Rubisco specificity factor tends to be larger in plant species from drier habitats and in species with persistent leaves

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Galmes, J., Flexas, J., Keys, A. J., Cifre, J., Mitchell, R. A. C., Madgwick, P. J., Haslam, R. P., Medrano, H. and Parry, M. A. J. 2005. Rubisco specificity factor tends to be larger in plant species from drier habitats and in species with persistent leaves. Plant, Cell & Environment. 28 (5), pp. 571-579.

AuthorsGalmes, J., Flexas, J., Keys, A. J., Cifre, J., Mitchell, R. A. C., Madgwick, P. J., Haslam, R. P., Medrano, H. and Parry, M. A. J.
Abstract

The specificity factor of Rubisco is a measure of the relative capacities of the enzyme to catalyse carboxylation and oxygenation of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate and hence to control the relative rates of photosynthetic carbon assimilation and photorespiration. Specificity factors of purified Rubisco from 24 species of C-3 plants found in diverse habitats with a wide range of environmental growth limitations by both water availability and temperature in the Balearic Islands were measured at 25 degrees C. The results suggest that specificity factors are more dependent on environmental pressure than on phylogenetic factors. Irrespective of phylogenetic relationships, higher specificity factors were found in species characteristically growing in dryer environments and in species that are hemideciduous or evergreen. Effects of temperature on specificity factor of the purified enzyme from 14 species were consistent with the concept that higher specificity factors were associated with an increase in the activation energy for oxygenation compared to carboxylation of the 2,3-enediolate of RuBP to the respective transition state intermediates. The results are discussed in terms of selection pressures leading to the differences in specificity factors and the value of the observations for identifying useful genetic manipulation to change Rubisco polypeptide subunits.

KeywordsPlant Sciences
Year of Publication2005
JournalPlant, Cell & Environment
Journal citation28 (5), pp. 571-579
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.2005.01300.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code502
521
ISSN01407791
PublisherWiley

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