Somaclonal variation as a tool for crop improvement

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Karp, A. 1995. Somaclonal variation as a tool for crop improvement. Euphytica. 85 (1-3), pp. 295-302.

AuthorsKarp, A.
Abstract

Somaclonal variation is a tool that can be used by plant breeders. The review examines where this tool can be applied most effectively and the factors that limit or improve its chances of success. The main factors that influence the variation generated from tissue culture are (1) the degree of departure from oganised growth, (2) the genotype, (3) growth regulators and (4) tissue source. Despite an increasing understanding of how these factors work it is still not possible to predict the outcome of a somaclonal breeding programme. New varieties have been produced by somaclonal variation, but in a large number of cases improved variants have not been selected because (1) the variation was all negative, (2) positive changes were also altered in negative ways, (3) the changes were not novel, or (4) the changes were not stable after selfing or crossing. Somaclonal variation is cheaper than other methods of genetic manipulation. At the present time, it is also more universally applicable and does not require 'containment' procedures. It has been most successful in crops with limited genetic systems and/or narrow genetic bases, where it can provide a rapid source of variability for crop improvement.

KeywordsTissue Culture; Somaclonal Variation; Plant Breeding; culture-induced variation; spruce picea-glauca; hordeum-vulgare-l; tissue-culture; Somatic Embryogenesis; phenotypic variation; regenerated; Plants; immature embryos; petal epidermis; callus-culture
Year of Publication1995
JournalEuphytica
Journal citation85 (1-3), pp. 295-302
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1007/bf00023959
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
ISSN00142336

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