Loss of decreased-rubisco phenotype between generations of wheat transformed with antisense and sense rbc S

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Mitchell, R. A. C., Joyce, P. A., Rong, H., Evans, V. J., Madgwick, P. J. and Parry, M. A. J. 2004. Loss of decreased-rubisco phenotype between generations of wheat transformed with antisense and sense rbc S. Annals of Applied Biology. 145 (2), pp. 209-216.

AuthorsMitchell, R. A. C., Joyce, P. A., Rong, H., Evans, V. J., Madgwick, P. J. and Parry, M. A. J.
Abstract

The elite UK winter wheat cv. Riband was transformed with constructs containing rbcS in sense and antisense orientations driven by the maize ubiquitin promoter with a transformation efficiency of 1.2%. Of 77 primary transformants 31% of the sense-rbcS transformed lines and 78% of the antisense-rbcS transformed lines had decreased rubisco content compared to wild-type and marker-only controls, with decreases of up to 60%. However, in the T1 progeny which inherited the transgene, only 5% showed significantly decreased rubisco content and these effects were on the margins of significance. Five potential T2 homozygous lines from T1 parents which had transgene segregation consistent with a single locus were identified. There was no significant decrease in rubisco content relative to wildtype in any of these lines (LSD of 8% for P = 0.05). Expression of antisense rbcS transgenes in two of these T2 lines was low but was increased following exposure of the plants to 37 degreesC for 48 h. However this did not induce a significant decrease in rubisco protein content relative to controls. Southern analysis of two antisense lines showed that they had low copy number and 1-2 insertion events. In one of the two lines there was increased methylation of the ubiquitin intron in T2 samples compared to the T0 primary transformant. Further work is required to establish whether methylation occurred in all the lines which lost the phenotype, and therefore the likelihood of this being the cause. The disappearance of the decreased rubisco-content phenotype between generations may therefore be attributable to (1) greater activity of the ubiquitin promoter due to greater stress in the T0 generation plants and/or (2) increased methylation of the transgene promoter region between generations.

KeywordsAgriculture, Multidisciplinary
Year of Publication2004
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Journal citation145 (2), pp. 209-216
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2004.tb00377.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code521
ISSN00034746
PublisherWiley

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