Mapping the spatial sources of atmospheric dust using GLUE and Monte Carlo simulation

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Gholami, H., Rahimi, S., Fathabadi, A., Habibi, S. and Collins, A. L. 2020. Mapping the spatial sources of atmospheric dust using GLUE and Monte Carlo simulation. Science of the Total Environment. 723, p. 138090.

AuthorsGholami, H., Rahimi, S., Fathabadi, A., Habibi, S. and Collins, A. L.
Abstract

Atmospheric dust has many negative impacts within different ecosystems and it is therefore beneficial to assemble reliable evidence on the key sources of the dust problem. In this study, for first time, two different source modelling approaches comprising generalized likelihood uncertainty estimation (GLUE) and Monte Carlo simulation were applied to map spatial source contributions to atmospheric dust samples collected in Ahvaz,Khuzestan province, Iran. A total of 264 surficial soil samples were collected from five potential spatial dust sources. Additionally, nine dust samples were collected in February 2015. The performance of both GLUE and Monte Carlo simulation for quantifying uncertainty associated with the source contributions predicted using an un-mixing model were assessed and compared using mean absolute fit (MAF) and goodness-of-fit (GOF) estimators as well as 14 virtual sedimentmixtures (VSM). Finally, the erodible fraction (EF) of topsoils and HYSPLIT model were used as further tests for validating the results of the GLUE and Monte Caro simulation. Based on both uncertainty modelling approaches, the loamy sand soil texture was recognized as the main spatial source of the target dust samples. Silty clay soilswere estimated to be the least important spatial source of the target dust samples using the two modelling approaches. Both GLUE and Monte Carlo simulation returned MAF and GOF estimates N80%, with Monte Carlo performing slightly better. Based on the virtual mixture tests, the RMSE and MAE of the Monte Carlo simulation (b13.5% and b11%, respectively) was better than for GLUE (b20% and b16.3%, respectively). Spatial source maps generated using both GLUE and Monte Carlo simulation were consistent with the EF map generated using multiple regression (MR) and with routes dust transportation detected by HYSPLIT. Therefore, we recommend that future research into to the sources of atmospheric dust pollution integrates modelling approaches, VSM, EF and HYSPLIT model to quantify and map dust provenance reliably.

KeywordsAtmospheric dust ; GLUE; Monte Carlo simulation; Soil texture; Spatial source; Erodible factor; Virtual sediment mixtures
Year of Publication2020
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Journal citation723, p. 138090
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138090
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeS2N - Soil to Nutrition - Work package 3 (WP3) - Sustainable intensification - optimisation at multiple scales
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online01 May 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted19 Mar 2020
PublisherElsevier Science Bv
ISSN0048-9697

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