Agriculture can help aquaculture become greener

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Napier, J. A., Haslam, R. P., Olsen, R-E., Tocher, D. R. and Betancor, M. B. 2020. Agriculture can help aquaculture become greener. Nature Food. 1, pp. 680-683.

AuthorsNapier, J. A., Haslam, R. P., Olsen, R-E., Tocher, D. R. and Betancor, M. B.

Aquaculture, the farming of fish and seafood, is now recognised as a highly efficient system to produce protein for human consumption. Furthermore, it is central to feeding an ever-growing growing global population without exceeding environmental constraints defined as planetary boundaries. In contrast, many terrestrial animal production systems are considered to be both inefficient and impacting on land use and climate change. This has led to suggestions that mankind needs to adopt a much more plant-centric diet, the only exception being fish, consumed as both a source of protein and essential dietary nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids. Here, we consider the implications of such a transition, and also the challenges that aquaculture must face to increase productivity within planetary boundaries. In particular we consider how agriculture, especially crops, can provide solutions for aquaculture. For example, agriculture can provide experience of managing monocultures and developing new technologies such as GM crops tailored specifically for use in aquaculture. We propose that a closer connection between agriculture and aquaculture will create a resilient food system capable of meeting increasing dietary and nutritional demands without exhausting planetary resources.

Year of Publication2020
JournalNature Food
Journal citation1, pp. 680-683
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeTPM - Tailoring Plant Metabolism - Work package 1 (WP1) - High value lipids for health and industry
Evaluating novel plant oilseeds enriched in omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids to support sustainable development of aquaculture
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online11 Nov 2020
PublisherNature Publishing Group

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