Plant Biology

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Reich, M., Van Den Meerakker, A. N., Parmar, S., Hawkesford, M. J. and De Kok, L. J. 2016. Plant Biology. Plant Biology. 18(Supplement 1), pp. 63-75.

AuthorsReich, M., Van Den Meerakker, A. N., Parmar, S., Hawkesford, M. J. and De Kok, L. J.

Rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations (e[CO2]) are presumed to have a significant impact on plant growth and yield and also on mineral nutrient composition, and therefore, on nutritional quality of crops and vegetables. To assess the relevance of these effects in future agroecosystems it is important to understand how e[CO2] interacts with other environmental factors. In the present study, we examined the interactive effects of e[CO2] with temperature and the form in which nitrogen is supplied (nitrate or ammonium nitrate) on growth, amino acid content and mineral nutrient composition of Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis Rupr.), a crop characterised by its high nutritional value and increasing relevance for human nutrition in many developing countries. Higher temperature, ammonium nitrate and e[CO2] had a positive impact on net photosynthesis and growth. A stimulating effect of e[CO2] on growth was only observed if the temperature was high (21/18 degrees C, day/night), and an interaction of e[CO2] with N form was only observed if the temperature was ambient (15/12 degrees C, day/night). Mineral nutrient composition was affected in a complex manner by all three factors and their interaction. These results demonstrate how much the effect of e[CO2] on mineral quality of crops depends on other environmental factors. Changes in temperature, adapting N fertilisation and the oxidation state of N have the potential to counteract the mineral depletion caused by e[CO2].

KeywordsPlant Sciences
Year of Publication2016
JournalPlant Biology
Journal citation18(Supplement 1), pp. 63-75
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
PubMed ID26390257
Open accessPublished as bronze (free) open access
FunderMarie Sklodowska Curie Initial Training Network BIONUT
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeWheat
[20:20 Wheat] Maximising yield potential of wheat

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