Leaf developmental stage affects sulfate depletion and specific sulfate transporter expression during sulfur deprivation in Brassica napus L.

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Parmar, S., Buchner, P. H. and Hawkesford, M. J. 2007. Leaf developmental stage affects sulfate depletion and specific sulfate transporter expression during sulfur deprivation in Brassica napus L. Plant Biology. 9 (5), pp. 647-653.

AuthorsParmar, S., Buchner, P. H. and Hawkesford, M. J.
Abstract

Brassica napus was grown under hydroponic conditions and responses to the removal of the external supply of sulfur (S) were analysed in roots and in leaves of different developmental age. The concentrations of sulfate and nitrate were greatest in the older leaves and least in younger leaves, whilst phosphate was greatest in roots and youngest leaves and least in old leaves. S-deprivation resulted in decreases in tissue sulfate concentrations at variable rates in the order: roots and young leaves > middle-aged leaves > oldest leaves. Phosphate concentrations were unaffected and nitrate concentrations were only depleted in the oldest leaves. Expression of representative members of the sulfate transporter gene family was assessed by Northern blotting in the respective tissues. Group 1 transporters (high affinity type) were induced in response to S-deprivation in all tissues except old leaves, where no expression was detected, and to the greatest extent in roots. Groups 2 and 5 (a Brassica Group 5 sulfate transporter is reported here, accession number: A]311389) transporters showed either no or only a small induction by S-deprivation. Group 4 transporters (localised in the tonoplast membrane and thought to be involved in vacuolar sulfate efflux) were induced by S-deprivation with a complex pattern: 4;1 was expressed in root and mature leaves, was strongly induced by sulfur-deprivation in roots, and was also induced in the middle-aged leaves alone; 4;2 was only expressed under S-deprivation in parallel with the observed pattern of tissue sulfate concentrations. Expression patterns indicated that both differences in intracellular sulfate pools and localised aspects of the signal transduction pathway link tissue sulfate-status and sulfur-nutrition regulated gene expression.

KeywordsPlant Sciences
Year of Publication2007
JournalPlant Biology
Journal citation9 (5), pp. 647-653
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1055/s-2007-965428
PubMed ID17853364
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or codeCentre for Crop Genetic Improvement (CGI)
ISSN14358603
PublisherWiley

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