Transgenic camelina oil is an effective source of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in diets for farmed rainbow trout, in terms of growth, tissue fatty acid content, and fillet sensory properties

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Osmond, A. T. Y., Arts, M. T., Bazinet, R. P., Napier, J. A., Han, L. and Colombo, S. M. 2021. Transgenic camelina oil is an effective source of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in diets for farmed rainbow trout, in terms of growth, tissue fatty acid content, and fillet sensory properties. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society. 54 (4), pp. 961-986. https://doi.org/10.1111/jwas.12788

AuthorsOsmond, A. T. Y., Arts, M. T., Bazinet, R. P., Napier, J. A., Han, L. and Colombo, S. M.
Abstract

The oilseed Camelina sativa was genetically engineered to produce eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) at levels similar to fish oil (FO), which we tested as a lipid source in diets for rainbow trout. Three experimental diets were tested, a FO control, a low‐level transgenic camelina oil (LCO) diet (no FO with 12.5 g/kg camelina), and a high‐level transgenic camelina oil (HCO) diet (no FO with 130 g/kg transgenic camelina). Trout (initial weight 49.8 ± 11 g/fish) were fed for 12 weeks and were evaluated for growth performance, fatty acid content (muscle, liver, brain, and eye), and sensory properties of fillets. The final lengths and weights of fish fed LCO and HCO diets were higher compared to fish fed FO. There were no differences in weight gain, condition factor, specific growth rate, feed intake, and feed conversion ratio. EPA in muscle tissue was higher in fish fed HCO and FO diets compared to the LCO diet. Compound‐specific stable isotope analysis revealed that rainbow trout fed the FO diet stored isotopically enriched DHA compared to the lighter DHA in fish fed HCO. Trout fillets from the HCO treatment were firmer in texture and had a higher orange intensity compared to the FO group.

KeywordsCamelina; DHA; EPA; Rainbow trout; Transgenic
Year of Publication2021
JournalJournal of the World Aquaculture Society
Journal citation54 (4), pp. 961-986
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/jwas.12788
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1111/jwas.12788
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeTPM - Tailoring Plant Metabolism - Work package 1 (WP1) - High value lipids for health and industry
Publisher's version
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online07 May 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted30 Mar 2021
PublisherWiley
ISSN1749-7345

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