Effects of host variety on blue willow beetle Phratora vulgatissima performance

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Peacock, L., Harris, J. and Powers, S. J. 2004. Effects of host variety on blue willow beetle Phratora vulgatissima performance. Annals of Applied Biology. 144 (1), pp. 45-52.

AuthorsPeacock, L., Harris, J. and Powers, S. J.
Abstract

Phratora vulgatissima adults exhibit feeding preferences among willow varieties, yet little is known of the effects of willow variety on larval and adult performance. The effects of host variety on adult fitness and fecundity as well as on larval mortality and development were studied under laboratory conditions for 35 willow varieties. The host variety significantly affected the number of days that adults survived and the rates of weight change. On average, males lost weight and females gained weight. The total number of eggs, eggs day(-1), eggs clutch(-1) and the length of the oviposition period were also significantly affected by willow variety. Progeny from eggs laid by adults fed on the different willow varieties showed significant differences in days to pupation and pupal weight when subsequently reared on Salix x dasyclados or on the same variety as fed to the adults. However, there was no correlation between these parameters on S. x dasyclados and the variety fed to adults. The willow variety fed to larvae significantly affected larval mortality (four varieties caused 100% mortality), the shape of larval growth curves (as measured by predicted final weight and time to half the final weight), the number of days to pupation and pupal weight. There were significant positive correlations between previously determined adult P vulgatissima feeding preferences of the 35 willow varieties and the following: number of eggs laid, length of the oviposition period, larval mortality and development and change in adult weight. There was a considerable degree of variation in these correlations and some varieties did not follow the general trend indicated by the size or sign of particular correlations, for example, having a high feeding preference ranking yet few eggs laid, low larval weight and longer time to pupation. The differences found between varieties for adult and larval performance in conjunction with previously established feeding preferences offer great potential for utilising plant resistance to P. vulgatissima as a means of strategic control. Despite the general correlation of feeding preference and performance parameters, the results found here suggest that it appears to be possible for plant breeders to circumvent this trend.

KeywordsAgriculture, Multidisciplinary
Year of Publication2004
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Journal citation144 (1), pp. 45-52
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2004.tb00315.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code431
445
508
513
ISSN00034746
PublisherWiley

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