High frequency of adventitious shoot regeneration from commercial cultivars of evening primrose (Oenothera spp.) using thidiazuron

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Mendoza De Gyves, E., Sparks, C. A., Fieldsend, A. F., Lazzeri, P. A. and Jones, H. D. 2001. High frequency of adventitious shoot regeneration from commercial cultivars of evening primrose (Oenothera spp.) using thidiazuron. Annals of Applied Biology. 138 (3), pp. 329-332.

AuthorsMendoza De Gyves, E., Sparks, C. A., Fieldsend, A. F., Lazzeri, P. A. and Jones, H. D.
Abstract

Evening primrose (Oenothera spp.) is grown commercially for its seed oil that contains gamma linolenic acid (GLA), a valuable food supplement and pharmaceutical. There is considerable interest in the potential of genetic engineering to improve yields of GLA in evening primrose, and attention has focused on the current state of tissue-culture knowledge in this species which is a prerequisite for genetic transformation. Published protocols for the regeneration of plants from leaf or cotyledon material of Oenothera spp. are available, but these prove unsatisfactory when applied to commercial cultivars used in this study. An efficient method for regenerating three commercial cultivars of evening primrose Rigel, Merlin and Vulcan was developed using thidiazuron (TDZ) as a growth regulator. Explants from one month old seedlings were cultivated in vitro; a large number of buds were induced directly from strips of leaves, cotyledons and stems when cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal medium containing TDZ and indole-butyric acid (IBA). Shoots that were excised and placed onto MS basal medium, supplemented with IBA, rooted with 85-90% efficiency. Plantlets were transferred to soil after 6-8 wk. TDZ stimulated the regeneration process, and its effects were enhanced when combined with IBA or indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). The methods developed may be a useful advance toward improvement of this oil seed crop through genetic modification.

KeywordsAgriculture, Multidisciplinary
Year of Publication2001
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Journal citation138 (3), pp. 329-332
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code411
501
ISSN00034746
PublisherWiley

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