The bulk extraction and quality of leaf protein. in: Linskens, H-F. and Jackson, J. F. (ed.) Modern methods of plant analysis: vegetables and vegetable products Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Logic and luck (review of A. Twort In focus, out of step: a biography of Frederick William Twort FRS, 1877-1950 )

Pirie, N. W. 1993. Logic and luck (review of A. Twort In focus, out of step: a biography of Frederick William Twort FRS, 1877-1950 ). Nature. 365 (6448), pp. 703-704. https://doi.org/10.1038/365703a0

Production and uses of leaf protein

Pirie, N. W. 1993. Production and uses of leaf protein. in: Encyclopaedia of Food Science and Technology Academic Press Inc New York.

Broad-minded biologist (review of Christopher Sexton The seeds of time: the life of Sir MacFarlane Burnet )

Pirie, N. W. 1993. Broad-minded biologist (review of Christopher Sexton The seeds of time: the life of Sir MacFarlane Burnet ). Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London. 47, pp. 305-310.

Use surplus land for leaves to feed livestock

Pirie, N. W. 1992. Use surplus land for leaves to feed livestock. Farmers Weekly. 116(10), p. 12.

A critique on methods for making leaf juice

Pirie, N. W. 1992. A critique on methods for making leaf juice. Italian Journal Of Food Science. No 1, pp. 5-8.

The role of Rothamsted in making nutrition a science

Pirie, N. W. 1991. The role of Rothamsted in making nutrition a science. The Biochemist. 13(4), pp. 8-13.

Maximising the amount of beta carotene in leaf protein

Pirie, N. W. 1991. Maximising the amount of beta carotene in leaf protein. In %Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Leaf Protein Research LEAF-PRO '89, Pisa-Perugia-Viterbo, 1989$. pp. 416-419

Food utilisation of leaf protein in Europe, America and Africa

Pirie, N. W. 1991. Food utilisation of leaf protein in Europe, America and Africa. In %Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Leaf Protein Research LEAF-PRO '89, Pisa-Perugia-Viterbo, 1989$. pp. 188-192

Jean Brachet, 19 March 1909-10 August 1988

Pirie, N. W. 1990. Jean Brachet, 19 March 1909-10 August 1988. Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 36, pp. 85-99. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbm.1990.0025

Leaf protein : production and use

Pirie, N. W. 1990. Leaf protein : production and use. Interdisciplinary Science Reviews. 15, pp. 168-176.

Byways on the route to edible protein from leaves

Pirie, N. W. 1989. Byways on the route to edible protein from leaves. The Biochemist. 11, pp. 4-7.

Efficient exploitation of plants for food

Pirie, N. W. 1989. Efficient exploitation of plants for food. in: Swaminathan, M. S. and Kochar, S. L. (ed.) Plants and society London Macmillan Publishers Ltd. pp. 403-419

Optimal exploitation of leaf carotene

Pirie, N. W. 1989. Optimal exploitation of leaf carotene. Ecology of Food and Nutrition. 22, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1080/03670244.1988.9991049

Popularising unconventional foods.

Pirie, N. W. 1988. Popularising unconventional foods. in: But the crackling is superb: an anthology on food and drink. Eds N. & G. Kurti. London : Adam Hilger pp. 170-176

Physical, psychological and social aspects of food production.

Pirie, N. W. 1988. Physical, psychological and social aspects of food production. Proceedings 37th Pugwash Conference, Gmunden am Traunsee, 1987 . pp. 435-437

Abundant oil.

Pirie, N. W. 1988. Abundant oil. Chemistry in Britain. 24, p. 1112.

The right to knowledge about the quality and availability of food.

Pirie, N. W. 1988. The right to knowledge about the quality and availability of food. The right to food: technology, policy and Third World agriculture . Eds P. Ehrensaft & F. Knelman. Montreal : Ben Gurion University of the Negev. pp. 15-22

Some preliminary observations on treatments which increase and decrease the stability of beta-carotene in preserved, moist leaf protein.

Pirie, N. W. 1987. Some preliminary observations on treatments which increase and decrease the stability of beta-carotene in preserved, moist leaf protein. Plant Foods For Human Nutrition. 36, pp. 263-272.

Leaf protein and its by-products in human and animal nutrition.

Pirie, N. W. 1987. Leaf protein and its by-products in human and animal nutrition.

An economical unit for pressing juice from fibrous pulps.

Pirie, N. W. 1987. An economical unit for pressing juice from fibrous pulps. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research. 38, pp. 217-222.

A pedal-assisted unit for making leaf juice.

Pirie, N. W. 1987. A pedal-assisted unit for making leaf juice. Experimental Agriculture. 23 (3), pp. 315-318. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479700017191

Some physical properties on which successful leaf protein production depends

Pirie, N. W. 1986. Some physical properties on which successful leaf protein production depends. 3rd International Conference on Physical Properties of Agricultural Materials and their Influence on Design and Performance of Agricultural Machines and Technologies, Prague, 1985. pp. 163-165

The next phase with leaf protein

Pirie, N. W. 1986. The next phase with leaf protein. Proceedings 18th Annual Convention of the Indian Society of Agricultural Chemists, Kanpur, 1985.

Appropriate technology of leaf protein

Pirie, N. W. 1986. Appropriate technology of leaf protein. International Symposium Proteins in Food, Health and Industry, Madras, 1986.

Leaf protein in human diets

Pirie, N. W. 1986. Leaf protein in human diets. International Leaf Protein Conference, Nagoya, Japan, 1985. pp. pp. 63-66

The right to knowledge about food and the means for getting it.

Pirie, N. W. 1986. The right to knowledge about food and the means for getting it. Speculations in Science and Technology. 9, pp. 75-82.

Leaf protein after forty years.

Pirie, N. W. 1986. Leaf protein after forty years. Bioessays. 5 (4), pp. 174-175. https://doi.org/10.1002/bies.950050409

Recurrent luck in research [Chapter 10]

Pirie, N. W. 1986. Recurrent luck in research [Chapter 10]. in: Neuberger, A., Van Deenan, L. L. M. and Semenza, G. M. (ed.) A History of Biochemistry. Selected Topics in the History of Biochemistry Personal Recollections. II. Elsevier. pp. 491-522

Production, preservation and use of leaf protein

Pirie, N. W. 1986. Production, preservation and use of leaf protein. ASEAN Food Journal. 2, pp. 47-49.

Leaf protein for overcoming hunger in the world

Pirie, N. W. 1986. Leaf protein for overcoming hunger in the world. International Leaf Protein Conference, Nagoya, Japan, 1985. pp. 1-2

Parochial, visionary and factual thinking on the origins of life

Pirie, N. W. 1985. Parochial, visionary and factual thinking on the origins of life. Bioessays. 2 (4), pp. 180-181. https://doi.org/10.1002/bies.950020410

Extracted leaf protein in British agriculture

Pirie, N. W. 1985. Extracted leaf protein in British agriculture. Nature. 315 (6022), pp. 720-720. https://doi.org/10.1038/315720a0

Comments on the importance of green vegetables

Pirie, N. W. 1985. Comments on the importance of green vegetables. Qualitas Plantarum-Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 35 (1), pp. 73-80. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01092020

Factors affecting β carotene destruction in moist preserved leaf protein

Pirie, N. W. 1984. Factors affecting β carotene destruction in moist preserved leaf protein. Qualitas Plantarum. 34 (3), pp. 229-237. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01091473

New words for old

Pirie, N. W. 1984. New words for old. Nature. 307 (5949), pp. 312-312. https://doi.org/10.1038/307312d0

Fluctuating food fashions

Pirie, N. W. 1984. Fluctuating food fashions. Interdisciplinary Science Reviews. 9 (2), pp. 149-159.

Epilogue

Pirie, N. W. 1983. Epilogue. in: Pierpoint, W. S. and Robb, D. A. (ed.) Metals and micronutrients, uptake and utilization by plants London Academic Press. pp. 326-330

Thai governments role in meeting the basic human-need for food - suthasupa,p

Pirie, N. W. 1983. Thai governments role in meeting the basic human-need for food - suthasupa,p. Third World Planning Review. 5 (3), pp. 297-297.

Possible consequences of very large-scale use of unconventional energy-sources

Pirie, N. W. 1983. Possible consequences of very large-scale use of unconventional energy-sources. Futures. 15 (1), pp. 73-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-3287(83)90074-5

Point of error

Pirie, N. W. 1983. Point of error. New Scientist. 97 (1351), pp. 914-914.

New foods - proving leaf proteins worth

Pirie, N. W. 1983. New foods - proving leaf proteins worth. Nature. 301 (5895), pp. 20-20. https://doi.org/10.1038/301020a0

A thermal history

Pirie, N. W. 1982. A thermal history. Nature. 296 (5860), pp. 796-796. https://doi.org/10.1038/296796b0

The stability of beta-carotene in preserved, moist leaf protein

Pirie, N. W. 1982. The stability of beta-carotene in preserved, moist leaf protein. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 41 (3), pp. A142-A142. https://doi.org/10.1079/PNS19820060

Realistic approaches to third-world food supplies

Pirie, N. W. 1982. Realistic approaches to third-world food supplies. Third World Planning Review. 4 (1), pp. 31-43. https://doi.org/10.3828/twpr.4.1.42q5t562q2t01317

Preparation and quality of edible leaf protein

Pirie, N. W. 1982. Preparation and quality of edible leaf protein. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Product Research and Development. 21 (2), pp. 299-302. https://doi.org/10.1021/i300006a021

Leaf protein as a food source

Pirie, N. W. 1982. Leaf protein as a food source. Experientia. 38 (1), pp. 28-31. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01944521

Would food and health-services benefit from a more intimate union

Pirie, N. W. 1981. Would food and health-services benefit from a more intimate union. Ecology of Food and Nutrition. 10 (4), pp. 257-259. https://doi.org/10.1080/03670244.1981.9990647

Possible impact of cosmochemistry on terrestrial biology - historical introduction

Pirie, N. W. 1981. Possible impact of cosmochemistry on terrestrial biology - historical introduction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences. 303 (1480), pp. 589-594. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.1981.0227

An improved small-scale unit for extracting leaf juice

Butler, J. B. and Pirie, N. W. 1981. An improved small-scale unit for extracting leaf juice. Experimental Agriculture. 17 (1), pp. 39-47. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0014479700011212

The temporary preservation of leaf protein

Pirie, N. W. 1980. The temporary preservation of leaf protein. Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics. 17 (9), pp. 349-352.

Infection - from worms to nucleotides

Pirie, N. W. 1980. Infection - from worms to nucleotides. Interdisciplinary Science Reviews. 5 (4), pp. 312-319.

Some reasons for fractionating leafy fodders

Pirie, N. W. 1979. Some reasons for fractionating leafy fodders. Milling Feed and Fertiliser. 162 (7), pp. 18-19.

Potential for leaf protein as human food

Pirie, N. W. 1979. Potential for leaf protein as human food. Journal Of The American Oil Chemists Society. 56 (3), pp. 472-472. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02671545

Leaf protein and other aspects of fodder fractionation

Pirie, N. W. 1978. Leaf protein and other aspects of fodder fractionation. Cambridge Cambridge University Press (CUP).

Freshwater weeds are a resource

Pirie, N. W. 1978. Freshwater weeds are a resource. Appropriate Technology. 4 (4), pp. 15-17.

Food from leaves of trees and bushes

Pirie, N. W. 1978. Food from leaves of trees and bushes. Appropriate Technology. 5 (3), pp. 22-24.

Simple unit for extracting protein in bulk from leaves

Butler, J. B. and Pirie, N. W. 1977. Simple unit for extracting protein in bulk from leaves. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 36 (3), pp. A133-A133.

Simple unit for extracting leaf protein in bulk

Pirie, N. W. 1977. Simple unit for extracting leaf protein in bulk. Experimental Agriculture. 13 (2), pp. 113-118. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0014479700007705

Role of leaf protein in animal feeding

Pirie, N. W. 1977. Role of leaf protein in animal feeding. World Animal Review. (22), pp. 11-14.

Gravity and biological-systems - concluding remarks

Pirie, N. W. 1977. Gravity and biological-systems - concluding remarks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences. 199 (1137), pp. 565-566. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1977.0163

Extended use of fractionation processes

Pirie, N. W. 1977. Extended use of fractionation processes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences. 281 (980), pp. 139-151. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.1977.0129

50 years ago - art of popularization

Pirie, N. W. 1977. 50 years ago - art of popularization. Trends in Biochemical Sciences. 2 (2), pp. 44-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/0968-0004(77)90256-0

Chemical preservation of partially dried potato pulp

Lacey, J. and Pirie, N. W. 1976. Chemical preservation of partially dried potato pulp. Experimental Agriculture. 12 (4), pp. 337-340. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479700007341

Food resources: conventional and novel

Pirie, N. W. 1976. Food resources: conventional and novel. London Penguin Books.

Mechanical dehydration of potato-tubers

Carruthers, I. B. and Pirie, N. W. 1976. Mechanical dehydration of potato-tubers. Experimental Agriculture. 12 (4), pp. 329-335. https://doi.org/10.1017/s001447970000733x

Maintaining a tolerable environment

Pirie, N. W. 1976. Maintaining a tolerable environment. Trends in Biochemical Sciences. 1 (12), pp. N266-N266.

Food protein-sources

Pirie, N. W. 1976. Food protein-sources. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences. 274 (934), pp. 489-498. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.1976.0060

Yields of extracted protein and of residual fiber from potato haulm taken as a by-product

Carruthers, I. B. and Pirie, N. W. 1975. Yields of extracted protein and of residual fiber from potato haulm taken as a by-product. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 17 (12), pp. 1775-1782. https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.260171207

Some obstacles to eliminating famine

Pirie, N. W. 1975. Some obstacles to eliminating famine. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 34 (3), pp. 181-186. https://doi.org/10.1079/pns19750036

Problems of tvp

Pirie, N. W. 1975. Problems of tvp. Food Manufacture. 50 (10), pp. 20-20.

Leaf protein - beneficiary of tribulation

Pirie, N. W. 1975. Leaf protein - beneficiary of tribulation. Nature. 253 (5489), pp. 239-241. https://doi.org/10.1038/253239a0

Focal points - global food strategy - borgstrom,g

Pirie, N. W. 1975. Focal points - global food strategy - borgstrom,g. Population Studies - A Journal of Demography. 29 (1), pp. 161-162. https://doi.org/10.2307/2173435

Discussion on recognition of alien life - introductory-remarks

Pirie, N. W. 1975. Discussion on recognition of alien life - introductory-remarks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences. 189 (1095), pp. 139-141. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1975.0047

Ribonucleases in nicotiana-tabacum leaf extracts treated with phenol

Jervis, L. and Pirie, N. W. 1974. Ribonucleases in nicotiana-tabacum leaf extracts treated with phenol. Phytochemistry. 13 (4), pp. 715-721. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0031-9422(00)91403-1

Fixation of nucleic-acid by leaf fiber and calcium-phosphate

Pirie, N. W. 1974. Fixation of nucleic-acid by leaf fiber and calcium-phosphate. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences. 185 (1080), pp. 343-356. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1974.0023

Effects of processing conditions on quality of leaf protein

Pirie, N. W. 1974. Effects of processing conditions on quality of leaf protein. Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society.

Detection of polarized-light

Pirie, N. W. 1974. Detection of polarized-light. Science - AAAS. 186 (4160), pp. 195-196. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.186.4160.195-d

Frederick Charles Bawden, 1908-1972

Pirie, N. W. 1973. Frederick Charles Bawden, 1908-1972. Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 19, pp. 19-63. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbm.1973.0002

Being right size

Pirie, N. W. 1973. Being right size. Annual Review of Microbiology. 27, pp. 119-132. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.mi.27.100173.001003

Avery in retrospect

Pirie, N. W. 1972. Avery in retrospect. Nature. 240, p. 572. https://doi.org/10.1038/240572a0

Research on leaf protein and its applications

Pirie, N. W. 1972. Research on leaf protein and its applications. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion. 22 (4), pp. 507-517.

The inhibition, inactivation and precipitation of tobacco mosaic virus nucleic acid by components of leaf extracts

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1972. The inhibition, inactivation and precipitation of tobacco mosaic virus nucleic acid by components of leaf extracts. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 182 (1068), pp. 319-329. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1972.0082

Factors affecting the amount of tobacco mosaic virus nucleic acid in phenol treated extracts from tobacco leaves

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1972. Factors affecting the amount of tobacco mosaic virus nucleic acid in phenol treated extracts from tobacco leaves. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 182 (1068), pp. 297-318. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1972.0081

Frederick C Bawden 1908-1972 Obituary

Pirie, N. W. 1972. Frederick C Bawden 1908-1972 Obituary. 72 (1), pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-72-1-1

Academic aspects of applied research on food proteins

Pirie, N. W. 1972. Academic aspects of applied research on food proteins. Acta Cientifica Venezolana. pp. 38-43.

Social impact of modern biology - Fuller, W.

Pirie, N. W. 1972. Social impact of modern biology - Fuller, W. Population Studies - A Journal of Demography. 26 (1), pp. 163-164. https://doi.org/10.2307/2172809

Some obstacles to innovation

Pirie, N. W. 1971. Some obstacles to innovation. Pugwash Newsletter. 9, pp. 16-22.

Seeds of change - green revolution and development in 1970s - brown,lr

Pirie, N. W. 1971. Seeds of change - green revolution and development in 1970s - brown,lr. Population Studies - A Journal of Demography. 25 (1), pp. 149-150. https://doi.org/10.2307/2172758

Biosphere

Pirie, N. W. 1971. Biosphere. Population Studies - A Journal of Demography. 25 (3), pp. 548-548. https://doi.org/10.2307/2173095

Potential protein sources for human food

Pirie, N. W. 1970. Potential protein sources for human food. Community Health. 1 (4), pp. 207-214.

Scientific basis of contraception

Swyer, G. I. M., Edwards, R. G., Morris, N. F., Paton, W. D. M. and Pirie, N. W. 1970. Scientific basis of contraception. Population Studies - A Journal of Demography. 24, pp. 37-47. https://doi.org/10.2307/2172401

Complementary ways of meeting the world’s protein need

Pirie, N. W. 1969. Complementary ways of meeting the world’s protein need. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 28 (2), pp. 255-262. https://doi.org/10.1079/PNS19690047

A laboratory-scale press for extracting juice from leaf pulp

Davys, M. N. G., Pirie, N. W. and Street, G. 1969. A laboratory-scale press for extracting juice from leaf pulp. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 11 (3), pp. 529-538. https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.260110320

Food resources: conventional and novel

Pirie, N. W. 1969. Food resources: conventional and novel. London Penguin Books.

The Viruses [Chapter 11]

Pirie, N. W. 1969. The Viruses [Chapter 11]. in: Harré, R. (ed.) Scientific Thought, 1900–1960: A Selective Survey London Clarendon Press. pp. 227-237

The production and use of leaf protein

Pirie, N. W. 1969. The production and use of leaf protein. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 28 (1), pp. 85-91. https://doi.org/10.1079/PNS19690017

Use of plant protein concentrates as human food

Pirie, N. W. 1968. Use of plant protein concentrates as human food. Chemistry & Industry. 26, pp. 864-866.

Implementing the possibilities

Pirie, N. W. 1968. Implementing the possibilities. Science Journal. May, pp. 101-106.

Exchange visits of scientists between the Academy of the Socialist Republic of Rumania and the Royal Society [Report O/6 (68)]

Pirie, N. W. 1968. Exchange visits of scientists between the Academy of the Socialist Republic of Rumania and the Royal Society [Report O/6 (68)]. London Royal Society Publishing.

Protein metabolism

Pirie, N. W. 1967. Protein metabolism. Proceedings of the Royal Society Medicine. 60 (11 Pt 1), pp. 1065-1066.

Introduction: the purpose and function of the International Biological Programme

Pirie, N. W. 1967. Introduction: the purpose and function of the International Biological Programme. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 26 (1), pp. 125-128. https://doi.org/10.1079/PNS19670021

Leaf protein research in the International Biological Program

Pirie, N. W. 1967. Leaf protein research in the International Biological Program. Agricultural Science Review. 5 (4), pp. 17-21.

The construction of a lunar microcosm

Pirie, N. W. 1967. The construction of a lunar microcosm. 17th International Astronautical Congress, Madrid, 1966. Madrid, Spain DUNOD editeur.

The merits of food proteins from novel sources

Pirie, N. W. 1966. The merits of food proteins from novel sources. Science Progress. 54 (215), pp. 401-412.

Fodder fractionation: an aspect of conservation

Pirie, N. W. 1966. Fodder fractionation: an aspect of conservation. Fertiliser & Feeding Stuffs Journal.

A rational approach to world feeding

Pirie, N. W. 1966. A rational approach to world feeding. The Rationalist Annual. pp. 31-42.

A belt press for separating juices from fibrous pulp

Davys, M. N. G. and Pirie, N. W. 1965. A belt press for separating juices from fibrous pulp. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research. 10 (2), pp. 142-145. https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-8634(65)90063-6

The presentation of leaf protein on the table: II

Byers, M., Green, S. H. and Pirie, N. W. 1965. The presentation of leaf protein on the table: II. Nutrition. 19 (Summer), pp. 63-70.

The maldistribution of research effort

Pirie, N. W. 1965. The maldistribution of research effort. in: Goldsmith, M. and Mackay, A. (ed.) The Science of Science: Society in the Technological Age London Souvenir Press. pp. 157-169

The Leeuwenhoek Lecture, 1963 The size of small organisms

Pirie, N. W. 1964. The Leeuwenhoek Lecture, 1963 The size of small organisms. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 160 (979), pp. 149-166. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1964.0033

The need for new thinking on food production

Pirie, N. W. 1964. The need for new thinking on food production. Journal of the Agricultural Society, University College of Wales. . 44, p. 54.

Novel protein sources for use as human food in wet tropical regions

Pirie, N. W. 1964. Novel protein sources for use as human food in wet tropical regions. 1st Congrès International des Industries Alimentaires et Agricoles, 1964, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire . Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire Congrès International des Industries Alimentaires et Agricoles (CIIA).

Human survival: the essential conditions

Pirie, N. W. 1963. Human survival: the essential conditions. Discovery: the magazine of scientific progress. 29 (10), pp. 10-15.

Viruses, Genes and Cistrons [Response to Letter by C. C. Lindegren]

Pirie, N. W. 1963. Viruses, Genes and Cistrons [Response to Letter by C. C. Lindegren]. Nature. 197 (4867), pp. 566-568. https://doi.org/10.1038/197568a0

Batch production of protein from leaves

Davys, M. N. G. and Pirie, N. W. 1963. Batch production of protein from leaves. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research. 8, pp. 70-73.

The selection and use of leafy crops as a source of protein for man

Pirie, N. W. 1963. The selection and use of leafy crops as a source of protein for man. Proceedings of the fifth International Congress of Biochemistry, Moscow, 10-16 August 1961. Pergamon Press.

Non-conventional protein sources

Pirie, N. W. 1963. Non-conventional protein sources. in: Leitch, J. M. and Rhodes, D. N. (ed.) Recent Advances in Food Science: Biochemistry and Biophysics in Food Research v. 3 London Butterworths. pp. 87-99

Glutathione

Pirie, N. W. 1962. Glutathione. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 156 (964), pp. 306-311.

Patterns of assumption about large molecules

Pirie, N. W. 1962. Patterns of assumption about large molecules. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Sep 1962 (Suppl. 1), pp. 21-29.

Principles of classification illustrated by the problem of virus classification

Pirie, N. W. 1962. Principles of classification illustrated by the problem of virus classification. Perspectives In Biology and Medicine. 5 (4), pp. 446-472. https://doi.org/10.1353/pbm.1962.0019

Prequisites for virus classification

Pirie, N. W. 1962. Prequisites for virus classification. Microbial Classification: Twelfth Symposium of the Society for General Microbiology Held at the Royal Institution, London, April 1962. Society for General Microbiology.

Indigenous foods

Pirie, N. W. 1962. Indigenous foods. Advancement of Science. January, pp. 467-475.

Future sources of food supply: scientific problems

Pirie, N. W. 1962. Future sources of food supply: scientific problems. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A (Statistics in Society). 125 (3), pp. 399-417. https://doi.org/10.2307/2982410

Progress in biochemical engineering broadens our choice of crop plants

Pirie, N. W. 1961. Progress in biochemical engineering broadens our choice of crop plants. Economic Botany. 15, pp. 302-310. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02907851

Solar wind and terrestrial oxygen

Pirie, N. W. 1961. Solar wind and terrestrial oxygen. Nature. 190, p. 706. https://doi.org/10.1038/190706a0

The large‐scale production of protein from leaf extracts

Morrison, J. E. and Pirie, N. W. 1961. The large‐scale production of protein from leaf extracts. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture - jsfa. 12 (1), pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740120101

The disintegration of soft tissues in the absence of air

Pirie, N. W. 1961. The disintegration of soft tissues in the absence of air. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research. 6 (2), pp. 142-144.

New sources of food

Pirie, N. W. 1960. New sources of food. Discovery: the magazine of scientific progress. September, pp. 374-379.

New foods for world needs

Pirie, N. W. 1960. New foods for world needs. Royal Society of Health Journal. 80 (3), pp. 198-203. https://doi.org/10.1177/146642406008000350

Water hyacinth: a curse or a crop?

Pirie, N. W. 1960. Water hyacinth: a curse or a crop? Nature. 185, p. 116. https://doi.org/10.1038/185116a0

The presentation of leaf protein on the table

Morrison, J. E. and Pirie, N. W. 1960. The presentation of leaf protein on the table. Nutrition.

Protein from leaves by bulk extraction

Davys, M. N. G. and Pirie, N. W. 1960. Protein from leaves by bulk extraction. Engineering. 190, pp. 274-275.

Leaf protein as human food

Pirie, N. W. 1959. Leaf protein as human food. Lancet. 274 (7109), pp. 961-962. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(59)91603-4

Edible protein from leaves

Pirie, N. W. 1959. Edible protein from leaves. The British Vegetarian. 1 (6), p. 4pp..

The infectivity and inactivation of nucleic acid preparations from tobacco mosaic virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1959. The infectivity and inactivation of nucleic acid preparations from tobacco mosaic virus. Journal of General Microbiology. 21 (2), pp. 438-456. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-21-2-438

Leaf proteins

Pirie, N. W. 1959. Leaf proteins. Annual Review of Plant Physiology. 10, pp. 33-52. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.pp.10.060159.000341

The large-scale separation of fluids from fibrous pulps

Pirie, N. W. 1959. The large-scale separation of fluids from fibrous pulps. Journal of Biochemical and Microbiological Technology and Engineering. 1 (1), pp. 13-25. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmte.390010103

Malthus 1959 - Farmer and Biochemist versus Engineer and Doctor

Pirie, N. W. 1959. Malthus 1959 - Farmer and Biochemist versus Engineer and Doctor. Manchester Memoirs. 101 (6), pp. 1-16.

Some aspects of the origins of life considered in the light of the Moscow International Symposium

Pirie, N. W. 1959. Some aspects of the origins of life considered in the light of the Moscow International Symposium. ICSU Review of World Science. 1, pp. 40-48.

Discussion of papers by Isherwood and Thompson & Martin

Pirie, N. W. 1959. Discussion of papers by Isherwood and Thompson & Martin. Biochemical Society Symposium. 17, pp. 26-27.

X. The position of stereoisomerism in argument about the origins of life

Pirie, N. W. 1958. X. The position of stereoisomerism in argument about the origins of life. Transactions of the Bose Research Institute Calcutta. 22, pp. 111-120.

World Hunger as a biochemical problem

Pirie, N. W. 1958. World Hunger as a biochemical problem. Journal of the Royal Society of Arts. 106 (5023), pp. 511-528.

Improvements in apparatus for the expulsion of liquid from fibrous material

Pirie, N. W., Fairclough, D. and Wiseman-Shardlow, A. 1958. Improvements in apparatus for the expulsion of liquid from fibrous material.

The Origins of Life: Moscow Symposium

Pirie, N. W. 1957. The Origins of Life: Moscow Symposium. Nature. 180, pp. 886-888. https://doi.org/10.1038/180886a0

Leaf protein as a human food

Pirie, N. W. 1957. Leaf protein as a human food. Food Manufacture. September, p. 4pp..

Some assumptions underlying discussion on the origins of life

Pirie, N. W. 1957. Some assumptions underlying discussion on the origins of life. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 69 (2), pp. 369-376. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1957.tb49672.x

Activity of fragmented and reassembled tobacco mosaic virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1957. Activity of fragmented and reassembled tobacco mosaic virus. Journal of General Microbiology. 17 (1), pp. 80-95. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-17-1-80

A virus-inactivating system from tobacco leaves

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1957. A virus-inactivating system from tobacco leaves. Journal of General Microbiology. 16 (3), pp. 696-710. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-16-3-696

Biochemical engineering

Pirie, N. W. 1957. Biochemical engineering. Research. 10 (January), pp. 29-34.

Morning session introduction

Pirie, N. W. 1957. Morning session introduction. Biochemical Society Symposium No.14, 1957. Biochemical Society.

Material in virus preparations not necessary for the manifestation of characteristic virus properties

Pirie, N. W. 1957. Material in virus preparations not necessary for the manifestation of characteristic virus properties. Ciba Foundation Symposium on The Nature of Viruses, 1956. J. & A. Churchill Ltd.

Further studies on the purification and properties of a virus causing tobacco necrosis

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1945. Further studies on the purification and properties of a virus causing tobacco necrosis. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 26 (5), pp. 277-285.

Unexploited technological possibilities of making food for man and animals

Pirie, N. W. 1956. Unexploited technological possibilities of making food for man and animals. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 15 (2), pp. 154-160. https://doi.org/10.1079/PNS19560032

Some components of tobacco mosaic virus preparations made in different ways

Pirie, N. W. 1956. Some components of tobacco mosaic virus preparations made in different ways. Biochemical Journal. 63 (2), pp. 316-325. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0630316

The recognition, distribution and action of nucleic acids

Pirie, N. W. 1957. The recognition, distribution and action of nucleic acids. Chromosomes. Lectures Held at the Conference on Chromosomes, Wageningen, April 16-19, 1956.. N. V. Uitgevers-Maatschappij.

Observations on the anomalous proteins occurring in extracts from plant infected with strains of tobacco mosaic virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1956. Observations on the anomalous proteins occurring in extracts from plant infected with strains of tobacco mosaic virus. Journal of General Microbiology. 14, pp. 460-477. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-14-2-460

Power from leaves

Pirie, N. W. 1956. Power from leaves. Solar Energy. pp. 216-224.

The preparation of ribonucleic acid from yeast, tobacco leaves and tobacco mosaic virus

Holden, M. and Pirie, N. W. 1955. The preparation of ribonucleic acid from yeast, tobacco leaves and tobacco mosaic virus. Biochemical Journal. 60 (1), pp. 46-53. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0600046

A comparison of leaf and pancreatic ribonuclease

Holden, M. and Pirie, N. W. 1955. A comparison of leaf and pancreatic ribonuclease. Biochemical Journal. 60 (1), pp. 53-62. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0600053

The partial purification of leaf ribonuclease

Holden, M. and Pirie, N. W. 1955. The partial purification of leaf ribonuclease. Biochemical Journal. 60 (1), pp. 39-46. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0600039

The principles of microbial classification: summing up

Pirie, N. W. 1955. The principles of microbial classification: summing up. Journal of General Microbiology. 12 (2), pp. 382-386. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-12-2-382

Summing-up

Pirie, N. W. 1955. Summing-up. Journal of General Microbiology. 12 (2), pp. 382-386. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-12-2-382

Biochemical engineering

Pirie, N. W. 1955. Biochemical engineering. Souvenir. 23, pp. 122-127.

Treatments affecting the ultraviolet absorption spectrum of ribonucleic acid from three sources

Holden, M. and Pirie, N. W. 1955. Treatments affecting the ultraviolet absorption spectrum of ribonucleic acid from three sources. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 16 (3), pp. 317-321. https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-3002(55)90232-8

Factors controlling biological multiplication

Pirie, N. W. 1954. Factors controlling biological multiplication. Nature. 174 (4435), pp. 815-817. https://doi.org/10.1038/174815a0

The fission of tobacco mosaic virus and some other nucleoproteins by strontium nitrate

Pirie, N. W. 1954. The fission of tobacco mosaic virus and some other nucleoproteins by strontium nitrate. Biochemical Journal. 56 (1), pp. 83-86. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0560083

Ideas and assumptions about the origin of life

Pirie, N. W. 1953. Ideas and assumptions about the origin of life. Discovery: the magazine of scientific progress. 14 (August), pp. 238-242.

Research for plenty. No.8: New foods for a crowded world

Pirie, N. W. 1953. Research for plenty. No.8: New foods for a crowded world. Agriculture: the journal of the Ministry of Agriculture. 60, pp. 116-20.

Some host components that affect viruses during isolation

Pirie, N. W. 1953. Some host components that affect viruses during isolation. Symposium on the Interaction of Viruses and Cells, 7-11 September 1953, Rome.

Food and the future. 3A. The efficient use of sunlight for food production

Pirie, N. W. 1953. Food and the future. 3A. The efficient use of sunlight for food production. Chemistry & Industry. 19, pp. 442-445.

Contributions to the discussion, the effects of size and stability on antigenicity

Pirie, N. W. 1953. Contributions to the discussion, the effects of size and stability on antigenicity. Biochemical Society Symposium. 10, pp. 81-82.

Cellulase as a subject for speculation and commercial enterprise

Pirie, N. W. 1953. Cellulase as a subject for speculation and commercial enterprise. Biochemical Society Symposium. 11, pp. 61-62.

Basic research into contraception

Pirie, N. W. 1952. Basic research into contraception. Lancet. 259 (6697), pp. 54-55. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(52)91027-1

The clear representation of very small masses

Pirie, N. W. 1951. The clear representation of very small masses. Nature. 168 (1008). https://doi.org/10.1038/1681008b0

The isolation from normal tobacco leaves of nucleoprotein with some similarity to plant viruses

Pirie, N. W. 1950. The isolation from normal tobacco leaves of nucleoprotein with some similarity to plant viruses. Biochemical Journal. 47 (5), pp. 614-625. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0470614

A study of enzymes that can break down tobacco-leaf components. 1. Digestive juice of Helix on leaf fibre

Holden, M., Pirie, N. W. and Tracey, M. V. 1950. A study of enzymes that can break down tobacco-leaf components. 1. Digestive juice of Helix on leaf fibre. Biochemical Journal. 47 (4), pp. 399-407. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0470399

Some factors affecting the activation of virus preparations made from tobacco leaves infected with a tobacco necrosis virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1950. Some factors affecting the activation of virus preparations made from tobacco leaves infected with a tobacco necrosis virus. Journal of General Microbiology. 4 (3), pp. 464-481. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-4-3-464

Some effects of freezing in the leaf, and of citrate in vitro, on the infectivity of a tobacco necrosis virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1950. Some effects of freezing in the leaf, and of citrate in vitro, on the infectivity of a tobacco necrosis virus. Journal of General Microbiology. 4 (3), pp. 482-492. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-4-3-482

Development of ideas on the nature of viruses

Pirie, N. W. 1948. Development of ideas on the nature of viruses. British Medical Bulletin. 5 (4-5), pp. 329-333. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.bmb.a073253

The effects of serum and of hyaluronic acid derivatives on the action of hyaluronidase

Hadidian, Z. and Pirie, N. W. 1948. The effects of serum and of hyaluronic acid derivatives on the action of hyaluronidase. Biochemical Journal. 42 (2), pp. 266-274. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0420266

The preparation and some properties of hyaluronic acid from human umbilical cord

Hadidian, Z. and Pirie, N. W. 1948. The preparation and some properties of hyaluronic acid from human umbilical cord. Biochemical Journal. 42 (2), pp. 260-265. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0420260

Protective antigens isolated from Br. Arbotus

Paterson, J. S., Pirie, N. W. and Stableforth, A. W. 1947. Protective antigens isolated from Br. Arbotus. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 28 (3), pp. 223-236.

The viruses

Pirie, N. W. 1946. The viruses. Annual Review of Biochemistry. 15, pp. 573-590. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.bi.15.070146.003041

The virus content of plants suffering from tobacco mosaic

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1946. The virus content of plants suffering from tobacco mosaic. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 27 (2), pp. 81-90.

The state of viruses in the infected cell

Pirie, N. W. 1946. The state of viruses in the infected cell. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology. 11, pp. 184-192. https://doi.org/10.1101/SQB.1946.011.01.020

The manometric determination of formic acid

Pirie, N. W. 1946. The manometric determination of formic acid. Biochemical Journal. 40 (1), pp. 100-102. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0400100

The separation and properties of tobacco mosaic virus in different states of aggregation

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1945. The separation and properties of tobacco mosaic virus in different states of aggregation. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 26 (5), pp. 294-312.

The liberation of virus, together with materials that inhibit its precipitation with antiserum, from the solid leaf residues of tomato plants suffering from bushy stunt

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1944. The liberation of virus, together with materials that inhibit its precipitation with antiserum, from the solid leaf residues of tomato plants suffering from bushy stunt. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 25 (2), pp. 68-80.

The inactivation of tomato bushy stunt virus by heating and freezing

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1943. The inactivation of tomato bushy stunt virus by heating and freezing. Biochemical Journal. 37 (1), pp. 70-79. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0370070

Methods for the purification of tomato bushy stunt and tobacco mosaic viruses

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1943. Methods for the purification of tomato bushy stunt and tobacco mosaic viruses. Biochemical Journal. 37 (1), pp. 66-70. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0370066

A preliminary description of preparations of some of the viruses causing tobacco necrosis

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1942. A preliminary description of preparations of some of the viruses causing tobacco necrosis. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 23 (6), pp. 314-327.

The direct use of leaf protein in human nutrition

Pirie, N. W. 1942. The direct use of leaf protein in human nutrition. Chemistry & Industry. 61, pp. 45-48.

The inactivation of some plant viruses by urea

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1940. The inactivation of some plant viruses by urea. Biochemical Journal. 34 (8-9), pp. 1258-1277. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0341258

The effects of alkali and some simple organic substances on three plant viruses

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1940. The effects of alkali and some simple organic substances on three plant viruses. Biochemical Journal. 34 (8-9), pp. 1278-1292. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0341278

The purification of insect-transmitted plant viruses

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1939. The purification of insect-transmitted plant viruses. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 20 (4), pp. 322-329.

Plant viruses I Serological, chemical and physio-chemical properties

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1939. Plant viruses I Serological, chemical and physio-chemical properties. Tabulae Biologicae. 6, pp. 355-371.

Crystalline preparations of tomato bushy stunt virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1938. Crystalline preparations of tomato bushy stunt virus. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 19 (4), pp. 251-263.

A note on some protein constituents of normal tobacco and tomato leaves

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1938. A note on some protein constituents of normal tobacco and tomato leaves. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 19 (4), pp. 264-267.

A plant virus preparation in a fully crystalline state

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1938. A plant virus preparation in a fully crystalline state. Nature. 141, pp. 513-514. https://doi.org/10.1038/141513b0

Liquid crystalline preparations of potato virus “X”

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1938. Liquid crystalline preparations of potato virus “X”. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 19 (1), pp. 66-82.

The relationships between liquid crystalline preparations of cucumber viruses 3 and 4 and strains of tobacco mosaic virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1937. The relationships between liquid crystalline preparations of cucumber viruses 3 and 4 and strains of tobacco mosaic virus. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 18 (4), pp. 275-291.

Liquid crystalline preparations of cucumber viruses 3 and 4

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1937. Liquid crystalline preparations of cucumber viruses 3 and 4. Nature. 139, pp. 546-547. https://doi.org/10.1038/139546b0

The isolation and some properties of liquid crystalline substances from solanaceous plants infected with three strains of tobacco mosaic virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1937. The isolation and some properties of liquid crystalline substances from solanaceous plants infected with three strains of tobacco mosaic virus. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences. 123 (832), pp. 274-320. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1937.0054

Liquid crystalline substances from virus-infected plants

Bawden, F. C., Pirie, N. W., Bernal, J. D. and Fankuchen, I. 1936. Liquid crystalline substances from virus-infected plants. Nature. 138, pp. 1051-1052. https://doi.org/10.1038/1381051a0

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