Exploiting genetic variation in nitrogen use efficiency

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Hawkesford, M. J. and Griffiths, S. 2019. Exploiting genetic variation in nitrogen use efficiency. Current Opinion in Plant Biology. 49, pp. 35-42.

AuthorsHawkesford, M. J. and Griffiths, S.
Abstract

Cereals are the most important sources of calories and nutrition for the human population, and are an essential animal feed. Food security depends on adequate production and demands are predicted to rise as the global population rises. The need for increased yields will have to be coupled to the efficient use of resources including fertilisers such as nitrogen to underpin the sustainability of food production. Although optimally performing crops with high yields require a balanced mineral nutrition, nitrogen fundamentally drives growth and yield as well as requirements for other nutrients. It is estimated that globally only 33% of applied nitrogen fertiliser is recovered in the harvested grain, indicative of a huge waste of resource and potential major pollutant and is thus a major target for crop improvement. Both agronomy and breeding will contribute to improved nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) and an important component of the latter is harnessing germplasm variation. This review will consider the key traits involved in NUE, the potential to exploit genetic variation for these specific traits, and the approaches to be utilised.

Year of Publication2019
JournalCurrent Opinion in Plant Biology
Journal citation49, pp. 35-42
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.pbi.2019.05.003
Web address (URL)http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1369526618301158
Open accessPublished as green open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Funder project or codeDesigning Future Wheat (DFW) [ISPG]
WGIN
Publisher's version
Accepted author manuscript
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online04 Jun 2019
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1369-5266

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