Effect of genotype on chromosome variation in tissue-culture of inbred and outbred rye

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Puolimatka, M. and Karp, A. 1993. Effect of genotype on chromosome variation in tissue-culture of inbred and outbred rye. Heredity. 71, pp. 138-144.

AuthorsPuolimatka, M. and Karp, A.

To examine the effect of genotype on the nature of the cytological variation induced in culture, plants were regenerated from cultured immature embryos of six genotypes (lines A-F) of rye (Secale cereale L.). The variation observed differed among the six lines and was generally consistent with the donors. Regenerants of line A were consistent with the donor, cv. Ailes, in that chromosome translocations appeared at high frequencies. No structural or numerical variation was observed in the B chromosomes of line B. Two of the four inbred lines studied were very stable in culture. Inbred line D was also stable except for a translocation in the regenerants. In inbred line F, variation was observed in the donors and the regenerants. An examination of chiasma frequency and distribution indicated that the regenerated plants generally had higher chiasma frequencies and more distally localized chiasmata than the donors. Line F was exceptional in that the regenerants had more interstitial chiasmata. The elevation in chiasma frequency was not as great, or statistically as significant, as the change in distribution. These results provide further evidence that the nature of cytological variation observed in regenerated plants is genotype-dependent and that, in addition to numerical and structural chromosome variation, shifts in chiasma frequency and distribution, and therefore in genetic recombination, can occur as a result of somaclonal variation.

Keywordschiasma; interchange; Rye; Somaclonal Variation; secale-cereale l; immature embryos; regenerated; Plants; Frequency; progeny; Callus; lines
Year of Publication1993
Journal citation71, pp. 138-144
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1038/hdy.1993.117
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

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