High levels of genetic diversity in Salix viminalis of the Czech Republic as revealed by microsatellite markers

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Trybush, S. O., Jahodova, S., Cizkova, L., Karp, A. and Hanley, S. J. 2012. High levels of genetic diversity in Salix viminalis of the Czech Republic as revealed by microsatellite markers. BioEnergy Research. 5 (4), pp. 969-977.

AuthorsTrybush, S. O., Jahodova, S., Cizkova, L., Karp, A. and Hanley, S. J.
Abstract

Willows (Salix spp.) grown as short rotation coppice are recognised as an important bioenergy crop, and breeding programmes are underway in several countries, including the Czech Republic. The basket willow Salix viminalis is one of the few willow species that is widespread in the Czech Republic and thus a potential source of diversity, but the most extensive germplasm collection available shows evidence of redundancy. To investigate levels of variation in natural populations of this species for use in crop improvement programmes, a set of 38 microsatellite markers was used to assess genetic diversity and population structure among 84 S. viminalis individuals collected from seven Czech rivers (the Odra, Bečva, Morava, Dyje, Jihlava, Sázava and Vltava), covering a wide geographic distribution. The markers detected 6.95 alleles per locus on average with 92 % of the sampled individuals having a unique multilocus genotype giving a high clonal richness measure among all samples (R = 0.952). Three sets of putative clones (with identical genotypes as determined by the markers used here) were also identified. Significant levels of genetic diversity were revealed within all sampling sites. With the exception of sites on the Odra and Morava, pairwise F ST (0.02–0.1) values indicated moderate differentiation between sites. Principal coordinates analysis revealed some separation of the Dyje individuals from all others. This was in agreement with the population structure results derived from Bayesian analyses using STRUCTURE software. These results provide the first evidence that potentially useful levels of genotypic variation are present within natural S. viminalis populations in the Czech Republic.

KeywordsBioenergy; Short rotation coppice (SRC); Salix viminalis; Willow; Genetic diversity; Population structure
Year of Publication2012
JournalBioEnergy Research
Journal citation5 (4), pp. 969-977
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1007/s12155-012-9212-4
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeTowards targeted breeding of a European SRC willow crop for diverse environments and future climates (BREDNET-SRC)
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online24 May 2012
Copyright licensePublisher copyright
PublisherSpringer
ISSN1939-1234

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