Prospects to improve the nutritional quality of crops

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Scharff, L. B., Saltenis, V. L. R., Jensen, P. E., Baekelandt, A., Burgess, A. J., Burow, M., Ceriotti, A., Cohan, J-P., Geu-Flores, F., Halkier, B., Haslam, R. P., Inze, D., Lankhorst, R. K., Murchie, E., Napier, J. A., Nacry, P., Parry, M. A. J., Santino, A., Scarano, A., Sparvoli, F., Wilhelm, R. and Pribil, M. 2021. Prospects to improve the nutritional quality of crops. Food and Energy Security. 2021, p. e327. https://doi.org/10.1002/fes3.327

AuthorsScharff, L. B., Saltenis, V. L. R., Jensen, P. E., Baekelandt, A., Burgess, A. J., Burow, M., Ceriotti, A., Cohan, J-P., Geu-Flores, F., Halkier, B., Haslam, R. P., Inze, D., Lankhorst, R. K., Murchie, E., Napier, J. A., Nacry, P., Parry, M. A. J., Santino, A., Scarano, A., Sparvoli, F., Wilhelm, R. and Pribil, M.
Abstract

A growing world population as well as the need to enhance sustainability and health create challenges for crop breeding. To address these challenges, not only quantitative but also qualitative improvements are needed, especially regarding the macro- and micronutrient composition and content. In this review, we describe different examples of how the nutritional quality of crops and the bioavailability of individual nutrients can be optimised. We focus on increasing protein content, the use of alternative protein crops and improving protein functionality. Furthermore, approaches to enhance the content of vitamins and minerals as well as healthy specialised metabolites and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids are considered. In addition, methods to reduce antinutrients and toxins are presented. These approaches could help to decrease the ‘hidden hunger’ caused by micronutrient deficiencies. Furthermore, a more diverse crop range with improved nutritional profile could help to shift to healthier and more sustainable plant-based diets.

KeywordsCrop improvement; Health; Nutrient composition; Plant breeding; Plant-based food; Protein content
Year of Publication2021
JournalFood and Energy Security
Journal citation2021, p. e327
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1002/fes3.327
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderEuropean Union
Funder project or codeEuropean Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme
Publisher's version
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online22 Oct 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted09 Sep 2021
PublisherWiley
ISSN2048-3694

Permalink - https://repository.rothamsted.ac.uk/item/98718/prospects-to-improve-the-nutritional-quality-of-crops

2 total views
0 total downloads
1 views this month
0 downloads this month
Download files as zip