Steve McGrath

NameSteve McGrath
Job titlePrincipal Research Scientist - Head of Department for Sustainable Agriculture Sciences - Harpenden
Email addresssteve.mcgrath@rothamsted.ac.uk
DepartmentSustainable Agriculture Sciences Harpenden
Research clusterSAS-H: Agronomy and Nutrient Flows
ORCIDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0952-8947
Preferred citationMcGrath, S. P.
OfficeHarpenden

Research outputs

Yield responses of arable crops to liming - An evaluation of relationships between yields and soil pH from a long-term liming experiment

Holland, J. E., White, P. J., Glendining, M. J., Goulding, K. W. T. and McGrath, S. P. 2019. Yield responses of arable crops to liming - An evaluation of relationships between yields and soil pH from a long-term liming experiment. European Journal of Agronomy. 105 (April), pp. 176-188.

Long-term effects of biosolids on soil quality and fertility

Nicholson, F, Boghal, A., Taylor, M., McGrath, S. P. and Withers, P. 2018. Long-term effects of biosolids on soil quality and fertility. Soil Science. 183 (3), pp. 89-98.

Optimising sulphur management to maximise oilseed rape yields and farm profitability (OPTI-S): Project Report No. 595

Saggo, E., Berry, P., Munro, D, Williams, J.R., McGrath, S. P. and Dunham, S. J. 2018. Optimising sulphur management to maximise oilseed rape yields and farm profitability (OPTI-S): Project Report No. 595. Kenilworth HGCA/AHDB, Stoneleigh.

Risk of Silver Transfer from Soil to the Food Chain Is Low after Long-Term (20 Years) Field Applications of Sewage Sludge

Wang, P., Menzies, N. W., Chen, H., Yang, X., McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Kopittke, P. M. 2018. Risk of Silver Transfer from Soil to the Food Chain Is Low after Long-Term (20 Years) Field Applications of Sewage Sludge. Environmental Science & Technology. 52 (8), pp. 4901-4909.

Effective methods to reduce cadmium accumulation in rice grain

Chen, H., Zhang, W., Yang, X., Wang, P., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2018. Effective methods to reduce cadmium accumulation in rice grain. Chemosphere. 207, pp. 699-707.

Cadmium transfer from soil to plants and its potential risk to human health

Wang, P., Kopittke, P. M., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2017. Cadmium transfer from soil to plants and its potential risk to human health. in: Singh, B. R., Mclaughlin, M. J. and Brevik, E. (ed.) The Nexus of Soils, Plants, Animals and Human Health E Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung. pp. 138-147

Determining the fate of selenium in wheat biofortification: an isotopically labelled field trial study

Mathers, A. W., Young, S. D., McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J., Crout, N. M. J. and Bailey, E. H. 2017. Determining the fate of selenium in wheat biofortification: an isotopically labelled field trial study. Plant and Soil. 420 (1-2), pp. 61-77.

A comparison of soil tests for available phosphorus in long-term field experiments in Europe

Nawara, S., Van Dael, T., Merckx, R., Amery, F., Elsen, A., Odeurs, W., Vandendriessche, H., McGrath, S. P., Roisin, C., Jouany, C., Pellerin, S., Denoroy, P., Eichler-Lobermann, B., Borjesson, G., Goos, P., Akkermans, W. and Smolders, E. 2017. A comparison of soil tests for available phosphorus in long-term field experiments in Europe. European Journal of Soil Science. 68 (6), pp. 873-885.

Mineral Availability as a Key Regulator of Soil Carbon Storage

Yu, G., Xiao, J., Hu, S., Polizzotto, M. L., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Li, H., Ran, W. and Shen, Q. 2017. Mineral Availability as a Key Regulator of Soil Carbon Storage. Environmental Science & Technology. 51 (9), pp. 4960-4969.

Historical trends in iodine and selenium in soil and herbage at the Park Grass Experiment, Rothamsted Research, UK

Bowley, H. E., Mathers, A. W., Young, S. D., Macdonald, A. J., Ander, E. L., Watts, M. J., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Crout, N. M. J. and Bailey, E. H. 2017. Historical trends in iodine and selenium in soil and herbage at the Park Grass Experiment, Rothamsted Research, UK. Soil Use and Management. 33 (2), pp. 252-262.

Selenium deficiency risk predicted to increase under future climate change

Jones, G. D., Droz, B., Greve, P., Gottschalk, P., Poffet, D., McGrath, S. P., Seneviratne, S. I., Smith, P. and Winkel, L. H. E. 2017. Selenium deficiency risk predicted to increase under future climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 114 (11), pp. 2848-2853.

Phosphate stable oxygen isotope variability within a temperate agricultural soil

Granger, S. J., Harris, P., Peukert, S., Guo, R., Tamburini, F., Blackwell, M. S. A., Howden, N. J. K. and McGrath, S. P. 2017. Phosphate stable oxygen isotope variability within a temperate agricultural soil. Geoderma. 285, pp. 64-75.

Long-term impact of sewage sludge application on soil microbial biomass: An evaluation using meta-analysis

Charlton, A., Sakrabani, R., Tyrrel, S., Casado, M. R., McGrath, S. P., Crooks, B., Cooper, P. and Campbell, C. D. 2016. Long-term impact of sewage sludge application on soil microbial biomass: An evaluation using meta-analysis. Environmental Pollution. 219, pp. 1021-1035.

Long-Term Impact of Field Applications of Sewage Sludge on Soil Antibiotic Resistome

Xie, W-Y., McGrath, S. P., Su, J. Q., Hirsch, P. R., Clark, I. M., Shen, Q., Zhu, Y-G. and Zhao, F-J. 2016. Long-Term Impact of Field Applications of Sewage Sludge on Soil Antibiotic Resistome. Environmental Science & Technology. 50 (23), pp. 12602-12611.

Morphological responses of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) roots to phosphorus supply in two contrasting soils

Yuan, H-M., Blackwell, M. S. A., McGrath, S. P., George, T. S., Granger, S. H., Hawkins, J. M. B., Dunham, S. and Shen, J. B. 2016. Morphological responses of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) roots to phosphorus supply in two contrasting soils. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 154 (1), pp. 98-108.

Derivation of ecological standards for risk assessment of molybdate in soil

Oorts, K., Smolders, E., McGrath, S. P., Van Gestel, C. A. M., Mclaughlin, M. J. and Carey, S. 2016. Derivation of ecological standards for risk assessment of molybdate in soil. Environmental Chemistry. 13 (1), pp. 168-180.

Population collapse of Lumbricus terrestris in conventional arable cultivations and response to straw applications

Stroud, J. L., Irons, D. E., Watts, C. W., White, R. P., McGrath, S. P. and Whitmore, A. P. 2016. Population collapse of Lumbricus terrestris in conventional arable cultivations and response to straw applications. Applied Soil Ecology. 108, pp. 72-75.

Long-term impact of sewage sludge application on Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii: an evaluation using meta-analysis

Charlton, A., Sakrabani, R., McGrath, S. P. and Campbell, C. D. 2016. Long-term impact of sewage sludge application on Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii: an evaluation using meta-analysis. Journal of Environmental Quality. 45, pp. 1572-1587.

Nanoparticles within WWTP sludges have minimal impact on leachate quality and soil microbial community structure and function

Durenkamp, M., Pawlett, M., Ritz, K., Harris, J. A., Neal, A. L. and McGrath, S. P. 2016. Nanoparticles within WWTP sludges have minimal impact on leachate quality and soil microbial community structure and function. Environmental Pollution. 211, pp. 399-405.

Towards bioavailability-based soil criteria: past, present and future perspectives

Naidu, R., Channey, R., Mcconnell, S., Johnston, N., Semple, K. T., McGrath, S. P., Dries, V., Nathanail, P., Harmsen, J., Pruszinski, A., Macmillan, J. and Palanisami, T. 2015. Towards bioavailability-based soil criteria: past, present and future perspectives. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 22, pp. 8779-8785.

Using 31P-NMR to investigate dynamics of soil phosphorus compounds in the Rothamsted Long Term Experiments

Blackwell, M. S. A., Turner, B., Granger, S. J., Hooper, A. M., Darch, T., Hawkins, J. M. B., Yuan, H. and McGrath, S. P. 2015. Using 31P-NMR to investigate dynamics of soil phosphorus compounds in the Rothamsted Long Term Experiments. EGU.

Nanomaterials in biosolids inhibit nodulation, shift microbial community composition, and result in increased metal uptake relative to bulk/dissolved metals

Judy, J. D., Mcnear, D. H. Jr., Chen, C., Lewis, R. W., Tsyusko, O. V., Bertsch, P. M., Rao, W., Stegemeier, J., Lowry, G. V., McGrath, S. P., Durenkamp, M. and Unrine, J. M. 2015. Nanomaterials in biosolids inhibit nodulation, shift microbial community composition, and result in increased metal uptake relative to bulk/dissolved metals. Environmental Science & Technology. 49, pp. 8751-8758.

Distribution of the stable isotopes 57Fe and 68Zn in grain tissues of various wheat lines differing in their phytate content

Xue, Y-F., Xia, H-Y., McGrath, S. P., Shewry, P. R. and Zhao, F-J. 2015. Distribution of the stable isotopes 57Fe and 68Zn in grain tissues of various wheat lines differing in their phytate content. Plant and Soil. 396, pp. 73-83.

Soil pH determines microbial diversity and composition in the Park Grass Experiment

Zhalnina, K., Dias, R., De Quadros, P. D., Davis-Richardson, A., Camargo, F. A. O., Clark, I. M., McGrath, S. P., Hirsch, P. R. and Triplett, E. W. 2015. Soil pH determines microbial diversity and composition in the Park Grass Experiment. Microbial Ecology. 69, pp. 395-406.

Over 150 years of long-term fertilization alters spatial scaling of microbial biodiversity

Liang, Y., Wu, Liyou, Clark, I. M., Xue, K., Yang, Y., Van Nostrand, J. D., Deng, Y., He, Z., McGrath, S. P., Storkey, J., Hirsch, P. R., Sun, B. and Zhou, J. 2015. Over 150 years of long-term fertilization alters spatial scaling of microbial biodiversity. mBio. 6, pp. e00240-15.

Concentrations of metals and metalloids in soils that have the potential to lead to exceedance of maximum limit concentrations of contaminants in food and feed

McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2015. Concentrations of metals and metalloids in soils that have the potential to lead to exceedance of maximum limit concentrations of contaminants in food and feed. Soil Use and Management. 31 (Suppl. 1), pp. 34-45.

A review of the impacts of degradation threats on soil properties in the UK

Gregory, A. S., Ritz, K., McGrath, S. P., Quinton, J. N., Goulding, K. W. T., Jones, R. J. A., Harris, J. A., Bol, R., Wallace, P., Pilgrim, E. S. and Whitmore, A. P. 2015. A review of the impacts of degradation threats on soil properties in the UK. Soil Use and Management. 31 (Suppl. 1), pp. 1-15.

Non-labile silver species in biosolids remain stable throughout 50 years of weathering and ageing

Donner, E., Scheckel, K., Sekine, R., Popelka-Filcoff, R. S., Bennett, J. W., Brunetti, G., Naidu, R., McGrath, S. P. and Lombi, E. 2015. Non-labile silver species in biosolids remain stable throughout 50 years of weathering and ageing. Environmental Pollution. 205, pp. 78-86.

Biosolids: soil quality and fertility benefits. UKWIR Report Ref. No. 15/SL/01/8

Bhogal, A., McGrath, S. P., Nicholson, F., Taylor, M. and Withers, P. 2015. Biosolids: soil quality and fertility benefits. UKWIR Report Ref. No. 15/SL/01/8. UK Water Industry Research, London.

The role of nodes in arsenic storage and distribution in rice

Chen, Y., Moore, K. L., Miller, A. J., McGrath, S. P., Ma, J. F. and Zhao, F-J. 2015. The role of nodes in arsenic storage and distribution in rice. Journal of Experimental Botany. 66, pp. 3717-3724.

The Rothamsted Long-term Experiments

Macdonald, A. J., Powlson, D. S., Poulton, P. R., Watts, C. W., Clark, I. M., Storkey, J., Hawkins, N. J., Glendining, M. J., Goulding, K. W. T. and McGrath, S. P. 2015. The Rothamsted Long-term Experiments. Valuing long-term sites and experiments for agriculture and ecology. Aspects of Applied Biology 128 . Association of Applied Biologists (AAB) Wellesbourne Warwick . pp. 1-10

Monte Carlo simulations of the transformation and removal of Ag, TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles in wastewater treatment and land application of biosolids

Barton, L. E., Auffan, M., Durenkamp, M., McGrath, S. P., Bottero, J-Y. and Wiesner, M. R. 2015. Monte Carlo simulations of the transformation and removal of Ag, TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles in wastewater treatment and land application of biosolids. Science of the Total Environment. 511, pp. 535-543.

Soil contamination in China: current status and mitigation strategies

Zhao, F-J., Ma, Y., Zhu, Y-G., Tang, Z. and McGrath, S. P. 2015. Soil contamination in China: current status and mitigation strategies. Environmental Science & Technology. 49 (2), pp. 750-759.

Understanding the bioavailability of new and old phosphorus to crops

McGrath, S. P., Blackwell, M. S. A., Comans, R. N. J., Koopmans, G. F., Van Dijk, K. C., Van Rotterdam, D., Bussink, W., Delgado, A., Gustafsson, J. P., Merckx, R., Smolders, E., Frossard, E. and Oberson, A. 2014. Understanding the bioavailability of new and old phosphorus to crops.

Changes in wheat root morphology under different phosphorus fertiliser supply rates

Blackwell, M. S. A., Yuan, H., McGrath, S. P., Granger, S. J., Hawkins, J. M. B., Dunham, S. J., Hooper, A. M., George, T. and Shen, J. 2014. Changes in wheat root morphology under different phosphorus fertiliser supply rates. Abstracts 5th Conference on Phosphorus in Soils and Plants, Montpellier, 26-29 August 2014 . pp. P242

Sulphur availability from organic materials applied to winter wheat

Sagoo, L., Smith, K. A., Nicholson, F. A. and McGrath, S. P. 2014. Sulphur availability from organic materials applied to winter wheat. Proceedings of the International Fertiliser Society 742. International Fertiliser Society (IFS). pp. 26pp

Lead in rice: analysis of baseline lead levels in market and field collected rice grains

Norton, G. J., Williams, P. N., Adomako, E. E., Price, A. H., Zhu, Y., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Deacon, C. M., Villada, A., Sommella, A., Lu, Y., Ming, L., De Silva, P. M. C. S., Brammer, H., Dasgupta, T., Islam, M. R. and Meharg, A. A. 2014. Lead in rice: analysis of baseline lead levels in market and field collected rice grains. Science of the Total Environment. 485-486, pp. 428-434.

Selenium speciation in malt, wort and beer made from selenium-biofortified two-rowed barley grain

Rodrigo, S., Santamaria, O., Chen, Y., McGrath, S. P. and Poblaciones, M. J. 2014. Selenium speciation in malt, wort and beer made from selenium-biofortified two-rowed barley grain. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 62, pp. 5948-5953.

Genome wide association mapping of grain arsenic, copper, molybdenum and zinc in rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown at four international field sites

Norton, G. J., Douglas, A., Lahner, B., Yakubova, E., Guerinot, M. L., Pinson, S. R. M., Tarpley, L., Eizenga, G. C., McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J., Islam, M. R., Islam, S., Duan, G., Zhu, Y., Salt, D. E., Meharg, A. A. and Price, A. H. 2014. Genome wide association mapping of grain arsenic, copper, molybdenum and zinc in rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown at four international field sites. PLOS ONE. 9, p. e89685.

Effects of nitrogen on the distribution and chemical speciation of iron and zinc in pearling fractions of wheat grain

Xue, Y-F., Eagling, T., He, J., Zou, C-Q., McGrath, S. P., Shewry, P. R. and Zhao, F-J. 2014. Effects of nitrogen on the distribution and chemical speciation of iron and zinc in pearling fractions of wheat grain. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 62, pp. 4738-4746.

Effect of sulphur fertilisation on the acrylamide-forming potential of wheat (HGCA Project Report No. 525)

Curtis, T., Halford, N. G., Powers, S. J., McGrath, S. P. and Zazzeroni, R. 2014. Effect of sulphur fertilisation on the acrylamide-forming potential of wheat (HGCA Project Report No. 525). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) Stoneleigh.

Selenium accumulation and speciation in biofortified chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under Mediterranean conditions

Poblaciones, M. J., Rodrigo, S., Santamaria, O., Chen, Y. and McGrath, S. P. 2014. Selenium accumulation and speciation in biofortified chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under Mediterranean conditions. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 94 (6), pp. 1101-1106.

Distribution and speciation of iron and zinc in grain of two wheat genotypes

Eagling, T., Neal, A. L., McGrath, S. P., Fairweather-Tait, S., Shewry, P. R. and Zhao, F-J. 2014. Distribution and speciation of iron and zinc in grain of two wheat genotypes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 62, pp. 708-716.

Silicon has opposite effects on the accumulation of inorganic and methylated arsenic species in rice

Liu, W-J., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2014. Silicon has opposite effects on the accumulation of inorganic and methylated arsenic species in rice. Plant and Soil. 376, pp. 423-431.

Combined NanoSIMS and synchrotron X-ray fluorescence reveal distinct cellular and subcellular distribution patterns of trace elements in rice tissues

Moore, K. L., Chen, Y., Van De Meene, A. M. L., Hughes, L., Liu, W., Geraki, T., Mosselmans, F., McGrath, S. P., Grovenor, C. and Zhao, F-J. 2014. Combined NanoSIMS and synchrotron X-ray fluorescence reveal distinct cellular and subcellular distribution patterns of trace elements in rice tissues. New Phytologist. 201 (1), pp. 104-115.

Agronomic selenium biofortification in Triticum durum under Mediterranean conditions: from grain to cooked pasta

Poblaciones, M. J., Rodrigo, S., Santamaria, O., Chen, Y. and McGrath, S. P. 2014. Agronomic selenium biofortification in Triticum durum under Mediterranean conditions: from grain to cooked pasta. Food Chemistry. 146, pp. 378-384.

Biofortification of field crops with selenium in Mediterranean conditions

McGrath, S. P., Poblaciones, M. J. and Rodrigo, S. M. 2014. Biofortification of field crops with selenium in Mediterranean conditions. Yin, X., Lin, Z-Q. and Banuelos, G. S. (ed.) Selenium in the environment and human health . Taylor & Francis, London. pp. 115-117

Current status of soils and responsiveness of wheat to micronutrient applications (HGCA Project Report No. 518)

McGrath, S. P., Stobart, R., Blake-Kalff, M. M. A. and Zhao, F-J. 2013. Current status of soils and responsiveness of wheat to micronutrient applications (HGCA Project Report No. 518). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) Stoneleigh.

Responses of high-yielding wheat to micronutrient applications

McGrath, S. P. 2013. Responses of high-yielding wheat to micronutrient applications. National Institute of Agricultural Botany, (NIAB) Cambridge .

Understanding arsenic bioavailability to rice grown in flooded fields

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J., Yan, J., Ma, J., Wu, Liang, Harris, E., Zhou, J. and Zhu, Y-G. 2013. Understanding arsenic bioavailability to rice grown in flooded fields. Proceedings 7th International Workshop on Chemical Bioavailability in the Terrestrial Environment, Keyworth, 3-6 November 2013 . pp. 70-71

Variation in arsenic methylation in soils and rice plants

Zhao, F-J., Harris, E., Yan, J., Ma, J., Wu, Liyou, Liu, W., McGrath, S. P., Zhou, J. and Zhu, Y-G. 2013. Variation in arsenic methylation in soils and rice plants. Abstracts 12th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Athens, Georgia, 16-20 June 2013 .

Arsenic methylation in soils and its relationship with microbial arsM abundance and diversity, and as speciation in rice

Zhao, F-J., Harris, E., Yan, J., Ma, J., Wu, Liyou, Liu, W., McGrath, S. P., Zhou, J. and Zhu, Y-G. 2013. Arsenic methylation in soils and its relationship with microbial arsM abundance and diversity, and as speciation in rice. Environmental Science & Technology. 47, pp. 7147-7154.

Variation in rice cadmium related to human exposure

Meharg, A. A., Norton, G., Deacon, C., Williams, P., Adomako, E. E., Price, A., Zhu, Y., Li, G., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Villada, A., Sommella, A., De Silva, P. M. C. S., Brammer, H., Dasgupta, T. and Islam, M. R. 2013. Variation in rice cadmium related to human exposure. Environmental Science & Technology. 47, pp. 5613-5618.

Ca. Nitrososphaera and Bradyrhizobium are inversely correlated and related to agricultural practices in long-term field experiments

Zhalnina, K., De Quadros, P. D., Gano, K. A., Davis-Richardson, A., Fagen, J. R., Brown, C. T., Giongo, A., Drew, J. C., Sayavedra-Soto, L. A., Arp, D. J., Camargo, F. A. O., Daroub, S. H., Clark, I. M., McGrath, S. P., Hirsch, P. R. and Triplett, E. W. 2013. Ca. Nitrososphaera and Bradyrhizobium are inversely correlated and related to agricultural practices in long-term field experiments. Frontiers in Microbiology. 4, p. 104.

High resolution SIMS analysis of arsenic in rice

Moore, K. L., Hawes, C. R., McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Grovenor, C. R. M. 2013. High resolution SIMS analysis of arsenic in rice. Surface and Interface Analysis. 45 (1), pp. 309-311.

Historical arsenic contamination of soil due to long-term phosphate fertiliser applications

Hartley, T. N., Macdonald, A. J., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2013. Historical arsenic contamination of soil due to long-term phosphate fertiliser applications. Environmental Pollution. 180, pp. 259-264.

Modelling the effects of copper on soil organisms and processes using the free ion approach: towards a multi-species toxicity model

Lofts, S., Criel, P., Janssen, C. R., Lock, K., McGrath, S. P., Oorts, K., Rooney, C. P., Smolders, E., Spurgeon, D. J., Svendsen, C., Van Eeckhout, H. and Zhao, F-J. 2013. Modelling the effects of copper on soil organisms and processes using the free ion approach: towards a multi-species toxicity model. Environmental Pollution. 178, pp. 244-253.

Evidence for effects of manufactured nanomaterials on crops is inconclusive

Lombi, E., Nowack, B., Baun, A. and McGrath, S. P. 2012. Evidence for effects of manufactured nanomaterials on crops is inconclusive. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 109, p. E3336.

Phytochelatins play a key role in arsenic accumulation and tolerance in the aquatic macrophyte Wolffia globosa

Zhang, X., Uroic, M. K., Xie, W-Y., Zhu, Y-G., Chen, B-D., McGrath, S. P., Feldmann, J. and Zhao, F-J. 2012. Phytochelatins play a key role in arsenic accumulation and tolerance in the aquatic macrophyte Wolffia globosa. Environmental Pollution. 165, pp. 18-24.

Grain and shoot zinc accumulation in winter wheat affected by nitrogen management

Xue, Y-F., Yue, S-C., Zhang, Y-Q., Cui, Z-L., Chen, X-P., Yang, F-C., Cakmak, I., McGrath, S. P., Zhang, F-S. and Zou, C-Q. 2012. Grain and shoot zinc accumulation in winter wheat affected by nitrogen management. Plant and Soil. 361, pp. 153-163.

Contrasting effects of dwarfing alleles and nitrogen availability on mineral concentrations in wheat grain

Gooding, M. J., Fan, M., McGrath, S. P., Shewry, P. R. and Zhao, F-J. 2012. Contrasting effects of dwarfing alleles and nitrogen availability on mineral concentrations in wheat grain. Plant and Soil. 360, pp. 93-107.

Selenium hyperaccumulator plants Stanleya pinnata and Astragalus bisulcatus are colonized by Se-resistant, Se-excluding wasp and beetle seed herbivores

Freeman, J. L., Marcus, M. A., Fakra, S. C., Devonshire, J., McGrath, S. P., Quinn, C. F. and Pilon-Smits, E. A. H. 2012. Selenium hyperaccumulator plants Stanleya pinnata and Astragalus bisulcatus are colonized by Se-resistant, Se-excluding wasp and beetle seed herbivores. PLOS ONE. 7, p. e50516.

Remediation of contaminated soils

McGrath, S. P. 2012. Remediation of contaminated soils. Abstracts SESEH 2012: 2012 Sino-European Symposium on Environment and Health, Galway, 20-25 August 2012 . pp. 62

Biofortification of zinc in wheat grain by the application of sewage sludge

McGrath, S. P., Chambers, B. J., Taylor, M. J. and Carlton-Smith, C. H. 2012. Biofortification of zinc in wheat grain by the application of sewage sludge. Plant and Soil. 361, pp. 97-108.

Mobility of arsenic in irrigated rice systems on floodplain soils

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J., Stroud, J. L. and Khan, A. 2012. Mobility of arsenic in irrigated rice systems on floodplain soils. Abstracts 4th International Congress Eurosoil 2102, Bari, 2-6 July 2012 .

Long-term field experiments examining soil and crop quality after sewage sludge applications

McGrath, S. P. 2012. Long-term field experiments examining soil and crop quality after sewage sludge applications. Abstracts 4th International Congress Eurosoil 2012, Bari, 2-6 July 2012 .

Knocking out ACR2 does not affect arsenic redox status in Arabidopsis thaliana: implications for As detoxification and accumulation in plants

Liu, W., Schat, H., Bliek, M., Chen, Y., McGrath, S. P., George, G., Salt, D. E. and Zhao, F-J. 2012. Knocking out ACR2 does not affect arsenic redox status in Arabidopsis thaliana: implications for As detoxification and accumulation in plants. PLOS ONE. 7, p. e42408.

Long-term removal of wheat straw decreases soil amorphous silica at Broadbalk winter wheat experiment, Rothamsted

Guntzer, F., Keller, C., Poulton, P. R., McGrath, S. P. and Meunier, J-D. 2012. Long-term removal of wheat straw decreases soil amorphous silica at Broadbalk winter wheat experiment, Rothamsted. Abstracts 4th International Congress Eurosoil 2012, Bari, 2-6 July 2012 . pp. 80

A multi-technique investigation of copper and zinc distribution, speciation and potential bioavailability in biosolids

Donner, E., Ryan, C. G., Howard, D. L., Zarcinas, B., Scheckel, K. G., McGrath, S. P., De Jonge, M. D., Paterson, D., Naidu, R. and Lombi, E. 2012. A multi-technique investigation of copper and zinc distribution, speciation and potential bioavailability in biosolids. Environmental Pollution. 166, pp. 57-64.

The advanced soil geochemical atlas of England and Wales

Rawlins, B. G., McGrath, S. P., Scheib, A. J., Breward, N., Cave, M., Lister, T. R., Ingham, M., Gowing, C. and Carter, S. 2012. The advanced soil geochemical atlas of England and Wales. British Geological Survey (BGS).

Localisation of iron in wheat grain using high resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry

Moore, K. L., Zhao, F-J., Gritsch, C. S., Tosi, P., Hawkesford, M. J., McGrath, S. P., Shewry, P. R. and Grovenor, C. R. M. 2012. Localisation of iron in wheat grain using high resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry. Journal of Cereal Science. 55 (2), pp. 183-187.

Long-term removal of wheat straw decreases soil amorphous silica at Broadbalk, Rothamsted

Guntzer, F., Keller, C., Poulton, P. R., McGrath, S. P. and Meunier, J-D. 2012. Long-term removal of wheat straw decreases soil amorphous silica at Broadbalk, Rothamsted. Plant and Soil. 352 (1-2), pp. 173-184.

Selenium speciation in soil extracts using LC-ICP-MS

Stroud, J. L., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2012. Selenium speciation in soil extracts using LC-ICP-MS. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry. 92, pp. 222-236.

Effect of long-term equilibration on the toxicity of molybdenum to soil organisms

Van Gestel, C. A. M., McGrath, S. P., Smolders, E., Diez Ortiz, M., Borgman, E., Verweij, R. A., Buekers, J. and Oorts, K. 2012. Effect of long-term equilibration on the toxicity of molybdenum to soil organisms. Environmental Pollution. 162, pp. 1-7.

Variation in grain arsenic assessed in a diverse panel of rice (Oryza sativa) grown in multiple sites

Norton, G. J., Pinson, S. R. M., Alexander, J., Mckay, S., Hansen, H., Duan, G-L., Islam, M. R., Islam, S., Stroud, J. L., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Zhu, Y-G., Lahner, B., Yakubova, E., Guerinot, M. L., Tarpley, L., Eizenga, G. C., Salt, D. E., Meharg, A. A. and Price, A. H. 2012. Variation in grain arsenic assessed in a diverse panel of rice (Oryza sativa) grown in multiple sites. New Phytologist. 193 (3), pp. 650-664.

Methylated arsenic species in plants originate from soil microorganisms

Lomax, C., Liu, W-J., Wu, Liyou, Xue, K., Xiong, J., Zhou, J., McGrath, S. P., Meharg, A. A., Miller, A. J. and Zhao, F-J. 2012. Methylated arsenic species in plants originate from soil microorganisms. New Phytologist. 193 (3), pp. 665-672.

Arsenic translocation in rice investigated using radioactive 73As tracer

Zhao, F-J., Stroud, J. L., Khan, M. A. and McGrath, S. P. 2012. Arsenic translocation in rice investigated using radioactive 73As tracer. Plant and Soil. 350, pp. 413-420.

Phytoremediation of arsenic contaminated paddy soils with Pteris vittata markedly reduces arsenic uptake by rice

Ye, W-L., Khan, M. A., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2011. Phytoremediation of arsenic contaminated paddy soils with Pteris vittata markedly reduces arsenic uptake by rice. Environmental Pollution. 159, pp. 3739-3743.

Increasing grain Zn in wheat by the application of sewage sludge

McGrath, S. P., Chambers, B. J., Taylor, M. J. and Carlton-Smith, C. H. 2011. Increasing grain Zn in wheat by the application of sewage sludge. Abstracts 3rd International Zinc Symposium, Hyderabad, 10-14 october 2011 .

Evaluation of an electrostatic toxicity model for predicting Ni2+ toxicity to barley root elongation in hydroponic cultures and in soils

Wang, P., Kopittke, P. M., De Schamphelaere, K. A. C., Zhao, F-J., Zhou, D-M., Lock, K., Ma, Y-B., Peijnenburg, W. J. G. M. and McGrath, S. P. 2011. Evaluation of an electrostatic toxicity model for predicting Ni2+ toxicity to barley root elongation in hydroponic cultures and in soils. New Phytologist. 192 (2), pp. 414-427.

Investigating the contribution of the phosphate transport pathway to arsenic accumulation in rice

Wu, Z., Ren, H., McGrath, S. P., Wu, P. and Zhao, F-J. 2011. Investigating the contribution of the phosphate transport pathway to arsenic accumulation in rice. Plant Physiology. 157, pp. 498-508.

High-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry reveals the contrasting subcellular distribution of arsenic and silicon in rice roots

Moore, K. L., Schroder, M., Wu, Z., Martin, B. G. H., Hawes, C. R., McGrath, S. P., Hawkesford, M. J., Ma, J. F., Zhao, F-J. and Grovenor, C. R. M. 2011. High-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry reveals the contrasting subcellular distribution of arsenic and silicon in rice roots. Plant Physiology. 156, pp. 913-924.

Development of a real-time PCR assay for detection and quantification of Rhizobium leguminosarum bacteria and discrimination between different biovars in zinc-contaminated soil

Macdonald, C. A., Clark, I. M., Hirsch, P. R., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2011. Development of a real-time PCR assay for detection and quantification of Rhizobium leguminosarum bacteria and discrimination between different biovars in zinc-contaminated soil. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77, pp. 4626-4633.

Assessing the labile arsenic pool in contaminated paddy soils by isotopic dilution techniques and simple extractions

Stroud, J. L., Khan, M. A., Norton, G. J., Islam, M. R., Dasgupta, T., Zhu, Y-G., Price, A. H., Meharg, A. A., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2011. Assessing the labile arsenic pool in contaminated paddy soils by isotopic dilution techniques and simple extractions. Environmental Science & Technology. 45, pp. 4262-4269.

Long-term impacts of zinc and copper enriched sewage sludge additions on bacterial, archaeal and fungal communities in arable and grassland soils

Macdonald, C. A., Clark, I. M., Zhao, F-J., Hirsch, P. R., Singh, B. K. and McGrath, S. P. 2011. Long-term impacts of zinc and copper enriched sewage sludge additions on bacterial, archaeal and fungal communities in arable and grassland soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 43, pp. 932-941.

Selenium concentration and speciation in biofortified flour and bread: retention of selenium during grain biofortification, processing and production of Se-enriched food

Hart, D. J., Fairweather-Tait, S. J., Broadley, M. R., Dickinson, S. J., Foot, I., Knott, P., McGrath, S. P., Mowat, H., Norman, K., Scott, P. R., Stroud, J. L., Tucker, M., White, P. J., Zhao, F-J. and Hurst, R. 2011. Selenium concentration and speciation in biofortified flour and bread: retention of selenium during grain biofortification, processing and production of Se-enriched food. Food Chemistry. 126, pp. 1771-1778.

The dynamics of arsenic in four paddy fields in the Bengal delta

Stroud, J. L., Norton, G. J., Islam, M. R., Dasgupta, T., White, R. P., Price, A. H., Meharg, A. A., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2011. The dynamics of arsenic in four paddy fields in the Bengal delta. Environmental Pollution. 159, pp. 947-953.

Selenium speciation in soil and rice: influence of water management and Se fertilization

Li, H-F., Lombi, E., Stroud, J. L., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2010. Selenium speciation in soil and rice: influence of water management and Se fertilization. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 58 (22), pp. 11837-11843.

Arsenic bioavailability to rice is elevated in Bangladeshi paddy soils

Khan, M. A., Stroud, J. L., Zhu, Y-G., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2010. Arsenic bioavailability to rice is elevated in Bangladeshi paddy soils. Environmental Science & Technology. 44, pp. 8515-8521.

Arsenic speciation in phloem and xylem exudates of castor bean

Ye, W-L., Wood, B. A., Stroud, J. L., Andralojc, P. J., Raab, A., McGrath, S. P., Feldmann, J. and Zhao, F-J. 2010. Arsenic speciation in phloem and xylem exudates of castor bean. Plant Physiology. 154, pp. 1505-1513.

Arsenic influence on genetic variation in grain trace-element nutrient content in Bengal delta grown rice

Norton, G. J., Dasgupta, T., Islam, M. R., Islam, S., Deacon, C. M., Zhao, F-J., Stroud, J. L., McGrath, S. P., Feldmann, J., Price, A. H. and Meharg, A. A. 2010. Arsenic influence on genetic variation in grain trace-element nutrient content in Bengal delta grown rice. Environmental Science & Technology. 44, pp. 8284-8288.

Bioavailability of metals and organic contaminants in soils

McGrath, S. P. and Semple, K. T. 2010. Bioavailability of metals and organic contaminants in soils. Proceedings 19th World Congress of Soil Science: Soil Solutions for a Changing World, Brisbane, 1-6 August 2010 . pp. 20-23

Effects of long-term fertilization and liming on microbial functions and diversity in the grassland site at Rothamsted Research, UK

Wu, Liyou, Liang, Y., Clark, I. M., Wue, K., Deng, Y., He, Z., Van Nostrand, J., Macdonald, C., Hirsch, P. R., McGrath, S. P. and Zhou, J. 2010. Effects of long-term fertilization and liming on microbial functions and diversity in the grassland site at Rothamsted Research, UK. Abstracts 13th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology, Seattle, 22-27 August 2010 .

Predicting molybdenum toxicity to higher plants: influence of soil properties

McGrath, S. P., Mico, C., Curdy, R. and Zhao, F-J. 2010. Predicting molybdenum toxicity to higher plants: influence of soil properties. Environmental Pollution. 158, pp. 3095-3102.

Predicting molybdenum toxicity to higher plants: estimation of toxicity threshold values

McGrath, S. P., Mico, C., Zhao, F-J., Stroud, J. L., Zhang, H. and Fozard, S. 2010. Predicting molybdenum toxicity to higher plants: estimation of toxicity threshold values. Environmental Pollution. 158, pp. 3085-3094.

Relative impact of soil, metal source and metal concentration on bacterial community structure and community tolerance

Macdonald, C. A., Yang, X., Clark, I. M., Zhao, F-J., Hirsch, P. R. and McGrath, S. P. 2010. Relative impact of soil, metal source and metal concentration on bacterial community structure and community tolerance. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 42, pp. 1408-1417.

Effects of long-term fertilization on spatial distribution patterns of microbial functional genes from the Rothamsted Experimental site

Liang, Y., Wu, Liyou, Clark, I. M., Xue, K., Deng, Y., He, Z., Hirsch, P. R., McGrath, S. P. and Zhou, J. 2010. Effects of long-term fertilization on spatial distribution patterns of microbial functional genes from the Rothamsted Experimental site. Abstracts 13th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology, Seattle, 22-27 August 2010 .

Long-term agricultural experiments reveal N influence on ammonia oxidizers and the predominance of CA. nitrososphaera

Giongo, A., Gano,K., Roesch, L., Casella, G., Daroub, S., Ramiez, K., Sayavedra-Soto, L., Arp, D., Clark, I. M., Hirsch, P. R., McGrath, S. P. and Triplett, E. 2010. Long-term agricultural experiments reveal N influence on ammonia oxidizers and the predominance of CA. nitrososphaera. Abstracts 13th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology, Seattle, 22-27 August 2010 .

Molecular mechanisms of selenium tolerance and hyperaccumulation in Stanleya pinnata

Freeman, J. L., Tamaoki, M., Stushnoff, C., Quinn, C. F., Cappa, J. J., Devonshire, J., Fakra, S. C., Marcus, M. A., McGrath, S. P., Van Hoewyk, D. and Pilon-Smits, E. A. H. 2010. Molecular mechanisms of selenium tolerance and hyperaccumulation in Stanleya pinnata. Plant Physiology. 153, pp. 1630-1652.

Accumulation, distribution and speciation of arsenic in wheat grain

Zhao, F-J., Stroud, J. L., Eagling, T., Dunham, S. J., McGrath, S. P. and Shewry, P. R. 2010. Accumulation, distribution and speciation of arsenic in wheat grain. Environmental Science & Technology. 44, pp. 5464-5468.

Impact of sulphur fertilisation on crop response to selenium fertilisation

Stroud, J. L., Li, H. F., Lopez-Bellido, F. J., Broadley, M. R., Foot, I., Fairweather-Tait, S. J., Hart, D. J., Hurst, R., Knott, P., Mowat, H., Norman, K., Scott, P., Tucker, M., White, P. J., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2010. Impact of sulphur fertilisation on crop response to selenium fertilisation. Plant and Soil. 332, pp. 31-40.

Soil factors affecting selenium concentration in wheat grain and the fate and speciation of Se fertilisers applied to soil

Stroud, J. L., Broadley, M. R., Foot, I., Fairweather-Tait, S. J., Hart, D. J., Hurst, R., Knott, P., Mowat, H., Norman, K., Scott, P., Tucker, M., White, P. J., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2010. Soil factors affecting selenium concentration in wheat grain and the fate and speciation of Se fertilisers applied to soil. Plant and Soil. 332, pp. 19-20.

Selenium biofortification of high-yielding winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) by liquid or granular Se fertilisation

Broadley, M. R., Alcock, J., Alford, J., Cartwright, P., Foot, I., Fairweather-Tait, S. J., Hart, D. J., Hurst, R., Knott, P., McGrath, S. P., Meacham, M. C., Norman, K., Mowat, H., Scott, P., Stroud, J. L., Tovey, M., Tucker, M., White, P. J., Young, S. D. and Zhao, F-J. 2010. Selenium biofortification of high-yielding winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) by liquid or granular Se fertilisation. Plant and Soil. 332, pp. 5-18.

Arsenic as a food chain contaminant: mechanisms of plant uptake and metabolism and mitigation strategies

Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Meharg, A. A. 2010. Arsenic as a food chain contaminant: mechanisms of plant uptake and metabolism and mitigation strategies. Annual Review of Plant Biology. 61, pp. 535-559.

Impacts of sulphur nutrition on selenium and molybdenum concentrations in wheat grain

Stroud, J. L., Zhao, F-J., Buchner, P. H., Shinmachi, F., McGrath, S. P., Abecassis, J., Hawkesford, M. J. and Shewry, P. R. 2010. Impacts of sulphur nutrition on selenium and molybdenum concentrations in wheat grain. Journal of Cereal Science. 52, pp. 111-113.

Influence of sulfur deficiency on the expression of specific sulfate transporters and the distribution of sulfur, selenium and molybdenum in wheat

Shinmachi, F., Buchner, P. H., Stroud, J. L., Parmar, S., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Hawkesford, M. J. 2010. Influence of sulfur deficiency on the expression of specific sulfate transporters and the distribution of sulfur, selenium and molybdenum in wheat. Plant Physiology. 153, pp. 327-336.

Arsenic shoot-grain relationships in field grown rice cultivars

Norton, G. J., Islam, M. R., Duan, G., Lei, M., Zhu, Y., Deacon, C. M., Moran, A. C., Islam, S., Zhao, F-J., Stroud, J. L., McGrath, S. P., Feldmann, J., Price, A. H. and Mehard, A. A. 2010. Arsenic shoot-grain relationships in field grown rice cultivars. Environmental Science & Technology. 44, pp. 1471-1477.

Methods for the analysis of selenium and other minerals

Stroud, J. L., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Hart, D. 2010. Methods for the analysis of selenium and other minerals. in: Shewry, P. R. and Ward, J. L. (ed.) HEALTHGRAIN methods: analysis of bioactive compounds in small grain cereals American Association of Cereal Chemists (AACC), St Paul, MN. pp. 95-111

Complexation of arsenite with phytochelatins reduces arsenite efflux and translocation from roots to shoots in Arabidopsis

Liu, W-J., Wood, B. A., Raab, A., McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Feldmann, J. 2010. Complexation of arsenite with phytochelatins reduces arsenite efflux and translocation from roots to shoots in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology. 152, pp. 2211-2221.

The role of the rice aquaporin Lsi1 in arsenite efflux from roots

Zhao, F-J., Ago, Y., Mitani, N., Li, R-Y., Su, Y-H., Yamaji, N., McGrath, S. P. and Ma, J. F. 2010. The role of the rice aquaporin Lsi1 in arsenite efflux from roots. New Phytologist. 186 (2), pp. 392-399.

NanoSIMS analysis of arsenic and selenium in cereal grain

Moore, K. L., Schroder, M., Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Hawkesford, M. J., Shewry, P. R. and Grovenor, C. R. M. 2010. NanoSIMS analysis of arsenic and selenium in cereal grain. New Phytologist. 185 (2), pp. 434-445.

Rice is more efficient in arsenite uptake and translocation than wheat and barley

Su, Y-H., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2010. Rice is more efficient in arsenite uptake and translocation than wheat and barley. Plant and Soil. 328, pp. 27-34.

Arsenic transport in plants

Zhao, F-J., Ma, J. F. and McGrath, S. P. 2009. Arsenic transport in plants.

Phytoextraction and management options to reduce cadmium and arsenic in food crops

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2009. Phytoextraction and management options to reduce cadmium and arsenic in food crops. Abstracts MARCO Symposium 2009: Challenges for Agro-Environmental Research in Monsoon Asia, Tsukuba, Japan, 5-7 October 2009 .

Arsenic uptake and metabolism in plants: mechanisms and mitigation measures to reduce arsenic transfer to the food chain

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2009. Arsenic uptake and metabolism in plants: mechanisms and mitigation measures to reduce arsenic transfer to the food chain. Abstracts 10th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Chihuahua, Mexico, 13-18 July 2009 .

Terrestrial ecological risk assessment of heavy metals

McGrath, S. P. 2009. Terrestrial ecological risk assessment of heavy metals. Abstracts 5th International Workshop on Chemical Bioavailability in the Environment, Adelaide, 24-25 September 2009 .

Utilising ecotoxicology data from the UK long-term sludge trials for environmental protection

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J., Gibbs, P. A., Chambers, B. J., Carlton-Smith, C. H., Bacon, J. R., Campbell, C. D. and Sinclair, A. H. 2009. Utilising ecotoxicology data from the UK long-term sludge trials for environmental protection. Abstracts 10th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Chihuahua, Mexico, 13-18 July 2009 .

Selenium in the environment

McGrath, S. P. 2009. Selenium in the environment. Banuelos, G. S., Xuebin, Y. and Lin, Z. (ed.) Abstracts 1st International Conference on Selenium in Environment and Human Health, Suzhou, China, 18-21 October 2009 . University of Science and Technology of China Press, Beijing. pp. 3-4

Environmental and genetic control of arsenic accumulation and speciation in rice grain: comparing a range of common cultivars grown in contaminated sites across Bangladesh, China and India

Norton, G. J., Duan, G., Dasgupta, T., Islam, M. R., Lei, M., Zhu, Y., Deacon, C. M., Moran, A. C., Islam, S., Zhao, F-J., Stroud, J. L., McGrath, S. P., Feldmann, J., Price, A. H. and Meharg, A. A. 2009. Environmental and genetic control of arsenic accumulation and speciation in rice grain: comparing a range of common cultivars grown in contaminated sites across Bangladesh, China and India. Environmental Science & Technology. 43, pp. 8381-8386.

Heavy metals and soil microbes

Giller, K. E., Witter, E. and McGrath, S. P. 2009. Heavy metals and soil microbes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 41, pp. 2031-2037.

Toxicity of trace metals in soil as affected by soil type and aging after contamination: using calibrated bioavailability models to set ecological soil standards

Smolders, E., Oorts, K., Van Sprang, P., Schoeters, I., Janssen, C. R., McGrath, S. P. and Mclaughlin, M. J. 2009. Toxicity of trace metals in soil as affected by soil type and aging after contamination: using calibrated bioavailability models to set ecological soil standards. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 28 (8), pp. 1633-1642.

Identification of low inorganic and total grain arsenic rice cultivars from Bangladesh

Norton, G. J., Islam, M. R., Deacon, C. M., Zhao, F-J., Stroud, J. L., McGrath, S. P., Islam, S., Jahiruddin, M., Feldmann, J., Price, A. H. and Meharg, A. A. 2009. Identification of low inorganic and total grain arsenic rice cultivars from Bangladesh. Environmental Science & Technology. 43, pp. 6070-6075.

The rice aquaporin Lsi1 mediates uptake of methylated arsenic species

Li, R-Y., Ago, Y., Liu, W-J., Mitani, N., Feldmann, J., McGrath, S. P., Ma, J. F. and Zhao, F-J. 2009. The rice aquaporin Lsi1 mediates uptake of methylated arsenic species. Plant Physiology. 150, pp. 2071-2080.

Biofortification and phytoremediation

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2009. Biofortification and phytoremediation. Current Opinion in Plant Biology. 12, pp. 373-380.

Arsenite efflux is not enhanced in the arsenate-tolerant phenotype of Holcus lanatus

Logoteta, B., Xu, X-Y., Macnair, M. R., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2009. Arsenite efflux is not enhanced in the arsenate-tolerant phenotype of Holcus lanatus. New Phytologist. 183 (2), pp. 340-348.

Response to the comment by Van Geen and Duxbury

Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Meharg, A. A. 2009. Response to the comment by Van Geen and Duxbury. Environmental Science & Technology. 43, pp. 3972-3973.

Effect of nitrogen form on the rhizosphere dynamics and uptake of cadmium and zinc by the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens

Xie, H. L., Jiang, R. F., Zhang, F-S., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2009. Effect of nitrogen form on the rhizosphere dynamics and uptake of cadmium and zinc by the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Plant and Soil. 318, pp. 205-215.

Mitigation of arsenic accumulation in rice with water management and silicon fertilization

Li, R-Y., Stroud, J. L., Ma, J. F., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2009. Mitigation of arsenic accumulation in rice with water management and silicon fertilization. Environmental Science & Technology. 43, pp. 3778-3783.

Modelling phytoremediation by the hyperaccumulating fern, Pteris vittata , of soils historically contaminated with arsenic

Shelmerdine, P. A., Black, C. R., McGrath, S. P. and Young, S. D. 2009. Modelling phytoremediation by the hyperaccumulating fern, Pteris vittata , of soils historically contaminated with arsenic. Environmental Pollution. 157, pp. 1589-1596.

Phytotoxicity and bioavailability of cobalt to plants in a range of soils

Li, H-F., Gray, C., Mico, C., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2009. Phytotoxicity and bioavailability of cobalt to plants in a range of soils. Chemosphere. 75, pp. 979-986.

Variation in mineral micronutrient concentrations in grain of wheat lines of diverse origin

Zhao, F-J., Su, Y. H., Dunham, S. J., Rakszegi, M., Bedo, Z., McGrath, S. P. and Shewry, P. R. 2009. Variation in mineral micronutrient concentrations in grain of wheat lines of diverse origin. Journal of Cereal Science. 49, pp. 290-295.

Arsenic uptake and metabolism in plants

Zhao, F-J., Ma, J. F., Meharg, A. A. and McGrath, S. P. 2009. Arsenic uptake and metabolism in plants. New Phytologist. 181 (4), pp. 777-794.

Arsenic efflux

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2008. Arsenic efflux. Abstracts 20th New Phytologist Symposium on Arsenic: Unravelling its Metabolism and Speciation in Plants, Aberdeen, 26-27 June 2008 . pp. 10

Selenium speciation in soil and the effect of selenium and sulphur fertilisation on wheat

Stroud, J. L., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2008. Selenium speciation in soil and the effect of selenium and sulphur fertilisation on wheat. Abstracts COST 859 WG3 Meeting on Challenges on Improving Quality and Safety of Food Crops, Lillehammer, 1-4 September 2008 .

NanoSIMS analysis of trace elements in cereal grain

Moore, K. L., Grovenor, C. R. M., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Hawkesford, M. J. and Shewry, P. R. 2008. NanoSIMS analysis of trace elements in cereal grain. Abstracts COST 859 WG3 Meeting on Challenges on Improving Quality and Safety of Food Crops, Lillehammer, 1-4 September 2008 .

Phytoremediation of arsenic contaminated soils

McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2008. Phytoremediation of arsenic contaminated soils. Abstracts 20th New Phytologist Symposium on Arsenic: Unravelling its Metabolism and Speciation in Plants, Aberdeen, 26-27 June 2008 . pp. 9

Changes in the mineral composition of wheat grain

McGrath, S. P., Fan, M., Stroud, J. L. and Zhao, F-J. 2008. Changes in the mineral composition of wheat grain. Abstracts 5th UK Cereal Genetics and Genomics Workshop, Harpenden, 16-18 April 2008 .

Arsenic tolerance mechanisms in Holcus lanatus : is arsenite efflux involved?

Logoteta, B., Xu, X-Y., Macnair, M. R., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2008. Arsenic tolerance mechanisms in Holcus lanatus : is arsenite efflux involved? Abstracts 20th New Phytologist Symposium on Arsenic: Unravelling its Metabolism and Speciation in Plants, Aberdeen, 26-27 June 2008 . pp. 37

'Long-term Sludge Experiments' in Britain: the effects of heavy metals on soil micro-organisms

Gibbs, P. A., Chambers, B. J., Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P., Carlton-Smith, C. H., Bacon, J. R., Campbell, C. D. and Sinclair, A. H. 2008. 'Long-term Sludge Experiments' in Britain: the effects of heavy metals on soil micro-organisms. Abstracts Biosolids Specialty Conference IV, Australian Water Association, Adelaide, 11-12 June 2008 .

Mechanisms of arsenite uptake in rice: studies using rice mutants

Zhao, F-J., Ma, J. F., Yamaji, N., Mitani, N., Xu, X-Y., Su, Y-H. and McGrath, S. P. 2008. Mechanisms of arsenite uptake in rice: studies using rice mutants. Abstracts FAO/IAEA International Symposium on Induced Mutations in Plants, Vienna, 12-15 August 2008 . pp. 72

Mechanisms of arsenite uptake in rice

Zhao, F-J., Ma, J. F., Yamaji, N., Mitani, N., Xu, X-Y., Su, Y-H. and McGrath, S. P. 2008. Mechanisms of arsenite uptake in rice. Abstracts SEB Plant Transport Group Meeting, Manchester, 4-5 September 2008 . pp. 6

Chemical speciation of metalloids in soil in relation to their bioavailability

Zhao, F-J., Stroud, J. L., Xu, X-Y., Li, R. Y., Li, H. F. and McGrath, S. P. 2008. Chemical speciation of metalloids in soil in relation to their bioavailability. Luo, Y. M. (ed.) Proceedings 3rd International Conference on Soil Pollution and Remediation, Nanjing, 18-21 October 2008 . pp. 77

Growing rice aerobically markedly decreases arsenic accumulation

Xu, X-Y., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2008. Growing rice aerobically markedly decreases arsenic accumulation. Luo, Y. M. (ed.) Proceedings 3rd International Conference on Soil Pollution and Remediation, Nanjing, 18-21 October 2008 . pp. 87-88

Long-term impacts of metal-rich sludge additions on soil microbial communities - effects of metal source and soil type

Macdonald, C., Yang, X., Clark, I. M., Hirsch, P. R. and McGrath, S. P. 2008. Long-term impacts of metal-rich sludge additions on soil microbial communities - effects of metal source and soil type. Abstracts 12th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology (ISME12): Microbial Diversity - Sustaining the Blue Planet, Cairns, 17-22 August 2008 .

Molybdenum toxicity to barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) root length tests in different European soils

Mico, C., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2008. Molybdenum toxicity to barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) root length tests in different European soils. Abstracts SETAC Europe 18th Annual Meeting, Warsaw, 25-29 May 2008 . pp. 219-220

Sensitivity of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii to metals accumulating in soils from long-term sewage sludge applications

McGrath, S. P., Chaudri, A. M., Gibbs, P. A., Chambers, B. J., Carlton-Smith, C. H., Bacon, J. R., Campbell, C. D. and Aitken, M. N. 2008. Sensitivity of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii to metals accumulating in soils from long-term sewage sludge applications. Luo, Y. M. (ed.) Proceedings 3rd International Conference on Soil Pollution and Remediation, Nanjing, 18-21 October 2008 . pp. 119-120

Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Soil Pollution and Remediation: SoilRem 2008

Luo, Y. M., McGrath, S. P., Newman, L., Wong, M. H., Mench, M., Japenga, J., Zhao, F-J., Vanek, T. and Doelman, P. Takagi, K. (ed.) 2008. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Soil Pollution and Remediation: SoilRem 2008.

Mediated amperometric whole-cell biosensors for rapid in situ screening of heavy metal contaminated soils

Ding, Y. R., Zhang, T., McGrath, S. P. and Rawson, D. 2008. Mediated amperometric whole-cell biosensors for rapid in situ screening of heavy metal contaminated soils. Luo, Y. M. (ed.) Proceedings 3rd International Conference on Soil Pollution and Remediation, Nanjing, 18-21 October 2008 . pp. 11-12

Low biodegradability of fluoxetine HC1, diazepam and their human metabolites in sewage sludge-amended soil

Redshaw, C. H., Cooke, M. P., Talbot, H. M., McGrath, S. P. and Rowland, S. J. 2008. Low biodegradability of fluoxetine HC1, diazepam and their human metabolites in sewage sludge-amended soil. Journal of Soils and Sediments. 8, pp. 217-230.

Use of Co speciation and soil properties to explain variation in Co toxicity to root growth of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in different soils

Mico, C., Li, H. F., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2008. Use of Co speciation and soil properties to explain variation in Co toxicity to root growth of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in different soils. Environmental Pollution. 156, pp. 883-890.

Evidence of decreasing mineral density in wheat grain over the last 160 years

Fan, M-S., Zhao, F-J., Fairweather-Tait, S. J., Poulton, P. R., Dunham, S. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2008. Evidence of decreasing mineral density in wheat grain over the last 160 years. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology. 22, pp. 315-324.

Speciation of zinc in contaminated soils

Stephan, C. H., Courchesne, F., Hendershot, W. H., McGrath, S. P., Chaudri, A. M., Sappin-Didier, V. and Sauve, S. 2008. Speciation of zinc in contaminated soils. Environmental Pollution. 155, pp. 208-216.

Highly efficient xylem transport of arsenite in the arsenic hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata

Su, Y. H., McGrath, S. P., Zhu, Y-G. and Zhao, F-J. 2008. Highly efficient xylem transport of arsenite in the arsenic hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata. New Phytologist. 180 (2), pp. 434-441.

Growing rice aerobically markedly decreases arsenic accumulation

Xu, X-Y., McGrath, S. P., Meharg, A. A. and Zhao, F-J. 2008. Growing rice aerobically markedly decreases arsenic accumulation. Environmental Science & Technology. 42, pp. 5574-5579.

Transporters of arsenite in rice and their role in arsenic accumulation in rice grain

Ma, J. F., Yamaji, N., Mitani, N., Xu, X-Y., Su, Y-H., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2008. Transporters of arsenite in rice and their role in arsenic accumulation in rice grain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 105, pp. 9931-9935.

Sensitivity of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii to metals accumulating in soils from long-term sewage sludge applications

McGrath, S. P., Chaudri, A. M., Gibbs, P., Chambers, B., Carlton-Smith, C. H., Bacon, J., Campbell, C. and Aitken, M. 2008. Sensitivity of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii to metals accumulating in soils from long-term sewage sludge applications. Abstracts 1 Congresso Luso-Espanhol de Fixacao de Azoto/12 Reuniao Nacional de Fixacao de Azoto, Esteril-Cacais, Portugal, 1-4 June 2008 . pp. 3

Population size of indigenous Rhizobium leguminosarum bivar trifoli in long-term field experiments with sewage sludge cake, metal-amended liquid sludge or metal salts: effects of zinc, copper and cadmium

Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P., Gibbs, P., Chambers, B., Carlton-Smith, C. H., Bacon, J., Campbell, C. and Aitken, M. 2008. Population size of indigenous Rhizobium leguminosarum bivar trifoli in long-term field experiments with sewage sludge cake, metal-amended liquid sludge or metal salts: effects of zinc, copper and cadmium. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 40, pp. 1670-1680.

Atmospheric SO2 emissions since the late 1800s change organic sulfur forms in humic substance extracts of soils

Lehmann, J., Solomon, D., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2008. Atmospheric SO2 emissions since the late 1800s change organic sulfur forms in humic substance extracts of soils. Environmental Science & Technology. 42, pp. 3550-3555.

Variation in root-to-shoot translocation of cadmium and zinc among different accessions of the hyperaccumulators Thlaspi caerulescens and Thlaspi praecox

Xing, J. P., Jiang, R. F., Ueno, D., Ma, J. F., Schat, H., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2008. Variation in root-to-shoot translocation of cadmium and zinc among different accessions of the hyperaccumulators Thlaspi caerulescens and Thlaspi praecox. New Phytologist. 178 (2), pp. 315-325.

Does cadmium play a physiological role in the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens ?

Liu, M-Q., Yanai, J., Jiang, R-F., Zhang, F., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2008. Does cadmium play a physiological role in the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens ? Chemosphere. 71, pp. 1276-1283.

Selenium uptake, translocation and speciation in wheat supplied with selenate or selenite

Li, H-F., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2008. Selenium uptake, translocation and speciation in wheat supplied with selenate or selenite. New Phytologist. 178 (1), pp. 92-102.

Historical changes in the concentrations of selenium in soil and wheat grain from the Broadbalk experiment over the last 160 years

Fan, M-S., Zhao, F-J., Poulton, P. R. and McGrath, S. P. 2008. Historical changes in the concentrations of selenium in soil and wheat grain from the Broadbalk experiment over the last 160 years. Science of the Total Environment. 389, pp. 532-538.

Phytoextraction of cadmium and zinc from arable soils amended with sewage sludge using Thlaspi caerulescens : development of a predictive model

Maxted, A. P., Black, C. R., West, H. M., Crout, N. M. J., McGrath, S. P. and Young, S. D. 2007. Phytoextraction of cadmium and zinc from arable soils amended with sewage sludge using Thlaspi caerulescens : development of a predictive model. Environmental Pollution. 150, pp. 363-372.

Mediated amperometric whole-cell biosensors for assessment of bioavailabilty and toxicity of copper in soil

Ding, Y., Zhang, T., Rawson, D. and McGrath, S. P. 2007. Mediated amperometric whole-cell biosensors for assessment of bioavailabilty and toxicity of copper in soil. Abstracts 2nd International Conference on Environmental, Industrial and Applied Microbiology (BioMicroWorld2007), Seville, 28 November-1 December 2007 . pp. 43

Rapid reduction of arsenate in the medium mediated by plant roots

Xu, X-Y., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2007. Rapid reduction of arsenate in the medium mediated by plant roots. New Phytologist. 176 (3), pp. 590-599.

Estimates of ambient background concentrations of trace metals in soils for risk assessment

Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Merrington, G. 2007. Estimates of ambient background concentrations of trace metals in soils for risk assessment. Lepp, N., Naidu, R. and Zhu, Y. (ed.) Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements: Environmental Protection, Remediation and Human Health. Proceedings 9th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements in the Environment, Beijing, 15-19 July 2007 . Tsinghua University Press, Beijing. pp. 681-682

Translocation of Cd and Zn from roots to shoots in different populations of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens

Xing, J. P., Jiang, R. F., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2007. Translocation of Cd and Zn from roots to shoots in different populations of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Lepp, N., Naidu, R. and Zhu, Y. (ed.) Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements: Environmental Protection, Remediation and Human Health. Proceedings 9th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements in the Environment, Beijing, 15-19 July 2007 . Tsinghua University Press, Beijing. pp. 746-747

Decreasing mineral concentrations in wheat grain over the last 160 years

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Fan, M-S. 2007. Decreasing mineral concentrations in wheat grain over the last 160 years. Lepp, N., Naidu, R. and Zhu, Y. (ed.) Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements: Environmental Protection, Remediation and Human Health. Proceedings 9th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements in the Environment, Beijing, 15-19 July 2007 . Tsinghua University Press, Beijing. pp. 281-282

Long-term sludge experiments in Britain: the effects of heavy metals on soil micro-organisms

Gibbs, P. A., Chambers, B. J., Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P., Carlton-Smith, C. H., Godley, A. R., Bacon, J. R., Campbell, C. D. and Sinclair, A. H. 2007. Long-term sludge experiments in Britain: the effects of heavy metals on soil micro-organisms. Lepp, N., Naidu, R. and Zhu, Y. (ed.) Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements: Environmental Protection, Remediation and Human Health. Proceedings 9th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements in the Environment, Beijing, 15-19 July 2007 . Tsinghua University Press, Beijing. pp. 526-527

Decision support for sulphur applications to cereals. (HGCA Project Report No. 419)

Cussans, J. W., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Stobart, R. 2007. Decision support for sulphur applications to cereals. (HGCA Project Report No. 419). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Soil pollution and contamination

McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2007. Soil pollution and contamination. Dazzi, C. (ed.) Changing Soils in a Changing World: the Soils of Tomorrow. Abstracts 5th International Congress of the European Society for Soil Conservation, Palermo, 25-30 June 2007 . pp. 301-302

Expression and functional analysis of metal transporter genes in two contrasting ecotypes of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens

Plaza, S., Tearall, K. L., Zhao, F-J., Buchner, P. H., McGrath, S. P. and Hawkesford, M. J. 2007. Expression and functional analysis of metal transporter genes in two contrasting ecotypes of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Journal of Experimental Botany. 58, pp. 1717-1728.

Estimates of ambient background concentrations of trace metals in soils for risk assessment

Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Merrington, G. 2007. Estimates of ambient background concentrations of trace metals in soils for risk assessment. Environmental Pollution. 148, pp. 221-229.

Selenium concentrations in UK wheat and biofortification strategies

Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Gray, C. and Lopez-Bellido, J. 2007. Selenium concentrations in UK wheat and biofortification strategies.

Hazard assessment of inorganic metals and metal substances in terrestrial systems

Smolders, E., McGrath, S. P., Fairbrother, A., Hale, B. A., Lombi, E., Mclaughlin, M., Rutgers, M. and Van Der Vliet, L. 2007. Hazard assessment of inorganic metals and metal substances in terrestrial systems. Chapman, P. M. and Adams, W. J. (ed.) Assessing the Hazard of Metals and Inorganic Metal Substances in Aquatic and Terrestrial Systems. Proceedings from the Workshop on Hazard Identification Approach for Metals and Inorganic Metal Substances, Pensacola Beach, 3-8 May 2003 . CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. pp. 113-133

Phytoextraction of cadmium and zinc by Salix from soil historically amended with sewage sludge

Maxted, A. P., Black, C. R., West, H. M., Crout, N. M. J., McGrath, S. P. and Young, S. D. 2007. Phytoextraction of cadmium and zinc by Salix from soil historically amended with sewage sludge. Plant and Soil. 290, pp. 157-172.

Effects of soil compaction and irrigation on the concentrations of selenium and arsenic in wheat grains

Zhao, F-J., Lopez-Bellido, F. J., Gray, C. W., Whalley, W. R., Clark, L. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2007. Effects of soil compaction and irrigation on the concentrations of selenium and arsenic in wheat grains. Science of the Total Environment. 372, pp. 433-439.

Cadmium availability to wheat grain in soils treated with sewage sludge or metal salts

Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P., Gibbs, P., Chambers, B., Carlton-Smith, C. H., Godley, A., Bacon, J., Campbell, C. and Aitken, M. 2007. Cadmium availability to wheat grain in soils treated with sewage sludge or metal salts. Chemosphere. 66, pp. 1415-1423.

Phytotoxicity of nickel in a range of European soils: influence of soil properties, Ni solubility and speciation

Rooney, C. P., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2007. Phytotoxicity of nickel in a range of European soils: influence of soil properties, Ni solubility and speciation. Environmental Pollution. 145, pp. 596-605.

Ambient background metal concentrations for soils in England and Wales. Science Report SC050054/SR

McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2006. Ambient background metal concentrations for soils in England and Wales. Science Report SC050054/SR. Environment Agency, Bristol.

Variation in the root to shoot translocation of Cd and Zn among populations of Thlaspi caerulescens

Zhao, F-J., Xing, J. P. and McGrath, S. P. 2006. Variation in the root to shoot translocation of Cd and Zn among populations of Thlaspi caerulescens. Abstracts COST Action 859 Working Group 1 1st Scientific Meeting on Root to Shoot Translocation of Pollutants and Nutrients, Santiago de Compostela, 22-24 June 2006 . pp. 24

Cadmium uptake, translocation and tolerance in the hyperaccumulator Arabidopsis halleri

Zhao, F-J., Jiang, R. F., Dunham, S. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2006. Cadmium uptake, translocation and tolerance in the hyperaccumulator Arabidopsis halleri. New Phytologist. 172 (4), pp. 646-654.

A terrestrial biotic ligand model. 1. Development and application to Cu and Ni toxicities to barley root elongation in soils

Thakali, S., Allen, H. E., Di Toro, D. M., Ponizovsky, A. A., Rooney, C. P., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2006. A terrestrial biotic ligand model. 1. Development and application to Cu and Ni toxicities to barley root elongation in soils. Environmental Science & Technology. 40, pp. 7085-7093.

Terrestrial biotic ligand model. 2. Application to Ni and Cu toxicities to plants, invertebrates and microbes in soil

Thakali, S., Allen, H. E., Di Toro, D. M., Ponizovsky, A. A., Rooney, C. P., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Criel, P., Van Eeckhout, H., Janssen, C. R., Oorts, K. and Smolders, E. 2006. Terrestrial biotic ligand model. 2. Application to Ni and Cu toxicities to plants, invertebrates and microbes in soil. Environmental Science & Technology. 40, pp. 7094-7100.

Food quality and safety issues concerning elements that are essential or contaminants in crops

McGrath, S. P., Fan, M., Gray, C. W. and Zhao, F-J. 2006. Food quality and safety issues concerning elements that are essential or contaminants in crops. Abstracts COST 859 WG2 & WG3 2nd Scientific Workshop on -omics Approaches and Agricultural Management: Driving Forces to Improve Food Quality and Safety?, Saint-Etienne, 31 August- 2 September 2006 . pp. 23-24

Spatial imaging, speciation, and quantification of selenium in the hyperaccumulator plants Astragalus bisulcatus and Stanleya pinnata

Freeman, J. L., Zhang, L. H., Marcus, M. A., Fakra, S., McGrath, S. P. and Pilon-Smits, E. A. H. 2006. Spatial imaging, speciation, and quantification of selenium in the hyperaccumulator plants Astragalus bisulcatus and Stanleya pinnata. Plant Physiology. 142, pp. 124-134.

Iron transporters may be involved in high Cd uptake by the hyperaccumulator species Thlaspi caerulescens

McGrath, S. P., Plaza, S., Tearall, K. L., Hawkesford, M. J. and Zhao, F-J. 2006. Iron transporters may be involved in high Cd uptake by the hyperaccumulator species Thlaspi caerulescens. Abstracts 13th International Symposium on Iron Nutrition and Interactions in Plants, Montpellier, 3-7 July 2006 . pp. 61

Synthesis of low molecular weight thiols in response to Cd exposure in Thlaspi caerulescens

Hernandez-Allica, J., Garbisu, C., Becerril, J. M., Barrutia, O., Garcia-Plazaola, J. I., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2006. Synthesis of low molecular weight thiols in response to Cd exposure in Thlaspi caerulescens. Plant, Cell & Environment. 29 (7), pp. 1422-1429.

Initial results from long-term field studies at three sites on the effects of heavy metal-amended liquid sludges on soil microbial activity

Gibbs, P. A., Chambers, B. J., Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P. and Carlton-Smith, C. H. 2006. Initial results from long-term field studies at three sites on the effects of heavy metal-amended liquid sludges on soil microbial activity. Soil Use and Management. 22 (2), pp. 180-187.

Sulphur speciation and turnover in soils: evidence from sulphur K-edge XANES spectroscopy and isotope dilution studies

Zhao, F-J., Lehmann, J., Solomon, D., Fox, M. A. and McGrath, S. P. 2006. Sulphur speciation and turnover in soils: evidence from sulphur K-edge XANES spectroscopy and isotope dilution studies. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 38, pp. 1000-1007.

Effects of sulphur on yield and malting qualities of barley

Zhao, F-J., Fortune, S., Barbosa, V. L., McGrath, S. P., Stobart, R., Bilsborrow, P. E., Booth, E. J., Brown, A. and Robson, P. 2006. Effects of sulphur on yield and malting qualities of barley. Journal of Cereal Science. 43, pp. 369-377.

Influence of soil properties and aging on arsenic phytotoxicity

Song, J., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Luo, Y-M. 2006. Influence of soil properties and aging on arsenic phytotoxicity. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 25 (6), pp. 1663-1670.

Field evaluation of in situ remediation of a heavy metal contaminated soil using lime and red-mud

Gray, C. W., Dunham, S. J., Dennis, P. G., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2006. Field evaluation of in situ remediation of a heavy metal contaminated soil using lime and red-mud. Environmental Pollution. 142, pp. 530-539.

Field evaluation of Cd and Zn phytoextraction potential by the hyperaccumulators Thlaspi caerulescens and Arabidopsis halleri

McGrath, S. P., Lombi, E., Gray, C. W., Caille, N., Dunham, S. J. and Zhao, F-J. 2006. Field evaluation of Cd and Zn phytoextraction potential by the hyperaccumulators Thlaspi caerulescens and Arabidopsis halleri. Environmental Pollution. 141, pp. 115-125.

Comparison of soil solution speciation and diffusive gradients in thin-films measurement as an indicator of copper bioavailability to plants

Zhao, F-J., Rooney, C. P., Zhang, H. and McGrath, S. P. 2006. Comparison of soil solution speciation and diffusive gradients in thin-films measurement as an indicator of copper bioavailability to plants. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 25 (3), pp. 733-742.

Soil factors controlling the expression of copper toxicity to plants in a wide range of European soils

Rooney, C. P., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2006. Soil factors controlling the expression of copper toxicity to plants in a wide range of European soils. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 25 (3), pp. 726-732.

Initial results from a long-term, multi-site field study of the effects on soil fertility and microbial activity of sludge cakes containing heavy metals

Gibbs, P. A., Chambers, B. J., Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P., Carlton-Smith, C. H., Bacon, J. R., Campbell, C. D. and Aitken, M. N. 2006. Initial results from a long-term, multi-site field study of the effects on soil fertility and microbial activity of sludge cakes containing heavy metals. Soil Use and Management. 22 (1), pp. 11-21.

Kinetics of metal fixation in soils: measurement and modeling by isotopic dilution

Crout, N. M. J., Tye, A. M., Zhang, H., McGrath, S. P. and Young, S. D. 2006. Kinetics of metal fixation in soils: measurement and modeling by isotopic dilution. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 25 (3), pp. 659-663.

Biofortification of UK food crops with selenium

Broadley, M. R., White, P. J., Bryson, R. J., Meacham, M. C., Bowen, H. C., Johnson, S. E., Hawkesford, M. J., McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J., Breward, N., Harriman, M. and Tucker, M. 2006. Biofortification of UK food crops with selenium. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 65, pp. 169-181.

Effect of soil characteristics on Cd uptake by the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens

Yanai, J., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Kosaki, T. 2006. Effect of soil characteristics on Cd uptake by the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Environmental Pollution. 139, pp. 167-175.

Defra research in agriculture and environmental protection between 1990 and 2005: summary and analysis

Sherlock, J., King, J. A., Goodlass, G., Chambers, B. J., Carter, A., Jarvis, S. C., Kibblewhite, M., Goulding, K. W. T., Cottrill, B. R., Dampney, P., Hossell, J. E., Lord, E. I., Nicholson, F. A., Smith, K. A., Webb, J., Withers, P. J. A., Haygarth, P. M., Bradley, I., Clarke, M., Kirk, G., Loveland, P. J., Morgan, R. and McGrath, S. P. 2006. Defra research in agriculture and environmental protection between 1990 and 2005: summary and analysis.

Soil microbial response during the phytoremediation of a PAH contaminated soil

Johnson, D. L., Anderson, D. R. and McGrath, S. P. 2005. Soil microbial response during the phytoremediation of a PAH contaminated soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 37, pp. 2334-2336.

Phytoextraction of metals: investigation of hyperaccumulation and field testing. CL:AIRE Research Project Report RP6

Gray, C., McGrath, S. P. and Sweeney, R. 2005. Phytoextraction of metals: investigation of hyperaccumulation and field testing. CL:AIRE Research Project Report RP6. CL:AIRE, London.

Tolerance and accumulation of zinc and cadmium in two ecotypes of Thlaspi caerulescens

Ueno, D., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Ma, J. F. 2005. Tolerance and accumulation of zinc and cadmium in two ecotypes of Thlaspi caerulescens. Li, C. J. (ed.) Plant Nutrition for Food Security, Human Health and Environmental Protection. Proceedings 15th International Plant Nutrition Colloquium, Beijing, 14-19 September 2005 . Tsinghua University Press, Beijing. pp. 660-661

Does cadmium hyperaccumulation protect Thlaspi caerulescens and Arabidopsis halleri from leaf feeding damage by thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis P.)?

Jiang, R. F., Ma, D. Y., Zhao, F-J., Dunham, S. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2005. Does cadmium hyperaccumulation protect Thlaspi caerulescens and Arabidopsis halleri from leaf feeding damage by thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis P.)? Li, C. J. (ed.) Plant Nutrition for Food Security, Human Health and Environmental Protection. Proceedings 15th International Plant Nutrition Colloquium, Beijing, 14-19 September 2005 . Tsinghua University Press, Beijing. pp. 632-633

Genetic analysis of cadmium and zinc hyperaccumulation in the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens

Zhao, F-J., Dunham, S. J., Orhant, M., McGrath, S. P., Jiang, R. F., Zha, H-G. and Schat, H. 2005. Genetic analysis of cadmium and zinc hyperaccumulation in the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Li, C. J. (ed.) Plant Nutrition for Food Security, Human Health and Environmental Protection. Proceedings 15th International Plant Nutrition Colloquium, Beijing, 14-19 September 2005 . Tsinghua University Press, Beijing. pp. 632-633

Phytoextraction of metals from contaminated soils: where is it going?

McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2005. Phytoextraction of metals from contaminated soils: where is it going? Li, C. J. (ed.) Plant Nutrition for Food Security, Human Health and Environmental Protection. Proceedings 15th International Plant Nutrition Colloquium, Beijing, 14-19 September 2005 . Tsinghua University Press, Beijing. pp. 46-47

The nutriome - a genomic scale screen of cell-type specific activation tagged plants for altered accumulation of nutrients and toxic elements

Hannink, N., Safwat, G., Skrumsager Moller, I., Plett, D., Johnson, A., Coates, J., Roy, S., Abakumova, I., Jha, D., Day, J., Gibson, S., McGrath, S. P., Hibberd, J., Guiderdoni, E., Haseloff, J., Leigh, R. and Tester, M. 2005. The nutriome - a genomic scale screen of cell-type specific activation tagged plants for altered accumulation of nutrients and toxic elements. Li, C. J. (ed.) Plant Nutrition for Food Security, Human Health and Environmental Protection. Proceedings 15th International Plant Nutrition Colloquium, Beijing, 14-19 September 2005 . Tsinghua University Press, Beijing. pp. 74-75

Plant nutrition for food security, human health and environmental protection. Proceedings 15th International Plant Nutrition Colloquium, Beijing, 14-19 September 2005

Li, C. J., Zhang, F-S., Doberman, A., Hinsinger, P., Lambers, H., Li, X. L., Marschner, P., Maene, L., McGrath, S. P., Oenema, O., Peng, S. B., Rengel, Z., Shen, Q. R., Welch, R., Von Wiren, N. and Yan, X. L. Zhu, Y-G. (ed.) 2005. Plant nutrition for food security, human health and environmental protection. Proceedings 15th International Plant Nutrition Colloquium, Beijing, 14-19 September 2005. Tsinghua University Press, Beijing.

Identification of the form of Cd in the leaves of a superior Cd-accumulating ecotype of Thlaspi caerulescens using 113Cd-NMR

Ueno, D., Ma, J. F., Iwashita, T., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2005. Identification of the form of Cd in the leaves of a superior Cd-accumulating ecotype of Thlaspi caerulescens using 113Cd-NMR. Planta. 221, pp. 928-936.

Cadmium hyperaccumulation protects Thlaspi caerulescens from leaf feeding damage by thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis )

Jiang, R. F., Ma, D. Y., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2005. Cadmium hyperaccumulation protects Thlaspi caerulescens from leaf feeding damage by thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis ). New Phytologist. 167 (3), pp. 805-814.

An inter-laboratory study to test the ability of amendments to reduce the availability of Cd, Pb and Zn in situ

Brown, S., Christensen, B., Lombi, E., Mclaughlin, M., McGrath, S. P., Colpaert, J. and Vangronsveld, J. 2005. An inter-laboratory study to test the ability of amendments to reduce the availability of Cd, Pb and Zn in situ. Environmental Pollution. 138, pp. 34-45.

Evaluating a 'Free Ion Activity Model' applied to metal uptake by Lolium perenne L. grown in contaminated soils

Hough, R. L., Tye, A. M., Crout, N. M. J., McGrath, S. P., Zhang, H. and Young, S. D. 2005. Evaluating a 'Free Ion Activity Model' applied to metal uptake by Lolium perenne L. grown in contaminated soils. Plant and Soil. 270, pp. 1-12.

Sulphur fractionation in calcareous soils and bioavailability to plants

Hu, Z. Y., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2005. Sulphur fractionation in calcareous soils and bioavailability to plants. Plant and Soil. 268, pp. 103-109.

Toxicity and bioavailability of metals to plants

Zhao, F-J., Rooney, C., McGrath, S. P., Song, J. and Zhang, H. 2005. Toxicity and bioavailability of metals to plants. Proceedings 8th International Conference on the Bioavailability of Trace Elements, Adelaide, 3-7 April 2005 .

In-situ remediation of a heavy metal polluted soil using red mud

Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Dennis, P. G., Dunham, S. J. and Gray, C. W. 2005. In-situ remediation of a heavy metal polluted soil using red mud. Proceedings 8th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Adelaide, 3-7 April 2005 .

Developing a TBLM: copper effect on barley root elongation

Thakali, S., Allen, H. E., Di Toro, D. M., Ponizovsky, A. A., Rooney, C., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2005. Developing a TBLM: copper effect on barley root elongation. Proceedings 8th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Adelaide, 3-7 April 2005 .

Predicting Zn and Cd ion activity and plant uptake using soil properties

Song, J., Zhao, F-J., Luo, L. and McGrath, S. P. 2005. Predicting Zn and Cd ion activity and plant uptake using soil properties. Proceedings 8th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Adelaide, 3-7 April 2005 .

Modelling of cadmium uptake by spring wheat in agricultural land amended with sewage sludge

Morales-Scott, M., Young, S. D., Crout, N. M. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2005. Modelling of cadmium uptake by spring wheat in agricultural land amended with sewage sludge. Proceedings 8th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Adelaide, 3-7 April 2005 .

Long-term sludge experiments: the effects of heavy metals on soil microbial activity and long-term soil fertility

Gibbs, P. A., Chambers, B. J., Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P., Carlton-Smith, C. H., Godley, A. R., Bacon, J. R., Campbell, C. D. and Aitken, M. N. 2005. Long-term sludge experiments: the effects of heavy metals on soil microbial activity and long-term soil fertility. Proceedings 8th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Adelaide, 3-7 April 2005 .

Subcellular localisation of Cd and Zn in the leaves of a Cd-hyperaccumulating ecotype of Thlaspi caerulescens

Ma, J. F., Ueno, D., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2005. Subcellular localisation of Cd and Zn in the leaves of a Cd-hyperaccumulating ecotype of Thlaspi caerulescens. Planta. 220, pp. 731-736.

Comparison of different microbial bioassays to assess metal-contaminated soils

Tandy, S., Barbosa, V. L., Tye, A., Preston, S., Paton, G., Zhang, H. and McGrath, S. P. 2005. Comparison of different microbial bioassays to assess metal-contaminated soils. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 24 (3), pp. 530-536.

Comparison of root absorption, translocation and tolerance of arsenic in the hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata and the nonhyperaccumulator Pteris tremula

Caille, N., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2005. Comparison of root absorption, translocation and tolerance of arsenic in the hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata and the nonhyperaccumulator Pteris tremula. New Phytologist. 165 (3), pp. 755-761.

Industrial [pollution]

McGrath, S. P. 2005. Industrial [pollution]. Elsevier Academic Press, Amsterdam.

Terrestrial Biotic Ligand Model (TBLM) to predict copper toxicity in soil systems

Thakali, S., Ponizovsky, A., Metzler, D., Allen, H., Di Toro, D. M., Rooney, C., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2004. Terrestrial Biotic Ligand Model (TBLM) to predict copper toxicity in soil systems. Abstracts Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) 25th Annual Meeting, Portland, 14-18 November 2004 .

Development of the malate:sulphate ratio test for sulphur deficiency in winter wheat and oilseed rape (HGCA Project Report No. 327)

Blake-Kalff, M. M. A., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Withers, P. J. A. 2004. Development of the malate:sulphate ratio test for sulphur deficiency in winter wheat and oilseed rape (HGCA Project Report No. 327). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Long-term sludge experiments: soil metal bioavailability to crops and microbes

Chambers, B. J., Gibbs, P., McGrath, S. P., Chaudri, A. M., Carlton-Smith, C. H., Godley, A., Bacon, J., Campbell, C. and Aitken, M. 2004. Long-term sludge experiments: soil metal bioavailability to crops and microbes. Abstracts Sustainable Land Application Conference, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, 4-8 January 2004 . pp. 21

In-situ remediation of a heavy metal polluted soil using red mud

Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Dennis, P. G. and Dunham, S. J. 2004. In-situ remediation of a heavy metal polluted soil using red mud. Abstracts Eurosoil 2004, Freiburg, 4-12 September 2004 .

Risk assessment for soil protection

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J., Smolders, E., Buekers, J., Lock, K., Janssen, C. and Mclaughlin, M. 2004. Risk assessment for soil protection. Abstracts Eurosoil 2004, Freiburg, 4-12 September 2004 .

Phytoextraction of metals from contaminated soils: fact and fiction

Zhao, F-J. 2004. Phytoextraction of metals from contaminated soils: fact and fiction. McGrath, S. P., Vanek, T., Marschner, B., Zhao, F-J., Luo, Y. M., Newman, L., Edelman, T. and Japenga, J. (ed.) Proceedings 2nd International Conference on Soil Pollution and Remediation (SoilRem), Nanjing, 9-12 November 2004 . pp. 168-169

Cadmium uptake by the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens on a range of contaminated soils

Yanai, J., Zhao, F-J. and Kosaki, T. 2004. Cadmium uptake by the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens on a range of contaminated soils. McGrath, S. P., Vanek, T., Marschner, B., Zhao, F-J., Luo, Y. M., Newman, L., Edelman, T. and Japenga, J. (ed.) Proceedings 2nd International Conference on Soil Pollution and Remediation (SoilRem), Nanjing, 9-12 November 2004 . pp. 203-204

Phytoremediation of arsenic-contaminated soils using the hyperaccumulating fern Pteris vittata

Shelmerdine, P. A., Black, C. R. and Young, S. D. 2004. Phytoremediation of arsenic-contaminated soils using the hyperaccumulating fern Pteris vittata. McGrath, S. P., Vanek, T., Marschner, B., Zhao, F-J., Luo, Y. M., Newman, L., Edelman, T. and Japenga, J. (ed.) Proceedings 2nd International Conference on Soil Pollution and Remediation (SoilRem), Nanjing, 9-12 November 2004 . pp. 205-212

Risk assessment for soil protection

Zhao, F-J., Smolders, E., Buekers, J., Lock, K., Janssen, C. and Mclaughlin, M. 2004. Risk assessment for soil protection. McGrath, S. P., Vanek, T., Marschner, B., Zhao, F-J., Luo, Y. M., Newman, L., Edelman, T. and Japenga, J. (ed.) Proceedings 2nd International Conference on Soil Pollution and Remediation (SoilRem), Nanjing, 9-12 November 2004 . pp. 33

Rhizoremediation of land contaminated with persistent organic pollutants

Johnson, D. L. and McGrath, S. P. 2004. Rhizoremediation of land contaminated with persistent organic pollutants. Abstracts Final Grantholders Workshop on Biological Interactions in the Root Environment, Belton Nr Grantham, 24-25 November 2004 . pp. 24

Zinc tolerance and accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana

Donnelly, S. J., Broadley, M. R., Black, C. R., Young, S. D. and Pyke, K. A. 2004. Zinc tolerance and accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana. McGrath, S. P., Vanek, T., Marschner, B., Zhao, F-J., Luo, Y. M., Newman, L., Edelman, T. and Japenga, J. (ed.) Proceedings 2nd International Conference on Soil Pollution and Remediation (SoilRem), Nanjing, 9-12 November 2004 . pp. 186-193

Pollution-induced community tolerance of soil microbes in response to a zinc gradient

Davis, M. R. H., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2004. Pollution-induced community tolerance of soil microbes in response to a zinc gradient. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 23 (11), pp. 2665-2672.

Kinetics of Zn release in soils and prediction of Zn concentration in plants using diffusive gradients in thin films

Zhang, H., Lombi, E., Smolders, E. and McGrath, S. P. 2004. Kinetics of Zn release in soils and prediction of Zn concentration in plants using diffusive gradients in thin films. Environmental Science & Technology. 38, pp. 3608-3613.

Speciation and solubility of Cu, Ni and Pb in contaminated soils

Tye, A. M., Young, S., Crout, N. M. J., Zhang, H., Preston, S., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2004. Speciation and solubility of Cu, Ni and Pb in contaminated soils. European Journal of Soil Science. 55 (3), pp. 579-590.

Arsenic hyperaccumulation by Pteris vittata from arsenic contaminated soils and the effect of liming and phosphate fertilisation

Caille, N., Swanwick, S., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2004. Arsenic hyperaccumulation by Pteris vittata from arsenic contaminated soils and the effect of liming and phosphate fertilisation. Environmental Pollution. 132, pp. 113-120.

Co-segregation analysis of cadmium and zinc accumulation in Thlaspi caerulescens interecotypic crosses

Zha, H-G., Jiang, R. F., Zhao, F-J., Vooijs, R., Schat, H., Barker, J. H. A. and McGrath, S. P. 2004. Co-segregation analysis of cadmium and zinc accumulation in Thlaspi caerulescens interecotypic crosses. New Phytologist. 163 (2), pp. 299-312.

Factors affecting concentrations of lead in British wheat and barley grain

Zhao, F-J., Adams, M. L., Dumont, C., McGrath, S. P., Chaudri, A. M., Nicholson, F. A., Chambers, B. J. and Sinclair, A. H. 2004. Factors affecting concentrations of lead in British wheat and barley grain. Environmental Pollution. 131, pp. 461-468.

Assessment of the use of industrial by-products to remediate a copper- and arsenic-contaminated soil

Lombi, E., Hamon, R. E., Wieshammer, G., Mclaughlin, M. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2004. Assessment of the use of industrial by-products to remediate a copper- and arsenic-contaminated soil. Journal of Environmental Quality. 33, pp. 902-910.

A new method for the determination of the 34S/32S ratio of water-soluble sulphur in soil

Fox, M. A., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2004. A new method for the determination of the 34S/32S ratio of water-soluble sulphur in soil. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry. 84, pp. 323-329.

Predicting cadmium concentrations in wheat and barley grain using soil properties

Adams, M. L., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Nicholson, F. A. and Chambers, B. J. 2004. Predicting cadmium concentrations in wheat and barley grain using soil properties. Journal of Environmental Quality. 33, pp. 532-541.

Copper uptake by Elsholtzia splendens and Silene vulgaris and assessment of copper phytoavailablilty in contaminated soils

Song, J., Zhao, F-J., Luo, Y-M., McGrath, S. P. and Zhang, H. 2004. Copper uptake by Elsholtzia splendens and Silene vulgaris and assessment of copper phytoavailablilty in contaminated soils. Environmental Pollution. 128, pp. 307-315.

Enhanced dissipation of chrysene in planted soil: the impact of rhizobial inoculum

Johnson, D. L., Maguire, K. L., Anderson, D. R. and McGrath, S. P. 2004. Enhanced dissipation of chrysene in planted soil: the impact of rhizobial inoculum. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 36, pp. 33-38.

Soil microbial response during the phytoremediation of PAH contaminated soil

Johnson, D. L. and McGrath, S. P. 2003. Soil microbial response during the phytoremediation of PAH contaminated soil. Proceedings BCPC International Congress - Crop Science and Technology, Glasgow, 10-12 November 2003 . pp. 393-398

Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Uppsala, 15-19 June 2003

Gobran, G. R., Lepp, N., Adriano, D. C., Bergstrom, L., Finlay, R., Iskander, A., Lombi, E., McGrath, S. P., Punshon, T., Selim, M. and Selinus, O. Wenzel, W. (ed.) 2003. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Uppsala, 15-19 June 2003. International Society of Trace Element Biogeochemistry, Uppsala.

The fate of 13C, 15N and 34S labelled inputs in arable soils

Fox, M. A., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2003. The fate of 13C, 15N and 34S labelled inputs in arable soils. Abstracts Annual Meeting of the Stable Isotope Mass Spectrometry Users Group: SIMSUG 2003, Bristol, 14-16 April 2003 .

Phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soils: mechanisms and feasibility

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2003. Phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soils: mechanisms and feasibility. Abstracts Joint BSSS/SETAC Meeting on Integrating Novel Approaches to Pollution Research in Terrestrial and Marine Environments, Aberdeen, 7-10 September 2003 .

Risk assessment of metals in the terrestrial environment

McGrath, S. P. and Smolders, E. 2003. Risk assessment of metals in the terrestrial environment. Abstracts Joint BSSS/SETAC Meeting on Integrating Novel Approaches to Pollution Research in Terrestrial and Marine Environments, Aberdeen, 7-10 September 2003 .

Phytoextraction of metals: investigation of hyperaccumulation and field testing

Caille, N., Lombi, E. and McGrath, S. P. 2003. Phytoextraction of metals: investigation of hyperaccumulation and field testing. Proceedings CL:AIRE Annual Project Conference, London, 31 March 2003 .

Hazard assessment of metals and metal compounds in terrestrial systems

Smolders, E., Fairbrother, A., Hale, B., Lombi, E., McGrath, S. P., Mclaughlin, M., Rutgers, M. and Van Der Vliet, L. 2003. Hazard assessment of metals and metal compounds in terrestrial systems. Abstracts SETAC 24th Annual Meeting: Science without Borders. Developing Solutions for Global Environmental Challenges, Austin, 8-13 November 2003 .

Development and use of the Rothamsted Lime Model (RothLime)

McGrath, S. P. and Goulding, K. W. T. 2003. Development and use of the Rothamsted Lime Model (RothLime). Abstracts ALA Seminar on Natural Lime and the Environment, Harpenden, 27 May 2003 .

Changes in sulphur deposition and the effects on sulphur fertiliser use in Europe

McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2003. Changes in sulphur deposition and the effects on sulphur fertiliser use in Europe. Proceedings 17th FMB European Fertilizer Conference and Exhibition, Munich, 22-24 October 2003 .

Accumulation and distribution of aluminium and other elements in tea (Camellia sinensis ) leaves

Carr, H. P., Lombi, E., Kupper, H., McGrath, S. P. and Wong, M. H. 2003. Accumulation and distribution of aluminium and other elements in tea (Camellia sinensis ) leaves. Agronomie. 23, pp. 705-710.

Soil protection and remediation

McGrath, S. P. 2003. Soil protection and remediation. Abstracts SEESOIL Winter Meeting on Soil Health and Quality, Harpenden, 18 December 2003 .

Predicting the activity of Cd2+ and Zn2+ in soil pore water from the radio-labile metal fraction

Tye, A. M., Young, S. D., Crout, N. M. J., Zhang, H., Preston, S., Barbosa-Jefferson, V. L., Davison, W., McGrath, S. P., Paton, G. I., Kilham, K. and Resende, L. 2003. Predicting the activity of Cd2+ and Zn2+ in soil pore water from the radio-labile metal fraction. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 67, pp. 375-385.

How shocking is zinc? or: the effects of Zn contamination on soil microbial processes - elucidation of shock and adaptation effects

McGrath, S. P., Davis, M. and Zhao, F-J. 2003. How shocking is zinc? or: the effects of Zn contamination on soil microbial processes - elucidation of shock and adaptation effects. Proceedings 20th International Galvanizing Conference and Exhibition, Amsterdam, 1-6 June 2003 .

Importance of sulfur for the quality of breadmaking wheat and malting barley

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2003. Importance of sulfur for the quality of breadmaking wheat and malting barley. in: Hawkesford, M. J., Rennenberg, H., Schnug, E., Grill, D., Stulen, I., Dekok, L. J. and Davidian, J-C. (ed.) Sulfur transport and assimilation in plants Backhuys Publishers, Leiden Netherlands. pp. 133-143

Comparison of toxicity of zinc for soil microbial processes between laboratory-contamined (sic) and polluted field soils

Smolders, E., McGrath, S. P., Lombi, E., Karman, C. C., Bernhard, R., Cools, D., Van Den Brande, K., Van Os, B. and Walrave, N. 2003. Comparison of toxicity of zinc for soil microbial processes between laboratory-contamined (sic) and polluted field soils. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 22, pp. 2592-2598.

Lability of Cd, Cu, and Zn in polluted soils treated with lime, beringite, and red mud and identification of a non-labile colloidal fraction of metals using isotopic techniques

Lombi, E., Hamon, R. E., McGrath, S. P. and Mclaughlin, M. J. 2003. Lability of Cd, Cu, and Zn in polluted soils treated with lime, beringite, and red mud and identification of a non-labile colloidal fraction of metals using isotopic techniques. Environmental Science & Technology. 37, pp. 979-984.

Sulphur: a secondary? Not anymore!

McGrath, S. P. 2003. Sulphur: a secondary? Not anymore!

Phytoextraction of metals and metalloids from contaminated soils

McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2003. Phytoextraction of metals and metalloids from contaminated soils. Current Opinion in Biotechnology. 14, pp. 277-282.

The role of phytochelatins in arsenic tolerance in the hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata

Zhao, F-J., Wang, J. R., Barker, J. H. A., Schat, H., Bleeker, P. M. and McGrath, S. P. 2003. The role of phytochelatins in arsenic tolerance in the hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata. New Phytologist. 159 (2), pp. 403-410.

An assessment of the shock and adaptation effects of Zn on microorganisms in soils

Davis, M. R. H., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2003. An assessment of the shock and adaptation effects of Zn on microorganisms in soils. Proceedings 7th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Uppsala, 15-19 June 2003 . pp. 256-257

Comparison of chemically-enhanced phytoextraction by arable crops and short rotation coppice with hyperaccumulator plants

Maxted, A. P., Young, S. D., Black, C. R., West, H. M. and McGrath, S. P. 2003. Comparison of chemically-enhanced phytoextraction by arable crops and short rotation coppice with hyperaccumulator plants. Proceedings 7th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Uppsala, 15-19 June 2003 . pp. 104-105

Assessment of plant toxicity of copper in different European soils

Rooney, C., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2003. Assessment of plant toxicity of copper in different European soils. Proceedings 7th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Uppsala, 15-19 June 2003 . pp. 274-275

Toxicity of metals to plants

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J., Rooney, C. and Zhang, H. 2003. Toxicity of metals to plants. Proceedings 7th International Congress on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Uppsala, 15-19 June 2003 . pp. 212-213

Effects of spatial heterogeneity of soil Cd on the growth, root distribution and Cd uptake by the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens

Yanai, J., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Kosaki, T. 2003. Effects of spatial heterogeneity of soil Cd on the growth, root distribution and Cd uptake by the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Proceedings 7th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Uppsala, 15-19 June 2003 . Wiley.

Assessment of the arsenic phytoextraction potential of two ferns, Pteris vittata and Pteris cretica by field and pot experiments

Caille, N., Swanwick, S., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2003. Assessment of the arsenic phytoextraction potential of two ferns, Pteris vittata and Pteris cretica by field and pot experiments. Proceedings 7th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Uppsala, 15-19 June 2003 . pp. 40-41

Arsenic hyperaccumulation by different fern species: mechanisms and phytoremediation potential

Zhao, F-J., Dunham, S. J., Wang, J. R. and McGrath, S. P. 2003. Arsenic hyperaccumulation by different fern species: mechanisms and phytoremediation potential. Proceedings 7th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Uppsala, 15-19 June 2003 . pp. 216-217

Stable sulfur isotope ratio indicates long-term changes in sulfur deposition in the Broadbalk Experiment since 1845

Zhao, F-J., Knights, J. S., Hu, Z. Y. and McGrath, S. P. 2003. Stable sulfur isotope ratio indicates long-term changes in sulfur deposition in the Broadbalk Experiment since 1845. Journal of Environmental Quality. 32, pp. 33-39.

Assessing the potential for zinc and cadmium phytoremediation with the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens

Zhao, F-J., Lombi, E. and McGrath, S. P. 2003. Assessing the potential for zinc and cadmium phytoremediation with the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Plant and Soil. 249, pp. 37-43.

Uptake and distribution of nickel and other metals in the hyperaccumulator Berkheya coddii

Robinson, B. H., Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2003. Uptake and distribution of nickel and other metals in the hyperaccumulator Berkheya coddii. New Phytologist. 158 (2), pp. 279-285.

A practical evaluation of microwave and conventional wet digestion techniques for the determination of Cd, Cu and Zn in wheat grain

Adams, M. L., Chaudri, A. M., Rousseau, I. and McGrath, S. P. 2003. A practical evaluation of microwave and conventional wet digestion techniques for the determination of Cd, Cu and Zn in wheat grain. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry. 83, pp. 307-314.

Survival and plasmid stability of rhizobia introduced into a contaminated soil

Castro, I. V., Ferreira, E. M. and McGrath, S. P. 2003. Survival and plasmid stability of rhizobia introduced into a contaminated soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 35, pp. 49-54.

Use of cyclonic ashes to remediate metal contaminated soils

Vangronsveld, J., Colpaert, J. V., Ruttens, A., Lombi, E., Christensen, B., McGrath, S. P., Brown, S. and Mclaughlin, M. 2002. Use of cyclonic ashes to remediate metal contaminated soils. Abstracts SETAC North America 23rd Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, 16-20 November 2002 . pp. 7

Comparison of biological and chemical indicators to evaluate soil remediation

McGrath, S. P., Lombi, E., Mclaughlin, M., Brown, S. and Vangronsveld, J. 2002. Comparison of biological and chemical indicators to evaluate soil remediation. Abstracts SETAC North America 23rd Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, 16-20 November 2002 . pp. 7

Prediction of Cd concentrations in wheat grain using simple soil and crop data

McGrath, S. P., Chaudri, A. M., Zhao, F-J., Nicholson, F. J. and Chambers, B. J. 2002. Prediction of Cd concentrations in wheat grain using simple soil and crop data. Abstracts SETAC North America 23rd Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, 16-20 November 2002 . pp. 38

Importance of sorption versus fixation reactions in decreasing metal bioavailability for in situ remediation

Lombi, E., Hamon, R. E., Mclaughlin, M., McGrath, S. P., Brown, S., Vangronsveld, J., Christensen, B., Colpaert, J. and Ferguson, V. 2002. Importance of sorption versus fixation reactions in decreasing metal bioavailability for in situ remediation. Abstracts SETAC North America 23rd Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, 16-20 November 2002 . pp. 8

Ability of soil amendments to reduce metal bioavailability on zinc and lead mine tailings

Brown, S., Christiansen, B., McGrath, S. P., Lombi, E., Mclaughlin, M. and Vangronsveld, J. 2002. Ability of soil amendments to reduce metal bioavailability on zinc and lead mine tailings. Abstracts SETAC North America 23rd Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, 16-20 November 2002 . pp. 7

Mechanisms of zinc, cadmuim and arsenic hyperaccumulation in plants

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Mechanisms of zinc, cadmuim and arsenic hyperaccumulation in plants. Abstracts COST Action 837 Working Group 2 and Working Group 4 Meeting on Phytoremediation of Toxic Metals, Stockholm, 12-15 June 2003 . pp. 15

Statistical and geostatistical analysis of the National Soil Inventory of England and Wales. Technical Report to the Department of Food and Rural Affairs

Oliver, M. A., Loveland, P. J., Frogbrook, Z. L., Webster, R. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Statistical and geostatistical analysis of the National Soil Inventory of England and Wales. Technical Report to the Department of Food and Rural Affairs. Available on CD-ROM from the National Soil Resources Institute, Cranfield University, Silsoe, Bedford MK45 4DT.

Crop quality effects of sulphur and nitrogen

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Blake-Kalff, M. M. A. 2002. Crop quality effects of sulphur and nitrogen. Proceedings H-GCA R & D Conference on Agronomic Intelligence: the Basis for Profitable Production . Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London. pp. 12.1-12.12

Bioavailability of metals to soil microbes

McGrath, S. P. 2002. Bioavailability of metals to soil microbes. in: Allen, H. E. (ed.) Bioavailabilty of metals in terrestrial ecosystems: importance of partitioning for bioavailability to invertebrates, microbes and plants Society of Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry (SETAC). pp. 69-87

Evaluation of critical phases of sulphur supply for optimum yield and quality of wheat (H-GCA Project Report 272)

Hawkesford, M. J., Palmer, R. V., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Evaluation of critical phases of sulphur supply for optimum yield and quality of wheat (H-GCA Project Report 272). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Nematode communities under stress: the long-term effects of heavy metals in soil treated with sewage sludge

Georgieva, S. S., McGrath, S. P., Hooper, D. J. and Chambers, B. S. 2002. Nematode communities under stress: the long-term effects of heavy metals in soil treated with sewage sludge. Applied Soil Ecology. 20, pp. 27-42.

Assessing bioavailability of zinc, cadmium and copper in soils to the indicator plant Lepidium heterophyllum

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Assessing bioavailability of zinc, cadmium and copper in soils to the indicator plant Lepidium heterophyllum. Abstracts COST Action 837 4th Working Group 2 Workshop - Risk Assessment and Sustainable Land Management using Plants in Trace Element-contaminated soils, Villenave d'Ornon, 25-27 April 2002 . pp. 20-21

Heavy metal and metalloid hyperaccumulating plants: physiology and potential for phytoremediation

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Heavy metal and metalloid hyperaccumulating plants: physiology and potential for phytoremediation. Abstracts 9th New Phytologist Symposium: Heavy Metals and Plants from Ecosystems to Biomolecules, University of Pennsylvania, 29 September-1 October 2002 . pp. 25

Uptake of metals by plants sharing a rhizosphere with the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens

Gove, B., Hutchinson, J. J., Young, S. D., Craigon, J. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Uptake of metals by plants sharing a rhizosphere with the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. International Journal of Phytoremediation. 4, pp. 267-281.

Bioavailability of heavy metals from sewage sludge and some long-term effects on soil microbes in agricultural ecosystems

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Chaudri, A. M. 2002. Bioavailability of heavy metals from sewage sludge and some long-term effects on soil microbes in agricultural ecosystems. IAEA, Vienna.

Sulphur in soils: processes, behaviour and measurement

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Blake-Kalff, M. M. A. 2002. Sulphur in soils: processes, behaviour and measurement.

Sulphur deficiency diagnosis using plant tissue analysis

Blake-Kalff, M. M. A., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Sulphur deficiency diagnosis using plant tissue analysis.

History and outlook for sulphur fertilisers in Europe

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Blake-Kalff, M. M. A. 2002. History and outlook for sulphur fertilisers in Europe.

Crop responses to sulphur fertilisation in Europe

Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Blake-Kalff, M. M. A., Link, A. and Tucker, M. 2002. Crop responses to sulphur fertilisation in Europe.

Mechanisms of arsenic hyperaccumulation in Pteris vittata . Uptake kinetics, interactions with phosphate and arsenic speciation

Wang, J., Zhao, F-J., Meharg, A. A., Raab, A., Feldmann, J. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Mechanisms of arsenic hyperaccumulation in Pteris vittata . Uptake kinetics, interactions with phosphate and arsenic speciation. Plant Physiology. 130, pp. 1552-1561.

Arsenic hyperaccumulation by different fern species

Zhao, F-J., Dunham, S. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Arsenic hyperaccumulation by different fern species. New Phytologist. 156 (1), pp. 27-31.

Stable sulphur isotope ratio as an indicator of atmospheric sulphur inputs to agricultural systems

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Stable sulphur isotope ratio as an indicator of atmospheric sulphur inputs to agricultural systems. Abstracts 17th World Congress of Soil Science, Bangkok, 14-21 August 2002 . pp. 1836

In situ remediation of metal-contaminated soils: chemical, biological and isotopic assessments

Mclaughlin, M., Ferguson, V., Hamon, R., McGrath, S. P., Lombi, E., Brown, S., Christiansen, B., Vangronsveld, J. and Ruttens, A. 2002. In situ remediation of metal-contaminated soils: chemical, biological and isotopic assessments. Proceedings 17th World Congress of Soil Science, Bangkok, 14-21 August 2002 . pp. 1315

Hyperaccumulation of cadmium and zinc: physiological background and phytoextraction potential

Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J., Dunham, S. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Hyperaccumulation of cadmium and zinc: physiological background and phytoextraction potential. Proceedings 17th World Congress on Soil Science, Bangkok, 14-21 August 2002 . pp. 1335

In situ fixation of metals and metalloids using iron-rich co-products

Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. In situ fixation of metals and metalloids using iron-rich co-products. Proceedings 17th World Congress of Soil Science, Bangkok, 14-21 August 2002 . pp. 756.1-756.8

Arsenic distribution and speciation in the fronds of the hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata

Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J., Fuhrmann, M., Ma, L. Q. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Arsenic distribution and speciation in the fronds of the hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata. New Phytologist. 156 (2), pp. 195-203.

Trace metal leaching through a soil-grassland system after sewage sludge application

Keller, C., McGrath, S. P. and Dunham, S. J. 2002. Trace metal leaching through a soil-grassland system after sewage sludge application. Journal of Environmental Quality. 31, pp. 1550-1560.

Evidence of low selenium concentrations in UK bread-making wheat grain

Adams, M. L., Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Evidence of low selenium concentrations in UK bread-making wheat grain. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 82 (10), pp. 1160-1165.

Leaching losses of sulphur from different forms of sulphur fertilizers: a field lysimeter study

Riley, N. G., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Leaching losses of sulphur from different forms of sulphur fertilizers: a field lysimeter study. Soil Use and Management. 18 (2), pp. 120-126.

Recommendations for testing toxicity to microbes in soil

McGrath, S. P., Checkai, R. T., Scott-Fordsmund, J. J., Glazebrook, P. W., Paton, G. I. and Visser, S. 2002. Recommendations for testing toxicity to microbes in soil. in: Fairbrother, A. (ed.) Test methods to determine hazards of sparingly soluble metal compounds in soils Society of Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry (SETAC). pp. 17-35

Influence of iron status on cadmium and zinc uptake by different ecotypes of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens

Lombi, E., Tearall, K. L., Howarth, J. R., Zhao, F-J., Hawkesford, M. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Influence of iron status on cadmium and zinc uptake by different ecotypes of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Plant Physiology. 128 (4), pp. 1359-1367.

Predicting arsenic solubility in contaminated soils using isotopic dilution techniques

Tye, A. M., Young, S. D., Crout, N. M. J., Zhang, H., Preston, S., Bailey, E. H., Davison, W., McGrath, S. P., Paton, G. I. and Kilham, K. 2002. Predicting arsenic solubility in contaminated soils using isotopic dilution techniques. Environmental Science & Technology. 36, pp. 982-988.

In situ fixation of metals in soils using bauxite residue: chemical assessment

Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J., Zhang, G., Sun, B., Fitz, W., Zhang, H. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. In situ fixation of metals in soils using bauxite residue: chemical assessment. Environmental Pollution. 118, pp. 435-443.

In situ fixation of metals in soils using bauxite residue: biological effects

Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J., Wieshammer, G., Zhang, G. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. In situ fixation of metals in soils using bauxite residue: biological effects. Environmental Pollution. 118, pp. 445-452.

Characteristics of cadmium uptake in two contrasting ecotypes of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens

Zhao, F-J., Hamon, R. E., Lombi, E., Mclaughlin, M. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Characteristics of cadmium uptake in two contrasting ecotypes of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Journal of Experimental Botany. 53, pp. 535-543.

Phytoremediation of metals, metalloids, and radionuclides

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Lombi, E. 2002. Phytoremediation of metals, metalloids, and radionuclides. Advances in Agronomy. 75, pp. 1-56.

Soil solid-phase controls lead activity in soil solution

Badawy, S. H., Helal, M. I. D., Chaudri, A. M., Lawlor, K. and McGrath, S. P. 2002. Soil solid-phase controls lead activity in soil solution. Journal of Environmental Quality. 31, pp. 162-167.

Cadmium and lead in British wheat and barley: survey results and factors affecting their concentration in grain (HGCA Project Report No. 265)

Adams, M. L., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Nicholson, F. A., Chalmers, A., Chambers, B. J. and Sinclair, A. H. 2001. Cadmium and lead in British wheat and barley: survey results and factors affecting their concentration in grain (HGCA Project Report No. 265). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Effects of sulphur on yield and malting quality of winter and spring barley (HGCA Project Report No. 251)

Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Davies, N. 2001. Effects of sulphur on yield and malting quality of winter and spring barley (HGCA Project Report No. 251). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Identification of genes involved in cadmium hyper-accumulation in a higher plant, Thlaspi caerulescens

Tearall, K. L., Howarth, J. R., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Hawkesford, M. J. 2001. Identification of genes involved in cadmium hyper-accumulation in a higher plant, Thlaspi caerulescens. Abstracts SEB Annual Meeting, Canterbury, 2-6 April 2001 . pp. c1.120

Hyperaccumulation of Zn by Thlaspi caerulescens can ameliorate Zn toxicity in the rhizosphere of cocropped Thlaspi arvense

Whiting, S. N., Leake, J. R., McGrath, S. P. and Baker, A. J. M. 2001. Hyperaccumulation of Zn by Thlaspi caerulescens can ameliorate Zn toxicity in the rhizosphere of cocropped Thlaspi arvense. Environmental Science & Technology. 35, pp. 3237-3241.

Factorial kriging of a soil inventory

Webster, R., Oliver, M. A., Loveland, P. J., Frogbrook, Z. and McGrath, S. P. 2001. Factorial kriging of a soil inventory. Kleingeld, W. J. and Krige, D. G. (ed.) Geostatistics 2000, Cape Town. Vol. 2 . Geostatistical Association of South Africa, Cape Town. pp. 623-632

Assessment of Zn mobilization in the rhizosphere of Thlaspi caerulescens by bioassay with non-accumulator plants and soil extraction

Whiting, S. N., Leake, J. R., McGrath, S. P. and Baker, A. J. M. 2001. Assessment of Zn mobilization in the rhizosphere of Thlaspi caerulescens by bioassay with non-accumulator plants and soil extraction. Plant and Soil. 237, pp. 147-156.

Sustainable sulphur and trace elements in soils?

McGrath, S. P. 2001. Sustainable sulphur and trace elements in soils?

Phytoremedation of heavy metal-contaminated soils: natural hyperaccumulation versus chemically enhanced phytoextraction

Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J., Dunham, S. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2001. Phytoremedation of heavy metal-contaminated soils: natural hyperaccumulation versus chemically enhanced phytoextraction. Journal of Environmental Quality. 30, pp. 1919-1926.

The relationship between topsoil and stream sediment heavy metal concentrations and acidification

Hall, J. R., Reynolds, B., Sparks, T., Colgan, A., Thornton, I. and McGrath, S. P. 2001. The relationship between topsoil and stream sediment heavy metal concentrations and acidification. Water Air And Soil Pollution. 130, pp. 1067-1072.

A new measure of effective soil solution concentration predicts metal availability to plants

Zhang, H., Zhao, F-J., Sun, B., Davison, W., Hooda, P. and McGrath, S. P. 2001. A new measure of effective soil solution concentration predicts metal availability to plants. Abstracts Workshop on Chemical Bioavailability in the Terrestrial Environment, Adelaide, 18-20 November 2001 . pp. 19-20

Chemical methods of assessing contaminant bioavailability in soils

McGrath, S. P. 2001. Chemical methods of assessing contaminant bioavailability in soils. Abstracts Workshop on Chemical Bioavailability in the Terrestrial Environment, Adelaide, 18-20 November 2001 . pp. 52-53

Cellular compartmentation of nickel in the hyperaccumulators Alyssum lesbiacum , Alyssum bertolonii and Thlaspi goesingense

Kupper, H., Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J., Wieshammer, G. and McGrath, S. P. 2001. Cellular compartmentation of nickel in the hyperaccumulators Alyssum lesbiacum , Alyssum bertolonii and Thlaspi goesingense. Journal of Experimental Botany. 52, pp. 2291-2300.

Temporal and spatial prediction of radiocaesium transfer to food products

Gillett, A. G., Crout, N. M. J., Absalom, J. P., Wright, S. M., Young, S. D., Howard, B. J., Barnett, C. L., McGrath, S. P., Beresford, N. A. and Voigt, G. 2001. Temporal and spatial prediction of radiocaesium transfer to food products. Radiation and Environmental Biophysics. 40, pp. 227-235.

Zinc accumulation by Thlaspi caerulescens from soils with different Zn availability: a pot study

Whiting, S. N., Leake, J. R., McGrath, S. P. and Baker, A. J. M. 2001. Zinc accumulation by Thlaspi caerulescens from soils with different Zn availability: a pot study. Plant and Soil. 236, pp. 11-18.

Cadmium hyperaccumulation by Thlaspi caerulescens : physiology and potential for phytoremedation

Zhao, F-J., Lombi, E., McGrath, S. P., Hamon, R. E. and Mclaughlin, M. J. 2001. Cadmium hyperaccumulation by Thlaspi caerulescens : physiology and potential for phytoremedation. Proceedings 6th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Guelph, 29 July-2 August 2001 . pp. 210

Use of the enriched stable isotope 34S to study sulphur uptake and distribution in wheat

Zhao, F-J., Verkampen, K. C. J., Birdsey, M., Blake-Kalff, M. M. A. and McGrath, S. P. 2001. Use of the enriched stable isotope 34S to study sulphur uptake and distribution in wheat. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 24, pp. 1551-1560.

Longterm trends in metals in agroecosystems

McGrath, S. P. and Johnston, A. E. 2001. Longterm trends in metals in agroecosystems. Proceedings 6th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Guelph, 29 July-2 August 2001 . pp. 303

Bioavailability of metals in the terrestrial environment

McGrath, S. P. 2001. Bioavailability of metals in the terrestrial environment. Proceedings 6th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Guelph, 29 July-2 August 2001 . pp. 29

Chemically enhanced phytoextraction of heavy metals by maize (Zea mays ) from contaminated soil

Maxted, A. P., Young, S. D., Black, C. R., West, H. M. and McGrath, S. P. 2001. Chemically enhanced phytoextraction of heavy metals by maize (Zea mays ) from contaminated soil. Proceedings 6th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Guelph, 29 July-2 August 2001 . pp. 134

In situ fixation of heavy metals by industrial co-products

Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J., Zhang, G. and McGrath, S. P. 2001. In situ fixation of heavy metals by industrial co-products. Proceedings 6th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Guelph, 29 July-2 August 2001 . pp. 42

Long-term effects of land use and fertiliser treatments on sulphur transformations in soils from the Broadbalk experiment

Knights, J. S., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Magan, N. 2001. Long-term effects of land use and fertiliser treatments on sulphur transformations in soils from the Broadbalk experiment. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 33, pp. 1797-1804.

Temporal trends in cadmium in crops and soils

Johnston, A. E., McGrath, S. P., Chaudri, A. M., Adams, M. L. and Jones, K. C. 2001. Temporal trends in cadmium in crops and soils. Proceedings 6th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Guelph, 29 July-2 August 2001 . pp. 308

Evaluation of the effects of heavy metals in sewage sludge on soil microbial activity and long-term soil fertility

Gibbs, P. A., Chambers, B. J., Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P., Carlton-Smith, C. H., Bacon, J. R., Campbell, C. D. and Aitken, M. N. 2001. Evaluation of the effects of heavy metals in sewage sludge on soil microbial activity and long-term soil fertility. Proceedings 6th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Guelph, 29 July-2 August 2001 . pp. 162

Are soil solution free ionic metal concentrations important in toxicity studies? A study of four sludge field experiments using a bioluminescence biosensor

Chaudri, A. M., Allain, C. M. G., McGrath, S. P., Preston, S., Paton, G. I. and Killham, K. 2001. Are soil solution free ionic metal concentrations important in toxicity studies? A study of four sludge field experiments using a bioluminescence biosensor. Proceedings 6th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Guelph, 29 July-2 August 2001 . pp. 31

Cadmium content of wheat grain from a long-term field experiment with sewage sludge

Chaudri, A. M., Allain, C. M. G., Badawy, S. H., Adams, M. L., McGrath, S. P. and Chambers, B. J. 2001. Cadmium content of wheat grain from a long-term field experiment with sewage sludge. Journal of Environmental Quality. 30, pp. 1575-1580.

Use of soil amendments to restore a vegetative cover on zinc and lead mine tailings

Brown, S., Christiansen, B., McGrath, S. P., Lombi, E., Mclaughlin, M. and Vangronsveld, J. 2001. Use of soil amendments to restore a vegetative cover on zinc and lead mine tailings. Proceedings 6th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Guelph, 29 July-2 August 2001 . pp. 43

A long-term study of the effects of heavy metals in sewage sludge on soil fertility and soil microbial activity

Bacon, J. R., Campbell, C. D., Coull, M. C., Chambers, B. J., Gibbs, P. A., Chaudri, A., McGrath, S. P., Carlton-Smith, C. H. and Aitken, M. 2001. A long-term study of the effects of heavy metals in sewage sludge on soil fertility and soil microbial activity. Dhir, R. K., McCarthy, M. J. and Limbachiya, M. C. (ed.) Recycling and reuse of sewage sludge . Thomas Telford, London. pp. 87-96

Trends in 13C/12C ratios and C isotope discrimination of wheat since 1845

Zhao, F-J., Spiro, B. and McGrath, S. P. 2001. Trends in 13C/12C ratios and C isotope discrimination of wheat since 1845. Oecologia. 128, pp. 336-342.

Molybdenum sequestration in Brassica species. A role for anthocyanins?

Hale, K. L., McGrath, S. P., Lombi, E., Stack, S. M., Terry, N., Pickering, I. J., George, G. N. and Pilon-Smits, E. A. H. 2001. Molybdenum sequestration in Brassica species. A role for anthocyanins? Plant Physiology. 126, pp. 1391-1402.

Inter-laboratory comparison of sulphur and nitrogen analysis in plants and soils

Crosland, A. R., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2001. Inter-laboratory comparison of sulphur and nitrogen analysis in plants and soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 32, pp. 685-695.

Trace elements in UK wheat: from selenium deficiency to heavy metal contamination by cadmium and lead

Adams, M. L., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Nicholson, F. A. and Sinclair, A. H. 2001. Trace elements in UK wheat: from selenium deficiency to heavy metal contamination by cadmium and lead. Wheat Quality. Aspects of Applied Biology 64 . pp. 209-216

A new method to measure effective soil solution concentration predicts copper availability to plants

Zhang, H., Zhao, F-J., Sun, B., Davison, W. and McGrath, S. P. 2001. A new method to measure effective soil solution concentration predicts copper availability to plants. Environmental Science & Technology. 35, pp. 2602-2607.

Plant and rhizosphere processes involved in phytoremediation of metal-contaminated soils

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Lombi, E. 2001. Plant and rhizosphere processes involved in phytoremediation of metal-contaminated soils. Plant and Soil. 232, pp. 207-214.

How organisms live with heavy metals in the environment (Fact Sheet on Environmental Risk Assessment 2)

McGrath, S. P. 2001. How organisms live with heavy metals in the environment (Fact Sheet on Environmental Risk Assessment 2). International Council on Metals and the Environment (ICME), Ottawa.

Comparison of phenotypic, functional and genetic diversity of bacterial communities in soils

O'flaherty, S., McGrath, S. P. and Hirsch, P. R. 2001. Comparison of phenotypic, functional and genetic diversity of bacterial communities in soils. in: Ball, B. C., Watson, C. A., Campbell, C. D. and Rees, R. M. (ed.) Sustainable management of soil organic matter CABI International, Wallingford, Oxon (CABI). pp. 370-376

Sulphur supply and the optimisation of the yield of wheat

Palmer, R. V., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Hawkesford, M. J. 2001. Sulphur supply and the optimisation of the yield of wheat. Abstracts 14th International Plant Nutrition Colloquium, Hannover, 27 July-3 August 2001 .

Leaching of heavy metals from contaminated soils using EDTA

Sun, B., Zhao, F-J., Lombi, E. and McGrath, S. P. 2001. Leaching of heavy metals from contaminated soils using EDTA. Environmental Pollution. 113, pp. 111-120.

Rhizosphere-microbe-pollutant interactions

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Lombi, E. 2001. Rhizosphere-microbe-pollutant interactions. Abstracts 148th Ordinary Meeting of the Society for General Microbiology, Heriot-Watt University, 26-30 March 2001 . pp. 28

Element budgets on regional, catchment, farm and field scale. A useful tool toward sustainability.

McGrath, S. P. 2001. Element budgets on regional, catchment, farm and field scale. A useful tool toward sustainability. Proceedings Food Chain 2001, Uppsala, Sweden, 14-16 March 2001 . pp. 219-224

Using plant analysis to predict yield losses caused by sulphur deficiency

Blake-Kalff, M. M. A., Zhao, F-J., Hawkesford, M. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2001. Using plant analysis to predict yield losses caused by sulphur deficiency. Annals of Applied Biology. 138 (1), pp. 123-127.

What's new about cadmium hyperaccumulation?

McGrath, S. P., Lombi, E. and Zhao, F-J. 2001. What's new about cadmium hyperaccumulation? New Phytologist. 149 (1), pp. 2-3.

Physiological evidence for a high-affinity cadmium transporter highly expressed in a Thlaspi caerulescens ecotype

Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Young, S. D. and Sacchi, G. A. 2001. Physiological evidence for a high-affinity cadmium transporter highly expressed in a Thlaspi caerulescens ecotype. New Phytologist. 149 (1), pp. 53-60.

Organic pollutants: fate in soils and bioremediation

McGrath, S. P. and Johnson, D. 2000. Organic pollutants: fate in soils and bioremediation. Proceedings Remade Lands 2000, International Conference on the Remediation and Management of Degraded Lands, Fremantle, Western Australia, 30 November-2 December 2000 .

The efficiency of different sulphur fertilisers under UK conditions (HGCA Project Report No. 222)

Riley, N. G., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. The efficiency of different sulphur fertilisers under UK conditions (HGCA Project Report No. 222). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

In situ remediation of contaminated soil by plants (Phytorem)

McGrath, S. P. 2000. In situ remediation of contaminated soil by plants (Phytorem). Proceedings Workshop on the Protection of European Water Resources, Contaminated Sites - Landfills - Sediments, Venice, 21-23 June 2000 . pp. 97-103

Soil contamination

McGrath, S. P. 2000. Soil contamination. Proceedings Remade Lands 2000, International Conference on the Remediation and Management of Degraded Lands, Fremantle, Western Australia, 30 November-2 December 2000 . pp. 2-3

Long-term changes in stable sulphur isotope ratios of vegetation and soils reflect changing anthropogenic sulphur pollution since 1850

Zhao, F-J., Knights, J. K., Spiro, S. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Long-term changes in stable sulphur isotope ratios of vegetation and soils reflect changing anthropogenic sulphur pollution since 1850. Abstracts 3rd SETAC World Congress on Global Environmental Issues in the 21st Century: Problems, Causes and Solutions, Brighton, 21-25 May 2000 . pp. 129

Copper speciation and impacts on bacterial biosensors in the pore water of copper-contaminated soils

Vulkan, R., Zhao, F-J., Barbosa-Jefferson, V. L., Preston, S., Paton, G. I., Tipping, E. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Copper speciation and impacts on bacterial biosensors in the pore water of copper-contaminated soils. Environmental Science & Technology. 34, pp. 5115-5121.

Assessment of the toxicity of Zn and Cu in soils using chemical speciation techniques and lux-based biosensors

McGrath, S. P., Chaudri, A. M., Barbosa-Jefferson, V. L., Vulkan, R., Killham, K., Paton, G. I. and Preston, S. 2000. Assessment of the toxicity of Zn and Cu in soils using chemical speciation techniques and lux-based biosensors. Abstracts 3rd SETAC World Congress on Global Environmental Issues in the 21st Century: Problems, Causes and Solutions, Brighton, 21-25 May 2000 . pp. 56

In situ fixation of heavy metals by industrial co-products and revegetation

Lombi, E., Sun, B., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. In situ fixation of heavy metals by industrial co-products and revegetation. Abstracts 3rd SETAC World Congress on Global Environmental Issues in the 21st Century: Problems, Causes and Solutions, Brighton, 21-25 May 2000 . pp. 93

Cd and Zn uptake, accumulation and cellular distribution in hyperaccumulator plants

Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Cd and Zn uptake, accumulation and cellular distribution in hyperaccumulator plants. Proceedings Remade Lands 2000, International Conference on the Remediation and Management of Degraded Lands, Freemantle, Western Australia, 30 November-2 December 2000 .

The role of soil microflora in the enhanced bioremediation of PAHs in the rhizosphere

Johnson, D. L., Maguire, K. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. The role of soil microflora in the enhanced bioremediation of PAHs in the rhizosphere. Proceedings Remade Lands 2000, International Conference on the Remediation and Management of Degraded Lands, Freemantle, Western Australia, 30 November-2 December 2000 .

Enhanced bioremediation of PAHs in the rhizosphere

Johnson, D. L., Leyval, C., Joner, E., Anderson, D. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Enhanced bioremediation of PAHs in the rhizosphere. Abstracts 3rd SETAC World Congress on Global Environmental Issues in the 21st Century: Problems, Causes and Solutions, Brighton, 21-25 May 2000 . pp. 54

Experiments to evaluate the effects of heavy metals in sewage sludge on soil microbial activity and long-term soil fertility

Chambers, B. J., Garwood, T. W. D., Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P., Carlton-Smith, C. H., Bacon, J. R., Campbell, C. D. and Aitken, M. N. 2000. Experiments to evaluate the effects of heavy metals in sewage sludge on soil microbial activity and long-term soil fertility. Abstracts British Society of Soil Science Conference Eurosoil 2000, Reading, 4-6 September 2000 .

Diagnosing sulphur deficiency in field-grown oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Blake-Kalff, M. M. A., Hawkesford, M. J., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Diagnosing sulphur deficiency in field-grown oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Plant and Soil. 225 (1), pp. 95-107.

Evaluation of factors affecting the cadmium and lead concentrations of British wheat and barley

Adams, M. L., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Nicholson, F. A. and Sinclair, A. H. 2000. Evaluation of factors affecting the cadmium and lead concentrations of British wheat and barley. Abstracts 3rd SETAC World Congress on Global Environmental Issues in the 21st Century: Problems, Causes and Solutions, Brighton, 21-25 May 2000 . pp. 154

Proceedings International Conference of Soil Remediation SOILREM 2000, Hangzou, 15-19 October 2000

Luo, Y. M., McGrath, S. P., Cao, Z. H., Zhao, F-J. and Chen, Y. X. Xu, J. M. (ed.) 2000. Proceedings International Conference of Soil Remediation SOILREM 2000, Hangzou, 15-19 October 2000.

Heavy metal hyperaccumulating plants: physiology and potential for phytoremediation

Zhao, F-J. and Lombi, E. 2000. Heavy metal hyperaccumulating plants: physiology and potential for phytoremediation. McGrath, S. P., Xu, J. M., Chen, Y. X., Zhao, F-J., Cao, Z. H. and Luo, Y. M. (ed.) Proceedings International Conference of Soil Remediation SOILREM 2000, Hangzhou, China, 15-19 October 2000 . pp. 161-165

Availability and fixation of Zn and Cd in soils amended with metal sulphate

Sun, B., Zhao, F-J., Young, S. D. and Tye, A. 2000. Availability and fixation of Zn and Cd in soils amended with metal sulphate. McGrath, S. P., Xu, J. M., Chen, Y. X., Zhao, F-J., Cao, Z. H. and Luo, Y. M. (ed.) Proceedings International Conference of Soil Remediation SOILREM 2000, Hangzhou, China, October 15-19 2000 . pp. 354-365

Risk assessment of metals

2000. Risk assessment of metals. McGrath, S. P., Xu, J. M., Chen, Y. X., Zhao, F-J., Cao, Z. H. and Luo, Y. M. (ed.) Proceedings International Conference of Soil Remediation SOILREM 2000, Hangzhou, China, 15-19 October 2000 . pp. 1-6

Persistent organic pollutants and metals from sewage sludges: their effects on soils, plants and the food chain

McGrath, S. P. 2000. Persistent organic pollutants and metals from sewage sludges: their effects on soils, plants and the food chain. Langenkamp, H. and Marmo, L. (ed.) Proceedings Workshop on Problems around Sludge, Stresa, Italy, 18-19 November 1999 (EUR 19657). European Commission, Luxembourg. pp. 75-94

In situ fixation of heavy metals by industrial co-products and revegetation

Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J., Sun, B. and Zhang, G. 2000. In situ fixation of heavy metals by industrial co-products and revegetation. McGrath, S. P., Xu, J. M., Chen, Y. X., Zhao, F-J., Cao, Z. H. and Luo, Y. M. (ed.) Proceedings International Conference of Soil Remediation SOILREM 2000, Hangzhou, China, 15-19 October 2000 . pp. 296-300

Cellular compartmentation of cadmium and zinc in relation to other elements in the hyperaccumulator Arabidopsis halleri

Kupper, H., Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Cellular compartmentation of cadmium and zinc in relation to other elements in the hyperaccumulator Arabidopsis halleri. Planta. 212, pp. 75-84.

Long-term effects of land use and fertilizer treatments on sulfur cycling

Knights, J. S., Zhao, F-J., Spiro, B. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Long-term effects of land use and fertilizer treatments on sulfur cycling. Journal of Environmental Quality. 29, pp. 1867-1874.

Sulphur deficiency - advances in diagnosis

Blake-Kalff, M. M. A., Hawkesford, M. J., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Sulphur deficiency - advances in diagnosis. Abstracts SCI Meeting, London, October 2000 .

Sulphur uptake and utilization by crops

Blake-Kalff, M. M. A., Riley, N., Hawkesford, M. J., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Sulphur uptake and utilization by crops. Abstracts AAB Meeting on Resource Allocation in Crop Plants, Aberystwyth, 11-13 September 2000 .

Diagnosis of sulphur deficiency in oilseed rape and wheat (HGCA Project Report No. 217)

Blake-Kalff, M. M. A., Zhao, F-J., Hawkesford, M. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Diagnosis of sulphur deficiency in oilseed rape and wheat (HGCA Project Report No. 217). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Predicting metal solubility in contaminated soil

Tye, A. M., Young, S. D., Crout, N. M. J., Zhang, H., Preston, S., Barbosa-Jefferson, V. L., Tandy, S., Davison, W., McGrath, S. P. and Paton, G. I. 2000. Predicting metal solubility in contaminated soil. Abstracts British Society of Soil Science Conference Eurosoil 2000, Reading, 4-6 September 2000 .

Assessment of the bioavailability of metals in soil using luminescence-based microbial biosensors. An inter- disciplinary approach

Preston, S., Barbosa-Jefferson, V. L., Tandy, S., Zhang, H., Tye, A., Crout, N., Young, S., Davison, W., McGrath, S. P., Killham, K. and Paton, G. I. 2000. Assessment of the bioavailability of metals in soil using luminescence-based microbial biosensors. An inter- disciplinary approach. Abstracts British Society of Soil Science Conference Eurosoil 2000, Reading, 4-6 September 2000 .

Phytoremediation of metal contaminated soils: natural hyperaccumulation versus chemically-enhanced phytoextraction

Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J., Dunham, S. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Phytoremediation of metal contaminated soils: natural hyperaccumulation versus chemically-enhanced phytoextraction. Abstracts British Society of Soil Science Conference Eurosoil 2000, Reading, 4-6 September 2000 .

Biodiversity of Rhizobium in a heavy metal polluted ecosystem

Castro, I. V., Ferreira, E. I. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Biodiversity of Rhizobium in a heavy metal polluted ecosystem. Abstracts 4th European Nitrogen Fixation Conference, Seville, 16-20 September 2000 . pp. 331

Stability of Rhizobium strains in heavy metal contaminated soil

Castro, I. V., Ferreira, E. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Stability of Rhizobium strains in heavy metal contaminated soil. Abstracts International Workshop on Methods to Monitor Microbial Inoculants to Improve Their Success, Wageningen, 6-8 April 2000 . pp. 50

The uptake of cadmium and lead by wheat and barley from British soils

Adams, M. L., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2000. The uptake of cadmium and lead by wheat and barley from British soils. Abstracts British Society of Soil Science Conference Eurosoil 2000, Reading, 4-6 September 2000 .

Determining uptake of 'non-labile' soil cadmium by Thlaspi caerulescens using isotopic dilution techniques

Hutchinson, J. J., Young, S. D., McGrath, S. P., West, H. M., Black, C. R. and Baker, A. J. M. 2000. Determining uptake of 'non-labile' soil cadmium by Thlaspi caerulescens using isotopic dilution techniques. New Phytologist. 146 (3), pp. 453-460.

Availability of different forms of sulphur fertilisers to wheat and oilseed rape

Riley, N. G., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Availability of different forms of sulphur fertilisers to wheat and oilseed rape. Plant and Soil. 222, pp. 139-147.

Long-term changes in the extractability and bioavailability of zinc and cadmium after sludge application

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J., Dunham, S. J., Crosland, A. R. and Coleman, K. 2000. Long-term changes in the extractability and bioavailability of zinc and cadmium after sludge application. Journal of Environmental Quality. 29, pp. 875-883.

Comparison of methods to investigate microbial populations in soils under different agricultural management

Lawlor, K., Knight, B. P., Barbosa-Jefferson, V. L., Lane, P. W., Lilley, A. K., Paton, G. I., McGrath, S. P., O'flaherty, S. and Hirsch, P. R. 2000. Comparison of methods to investigate microbial populations in soils under different agricultural management. FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 33, pp. 129-137.

Comparison of the performance of nine commercial laboratories for testing nitrogen and sulphur in plants and soil: a second study (HGCA Project Report No. OS44)

Crosland, A. R., Vincent, J., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Comparison of the performance of nine commercial laboratories for testing nitrogen and sulphur in plants and soil: a second study (HGCA Project Report No. OS44). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

A study of the impacts of Zn and Cu on two rhizobial species in soils of a long-term field experiment

Chaudri, A. M., Allain, C. M. G., Barbosa-Jefferson, V. L., Nicholson, F. A., Chambers, B. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. A study of the impacts of Zn and Cu on two rhizobial species in soils of a long-term field experiment. Plant and Soil. 221, pp. 167-179.

Zinc hyperaccumulation and cellular distribution in Arabidopsis halleri

Zhao, F-J., Lombi, E., Breedon, T. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Zinc hyperaccumulation and cellular distribution in Arabidopsis halleri. Plant, Cell & Environment. 23 (5), pp. 507-514.

Assessing metal bioavailability in soils using luminescence-based microbial biosensors

Preston, S., Hall, J. M., Rattray, E. A. S., Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P., Killham, K. and Paton, G. I. 2000. Assessing metal bioavailability in soils using luminescence-based microbial biosensors. in: Alleman, B. C. (ed.) In situ and on-site bioremediation Battelle Press, Columbus.

Positive responses to Zn and Cd by roots of the Zn and Cd hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens

Whiting, S. N., Leake, J. R., McGrath, S. P. and Baker, A. J. M. 2000. Positive responses to Zn and Cd by roots of the Zn and Cd hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. New Phytologist. 145 (2), pp. 199-210.

Potential for phytoextraction of zinc and cadmium from soils using hyperaccumulator plants

McGrath, S. P., Dunham, S. J. and Correll, R. L. 2000. Potential for phytoextraction of zinc and cadmium from soils using hyperaccumulator plants. in: Terry, N. and Banuelos, G. (ed.) Phytoremediation of contaminated soil and water Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, Florida. pp. 109-128

Cadmium accumulation in populations of Thlaspi caerulescens and Thlaspi goesingense

Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J., Dunham, S. J. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Cadmium accumulation in populations of Thlaspi caerulescens and Thlaspi goesingense. New Phytologist. 145 (1), pp. 11-20.

Response of a rhizobium-based luminescence biosensor to Zn and Cu in soil solutions from sewage sludge treated soils

Chaudri, A. M., Lawlor, K., Preston, S., Paton, G. I., Killham, K. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Response of a rhizobium-based luminescence biosensor to Zn and Cu in soil solutions from sewage sludge treated soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 32, pp. 383-388.

Pentachlorophenol utilization by indigenous soil microorganisms

Chaudri, A. M., Lawlor, K. and McGrath, S. P. 2000. Pentachlorophenol utilization by indigenous soil microorganisms. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 32, pp. 429-432.

Lead and cadmium as contaminants in UK wheat and barley

Adams, M. L., McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J., Nicholson, F. A. and Sinclair, A. H. 2000. Lead and cadmium as contaminants in UK wheat and barley. Proceedings HGCA Conference on Crop Management into the Millennium, Cambridge, 6-7 January 2000 . pp. 10.1-10.10

Strategies for reducing pollutant flow from contaminated land

Lombi, E., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 1999. Strategies for reducing pollutant flow from contaminated land. Costa, C. and Lopes, C. (ed.) Proceedings International Conference on Investigation Methods on Soil Contamination, Lisbon, 24-25 June 1999 . pp. 93-101

Patterns of sulphur allocation in rape and wheat

Blake-Kalff, M. M. A., Young, M. E., Zhao, F-J., Hawkesford, M. J. and McGrath, S. P. 1999. Patterns of sulphur allocation in rape and wheat. Abstracts COST Workshop, Naples, 8-9 January 1999 .

Microbial diversity - an indication of soil quality?

O'flaherty, S. M., McGrath, S. P. and Hirsch, P. R. 1999. Microbial diversity - an indication of soil quality? Proceedings British Society of Soil Science Meeting on Sustainable Management of Soil Organic Matter, Edinburgh, 15-17 September 1999 .

Metal uptake by plants from sludge-amended soils: caution is required in the plateau interpretation

Hamon, R. E., Holm, P. E., Lorenz, S. E., McGrath, S. P. and Christensen, T. H. 1999. Metal uptake by plants from sludge-amended soils: caution is required in the plateau interpretation. Plant and Soil. 216, pp. 53-64.

Sulphur nutrition of spring peas

Zhao, F-J., Wood, A. P. and McGrath, S. P. 1999. Sulphur nutrition of spring peas. Protection and Production of Combinable Break Crops. Aspects of Applied Biology 56 . pp. 189-194

Microbial diversity - an indication of soil quality?

O'flaherty, S. M., McGrath, S. P. and Hirsch, P. R. 1999. Microbial diversity - an indication of soil quality? Abstracts Society for General Microbiology 143rd Meeting, Edinburgh, 12-16 April 1999 . pp. 48

Determination of acute Zn toxicity in pore water from soils previously treated with sewage sludge using bioluminescence assays

Chaudri, A. M., Knight, B. P., Barbosa-Jefferson, V. L., Preston, S., Paton, G. I., Killham, K., Coad, N., Nicholson, F. A., Chambers, B. J. and McGrath, S. P. 1999. Determination of acute Zn toxicity in pore water from soils previously treated with sewage sludge using bioluminescence assays. Environmental Science & Technology. 33, pp. 1880-1885.

Effects of sulphur nutrition on growth and nitrogen fixation of pea (Pisum sativum L.)

Zhao, F-J., Wood, A. P. and McGrath, S. P. 1999. Effects of sulphur nutrition on growth and nitrogen fixation of pea (Pisum sativum L.). Plant and Soil. 212, pp. 209-219.

Assessing risks of heavy metal toxicity in agricultural soils: do microbes matter?

Giller, K. E., Witter, E. and McGrath, S. P. 1999. Assessing risks of heavy metal toxicity in agricultural soils: do microbes matter? Human and Ecological Risk Assessment. 5, pp. 683-689.

Sulphur utilisation efficiency in oilseed rape

Zhao, F-J., Blake-Kalff, M. M. A., Riley, N., Hawkesford, M. J. and McGrath, S. P. 1999. Sulphur utilisation efficiency in oilseed rape. Wratten, N. and Salisbury, P. A. (ed.) Proceedings 10th International Rapeseed Congress: New Horizons for an Old Crop, Canberra, September 1999 . pp. 1-6

Responses of breadmaking quality to sulphur in three wheat varieties

Zhao, F-J., Salmon, S. E., Withers, P. J. A., Evans, E. J., Monaghan, J. M., Shewry, P. R. and McGrath, S. P. 1999. Responses of breadmaking quality to sulphur in three wheat varieties. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 79 (13), pp. 1865-1874.

Metal hyperaccumulator plants: a review of the ecology and physiology of a biological resource for phytoremediation of metal-polluted soils

Baker, A. J. M., McGrath, S. P., Reeves, R. D. and Smith, J. A. C. 1999. Metal hyperaccumulator plants: a review of the ecology and physiology of a biological resource for phytoremediation of metal-polluted soils. in: Terry, N., Vangronsveld, J. and Banuelos, G. (ed.) Phytoremediation of contaminated soils CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. pp. 85-107

Sampling to monitor soil in England and Wales

Scholz, M., Oliver, M. A., Webster, R., Loveland, P. J. and McGrath, S. P. 1999. Sampling to monitor soil in England and Wales. Gomez-Hernandez, J., Froidevaux, R. and Soares, A. (ed.) geoENV II: Proceedings 2nd European Conference on Geostatistics for Environmental Applications, Valencia, 18-20 November 1998 . Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands. pp. 465-476

Sulphur assimilation and effects on yield and quality of wheat

Zhao, F-J., Hawkesford, M. J. and McGrath, S. P. 1999. Sulphur assimilation and effects on yield and quality of wheat. Journal of Cereal Science. 30 (1), pp. 1-17.

Variation in the breadmaking quality and rheological properties of wheat in relation to sulphur nutrition under field conditions

Zhao, F-J., Salmon, S. E., Withers, P. J. A., Monaghan, J. M., Evans, E. J., Shewry, P. R. and McGrath, S. P. 1999. Variation in the breadmaking quality and rheological properties of wheat in relation to sulphur nutrition under field conditions. Journal of Cereal Science. 30, pp. 19-31.

Factors affecting the solubility of zinc, cadmium, copper and nickel in sewage sludge amended soils

Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Dunham, S. J. 1999. Factors affecting the solubility of zinc, cadmium, copper and nickel in sewage sludge amended soils. Proceedings 5th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Vienna, 1999 . pp. 270-271

Quantitative evidence for active foraging for zinc by the roots of Thlaspi caerulescens

Whiting, S. N., Leake, J. R., McGrath, S. P. and Baker, A. J. M. 1999. Quantitative evidence for active foraging for zinc by the roots of Thlaspi caerulescens. Proceedings 5th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Vienna, 1999 . pp. 928-929

Long-term effects of metal contamination on Rhizobium

McGrath, S. P. and Chaudri, A. M. 1999. Long-term effects of metal contamination on Rhizobium. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 31, pp. 1205-1207.

Constraints to the growth and metal uptake by hyperaccumulator plants

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Dunham, S. J. 1999. Constraints to the growth and metal uptake by hyperaccumulator plants. Proceedings 5th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Vienna, 1999 . pp. 10-11

Adverse effects of cadmium on soil microflora and fauna

McGrath, S. P. 1999. Adverse effects of cadmium on soil microflora and fauna. in: Mclaughlin, M. J. and Singh, B. R. (ed.) Cadmium in soils and plants Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands. pp. 199-218

Survival and adaptation of rhizobial population inoculated into industrially contaminated soils

Castro, I. V., Ferreira, E. and McGrath, S. P. 1999. Survival and adaptation of rhizobial population inoculated into industrially contaminated soils. Proceedings 5th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Vienna, 1999 . pp. 194-195

Assessment of the toxicity of metals in soils amended with sewage sludge using a chemical speciation technique and a lux -based biosensor

McGrath, S. P., Knight, B., Killham, K., Preston, S. and Paton, G. I. 1999. Assessment of the toxicity of metals in soils amended with sewage sludge using a chemical speciation technique and a lux -based biosensor. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 18 (4), pp. 659-663.

Gene transfer in bacteria from soils contaminated with heavy metals

Lawlor, K., Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P. and Hirsch, P. R. 1999. Gene transfer in bacteria from soils contaminated with heavy metals. Letters in Applied Microbiology. 28 (4), pp. 317-320.

Cellular compartmentation of zinc in leaves of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens

Kupper, H., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 1999. Cellular compartmentation of zinc in leaves of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Plant Physiology. 119, pp. 305-311.

Sulphur in soils

Spiro, B., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 1998. Sulphur in soils.

Allocation of sulphur within oilseed rape leaves and the effect of sulphur deficiency

Blake-Kalff, M. M. A., Hawkesford, M. J., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 1998. Allocation of sulphur within oilseed rape leaves and the effect of sulphur deficiency. Abstracts Rank Prize Fund Conference, Grasmere, July 1998 .

Sulphur nutrition and environmental quality

Blake-Kalff, M. M. A., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 1998. Sulphur nutrition and environmental quality. Proceedings 4th Workshop Cost Action 82g, Pulawy, Poland, 6-7 November 1998 .

Distribution of sulfur within oilseed rape leaves in response to sulfur deficiency during vegetative growth

Blake-Kalff, M. M. A., Harrison, K. R., Hawkesford, M. J., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 1998. Distribution of sulfur within oilseed rape leaves in response to sulfur deficiency during vegetative growth. Plant Physiology. 118, pp. 1337-1344.

An extracting science

McGrath, S. P., Dunham, S. J. and Atkin, R. K. 1998. An extracting science. Wiley.

Microbial diversity in agricultural soil

O'flaherty, S., Lawlor, K., McGrath, S. P., Kerry, B. R. and Hirsch, P. R. 1998. Microbial diversity in agricultural soil. Abstracts British Society for Soil Science Down to Earth Conference, University of Reading, 31 March-2 April 1998 .

Bacterial diversity in metal contaminated soils

Lawlor, K., Barbosa-Jefferson, V., McGrath, S. P., O'flaherty, S. and Hirsch, P. R. 1998. Bacterial diversity in metal contaminated soils. Abstracts British Society for Soil Science Down to Earth Conference, University of Reading, 31 March-2 April 1998 .

Use of sulfur isotope ratios to determine anthropogenic sulfur signals in a grassland ecosystem

Zhao, F-J., Spiro, B., Poulton, P. R. and McGrath, S. P. 1998. Use of sulfur isotope ratios to determine anthropogenic sulfur signals in a grassland ecosystem. Environmental Science & Technology. 32, pp. 2288-2291.

Solubility of zinc and interactions between zinc and phosphorus in the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens

Zhao, F-J., Shen, Z. G. and McGrath, S. P. 1998. Solubility of zinc and interactions between zinc and phosphorus in the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Plant, Cell & Environment. 21 (1), pp. 108-114.

Determination of chemical availability of cadmium and zinc in soils using inert soil moisture samplers

Knight, B. P., Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P. and Giller, K. E. 1998. Determination of chemical availability of cadmium and zinc in soils using inert soil moisture samplers. Environmental Pollution. 99, pp. 293-298.

Toxicity of heavy metals to microorganisms and microbial processes in agricultural soils: a review

Giller, K. E., Witter, E. and McGrath, S. P. 1998. Toxicity of heavy metals to microorganisms and microbial processes in agricultural soils: a review. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 30 (10-11), pp. 1389-1414.

Mercury and zinc tolerance of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv trifolii isolates from heavy metal contaminated soil

Castro, I. V., Ferreira, E. and McGrath, S. P. 1998. Mercury and zinc tolerance of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv trifolii isolates from heavy metal contaminated soil. Proceedings VIII Reunion Nacional de Fijacion de Nitrogeno, Pamplona, July 1998 . pp. 187-188

Fertilisation soufree du colza en Grande-Bretagne

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 1998. Fertilisation soufree du colza en Grande-Bretagne.

In situ measurements of solution concentrations and fluxes of trace metals in soils using DGT

Zhang, H., Davison, W., Knight, B. and McGrath, S. P. 1998. In situ measurements of solution concentrations and fluxes of trace metals in soils using DGT. Environmental Science & Technology. 32, pp. 704-710.

Sulphur nutrition and glutathione content of wheat

Young, M. E., Grundy, N. M., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Hawkesford, M. J. 1998. Sulphur nutrition and glutathione content of wheat. Oxford University Press (OUP) Oxford.

Assessment of the bioavailability of soil pollutants using lux-based biosensors: an inter-disciplinary approach

Preston, S., Barbosa-Jefferson, V. L., Zhang, H., Tye, A., Crout, N., Young, S., Davison, W., McGrath, S. P., Killham, K. and Paton, G. I. 1998. Assessment of the bioavailability of soil pollutants using lux-based biosensors: an inter-disciplinary approach. Proceedings 6th International FZK/TNO Conference on Contaminated Soil, Edinburgh, 17-21 May 1998 . Thomas Telford, London. pp. 123-132

Measured soil water concentrations of cadmium and zinc in plant pots and estimated leaching outflows from contaminated soils

Holm, P. E., Christensen, T. H., Lorenz, S. E., Hamon, R. E., Domingues, H. C., Sequeira, E. M. and McGrath, S. P. 1998. Measured soil water concentrations of cadmium and zinc in plant pots and estimated leaching outflows from contaminated soils. Water Air And Soil Pollution. 102, pp. 105-115.

The effect of sulphur-deficiency on the concentrations and distribution of glutathione and sulphate in oilseed rape

Blake-Kalff, M. M. A., Harrison, K. R., Hawkesford, M. J., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 1998. The effect of sulphur-deficiency on the concentrations and distribution of glutathione and sulphate in oilseed rape. Oxford University Press (OUP) Oxford.

Thiosulphate and tetrathionate oxidation in arable soils

Barbosa-Jefferson, V. L., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Magan, N. 1998. Thiosulphate and tetrathionate oxidation in arable soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 30, pp. 553-559.

Phytoextraction for soil remediation

McGrath, S. P. 1998. Phytoextraction for soil remediation. in: Brooks, R. R. (ed.) Plants that hyperaccumulate heavy metals CABI International, Wallingford, Oxon (CABI). pp. 261-287

Behaviour of trace elements in terrestrial ecosystems

McGrath, S. P. 1997. Behaviour of trace elements in terrestrial ecosystems. Contaminated soils (Colloques d'INRA No. 85) . Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Paris. pp. 35-54

Sulphur nutrition: an important factor for the quality of wheat and rapeseed

Zhao, F-J., Withers, P. J. A., Evans, E. J., Monaghan, J., Salmon, S. E., Shewry, P. R. and McGrath, S. P. 1997. Sulphur nutrition: an important factor for the quality of wheat and rapeseed. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 43, pp. 1137-1142.

Sulphur inputs for optimum yields of cereals

Withers, P. J. A., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Evans, E. J. and Sinclair, A. H. 1997. Sulphur inputs for optimum yields of cereals. Optimising Cereal Inputs: its Scientific Basis. Aspects of Applied Biology 50 . pp. 191-197

Zinc and cadmium uptake by the hyper accumulator Thlaspi caerulescens in contaminated soils and its effects on the concentration and chemical speciation of metals in soil solution

Knight, B., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Shen, Z. G. 1997. Zinc and cadmium uptake by the hyper accumulator Thlaspi caerulescens in contaminated soils and its effects on the concentration and chemical speciation of metals in soil solution. Plant and Soil. 197, pp. 71-78.

Optimising sulphur inputs for breadmaking quality of wheat

Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Salmon, S. E., Shewry, P. R., Quayle, R., Withers, P. J. A., Evans, E. J. and Monaghan, J. 1997. Optimising sulphur inputs for breadmaking quality of wheat. Optimising Cereal Inputs: its Scientific Basis. Aspects of Applied Biology 50 . pp. 199-205

The influence of soil organic matter (SOM) on the accumulation and transformation of inorganic and organic pollutants. Final report on INTAS project 93-1168

Schulz, E., Klimanek, E-M., Korschens, M., Titova, N. A., Travnikova, L. S., Kogut, B. M., Bol'schakov, V. A., Kachnovic, Z. N., Sorokin, S. J., Avdeeva, T. N. and McGrath, S. P. 1997. The influence of soil organic matter (SOM) on the accumulation and transformation of inorganic and organic pollutants. Final report on INTAS project 93-1168.

The role of available metal ions in the transfer of mobile genetic elements

Lawlor, K., Barbosa-Jefferson, V., Chaudri, A., McGrath, S. P. and Hirsch, P. R. 1997. The role of available metal ions in the transfer of mobile genetic elements. Abstracts 3rd ESF Workshop on Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plasmid-Mediated Gene Transfer, Cuenca, 12-16 September 1997 .

Comparison of ecological effects of chronic exposure of soil bacteria to toxic metals and how these can be avoided

McGrath, S. P., Chaudri, A. M., Knight, B. and Giller, K. E. 1997. Comparison of ecological effects of chronic exposure of soil bacteria to toxic metals and how these can be avoided. Abstracts International Conference on Ecological Engineering, Beijing, 7-11 October 1996 .

An approach to critical loads of heavy metals in soils

McGrath, S. P. 1997. An approach to critical loads of heavy metals in soils. Abstracts UN ECE Workshop on Critical Limits and Effect-based Approaches for Heavy Metals and Persistent Organic Pollutants, Bad Harzburg, 1997 .

Biodiversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in relation to availability of heavy metals in polluted soil

Vandenkoornhuyse, P., Knight, B., Leyual, C. and McGrath, S. P. 1997. Biodiversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in relation to availability of heavy metals in polluted soil. Abstracts ISOM 96: 2nd International Symposium on the Effect of Mineral-Organic-Microorganism Interactions on Soil and Freshwater Environments, Nancy, 3-6 September 1996 .

Lessons to be learned about soil-plant metal transfers from the 50-year sewage sludge experiment at Woburn, UK

Zhao, F-J., Dunham, S. J. and McGrath, S. P. 1997. Lessons to be learned about soil-plant metal transfers from the 50-year sewage sludge experiment at Woburn, UK. Extended Abstracts 4th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Berkeley, 23-26 June 1997 . pp. 693-694

Sulphur nutrition: an important factor for the quality of wheat and rapeseed

Zhao, F-J., Withers, P. J. A., Evans, E. J., Monaghan, J., Salmon, S. E., Shewry, P. R. and McGrath, S. P. 1997. Sulphur nutrition: an important factor for the quality of wheat and rapeseed. Ando, T. (ed.) Plant Nutrition for Sustainable Food Production and Environment: Proceedings 13th International Plant Nutrition Colloquium, Tokyo, September 1997 . Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands. pp. 917-922

Diagnosis of sulphur deficiency in wheat

Zhao, F-J., Hawkesford, M. J., Warrilow, A. G. S., McGrath, S. P. and Clarkson, D. T. 1997. Diagnosis of sulphur deficiency in wheat. Cram, W. J. and Dekok, L. J. (ed.) Sulphur metabolism in higher plants: molecular, ecophysiological and nutritional aspects . Backhuys Publishers, Leiden Netherlands. pp. 349-351

Importance of sulphur in UK agriculture

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 1997. Importance of sulphur in UK agriculture. Cram, W. J. and Dekok, L. J. (ed.) Sulphur metabolism in higher plants: molecular, ecophysiological and nutritional aspects . Backhuys Publishers, Leiden Netherlands. pp. 347-348

Nitrogen to sulphur ratio in rapeseed and in rapeseed protein and its use in diagnosing sulphur deficiency

Zhao, F-J., Bilsborrow, P. E., Evans, E. J. and McGrath, S. P. 1997. Nitrogen to sulphur ratio in rapeseed and in rapeseed protein and its use in diagnosing sulphur deficiency. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 20, pp. 549-558.

Changes in phytoavailability of zinc to plants sharing a rhizosphere with the zinc hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens J. & C. Presl

Whiting, S. N., Leake, J. R., Baker, A. J. M. and McGrath, S. P. 1997. Changes in phytoavailability of zinc to plants sharing a rhizosphere with the zinc hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens J. & C. Presl. Extended Abstracts 4th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Berkeley, 23-26 June 1997 . pp. 469-470

Uptake and transport of zinc in the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens and the non-hyperaccumulator Thlaspi ochroleucum

Shen, Z. G., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 1997. Uptake and transport of zinc in the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens and the non-hyperaccumulator Thlaspi ochroleucum. Plant, Cell & Environment. 20 (7), pp. 898-906.

Rothamsted workshop on soil remediation - current research and future requirements

McGrath, S. P. 1997. Rothamsted workshop on soil remediation - current research and future requirements.

Adverse effects of cadmium on soil microflora and fauna

McGrath, S. P. 1997. Adverse effects of cadmium on soil microflora and fauna. Extended Abstracts 4th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Berkeley, 23-26 June 1997 . pp. 669-670

Potential phytoextraction of zinc and cadmium of soils using hyperaccumulator plants

McGrath, S. P. and Dunham, S. J. 1997. Potential phytoextraction of zinc and cadmium of soils using hyperaccumulator plants. Extended Abstracts 4th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Berkeley, 23-26 June 1997 . pp. 625-626

Environmental applications of soil geochemical data

McGrath, S. P. 1997. Environmental applications of soil geochemical data. Proceedings 14th Australian Symposium on Analytical Chemistry, Adelaide, 5-9 July 1997 . pp. 245-247

The use of N-fixing bacteria in revegetation of metal-contaminated land

McGrath, S. P. 1997. The use of N-fixing bacteria in revegetation of metal-contaminated land. Abstracts International Conference on the Remediation and Management of Degraded Lands, Hong Kong, 3-6 December 1996 .

Effectiveness and genetic diversity of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv trifolii isolates in Portuguese soils polluted by industrial effluents

Castro, I. V., Ferreira, E. M. and McGrath, S. P. 1997. Effectiveness and genetic diversity of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv trifolii isolates in Portuguese soils polluted by industrial effluents. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 29, pp. 1209-1213.

Development of an acute and chronic ecotoxicity assay using lux -marked Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii

Paton, G. I., Palmer, G., Burton, M., Rattray, E. A. S., McGrath, S. P., Glover, L. A. and Killham, K. 1997. Development of an acute and chronic ecotoxicity assay using lux -marked Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii. Letters in Applied Microbiology. 24 (4), pp. 296-300.

Heavy metal uptake and chemical changes in the rhizosphere of Thlaspi caerulescens and Thlaspi ochroleucum

McGrath, S. P., Shen, Z. G. and Zhao, F-J. 1997. Heavy metal uptake and chemical changes in the rhizosphere of Thlaspi caerulescens and Thlaspi ochroleucum. Plant and Soil. 188, pp. 153-159.

Cadmium and zinc in plants and soil solutions from contaminated soils

Lorenz, S. E., Hamon, R. E., Holm, P. E., Domingues, H. C., Sequeira, E. M., Christensen, T. H. and McGrath, S. P. 1997. Cadmium and zinc in plants and soil solutions from contaminated soils. Plant and Soil. 189, pp. 21-31.

Biomass carbon measurements and substrate utilization patterns of microbial populations from soils amended with cadmium, copper or zinc

Knight, B. P., McGrath, S. P. and Chaudri, A. M. 1997. Biomass carbon measurements and substrate utilization patterns of microbial populations from soils amended with cadmium, copper or zinc. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 63, pp. 39-43.

Plants clean-up soils

McGrath, S. P. 1996. Plants clean-up soils.

FAO sulphur network trials (Technical report MTF/INT/002/FIA)

Till, A. R., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 1996. FAO sulphur network trials (Technical report MTF/INT/002/FIA). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy.

Toxicity of organic compounds to the indigenous population of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii in soil

Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P., Knight, B. P., Johnson, D. L. and Jones, K. C. 1996. Toxicity of organic compounds to the indigenous population of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii in soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 28, pp. 1483-1487.

Responses of two wheat varieties to sulphur addition and diagnosis of sulphur deficiency

Zhao, F-J., Hawkesford, M. J., Warrilow, A. G. S., McGrath, S. P. and Clarkson, D. T. 1996. Responses of two wheat varieties to sulphur addition and diagnosis of sulphur deficiency. Plant and Soil. 181, pp. 317-327.

Method to determine elemental sulphur in soils applied to measure sulphur oxidation

Zhao, F-J., Loke, S. Y., Crosland, A. R. and McGrath, S. P. 1996. Method to determine elemental sulphur in soils applied to measure sulphur oxidation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 28, pp. 1083-1087.

Development of sulphur deficiency in crops and its treatment

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Withers, P. J. A. 1996. Development of sulphur deficiency in crops and its treatment.

Isotopic character of lead deposited from the atmosphere at a grassland site in the UK since 1860

Bacon, J. R., Jones, K. C., McGrath, S. P. and Johnston, A. E. 1996. Isotopic character of lead deposited from the atmosphere at a grassland site in the UK since 1860. Environmental Science & Technology. 30, pp. 2511-2518.

Disjunctive kriging for environmental management

Oliver, M. A., Webster, R. and McGrath, S. P. 1996. Disjunctive kriging for environmental management. Environmetrics. 7 (3), pp. 333-358.

Soil organic sulphur and its turnover

Zhao, F-J., Wu, J. and McGrath, S. P. 1996. Soil organic sulphur and its turnover. in: Piccolo, A. (ed.) Humic substances in terrestrial ecosystems Elsevier, Amsterdam. pp. 467-506

Growth and zinc uptake of the hyperaccumulator plants Thlaspi caerulescens

Shen, Z. G., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 1996. Growth and zinc uptake of the hyperaccumulator plants Thlaspi caerulescens. Extended Abstracts 1st International Conference on Contaminants and the Soil Environment, Adelaide, February 1996 . pp. 321-322

Four years growth of hyperaccumulator plants on metal polluted soils

McGrath, S. P., Dunham, S. J., Sidoli, C. M. D. and Lodico, F. 1996. Four years growth of hyperaccumulator plants on metal polluted soils. Extended Abstracts 1st International Conference on Contaminants and the Soil Environment, Adelaide, February 1996 . pp. 323

Toxicity of metals to soil microorgansisms: comparison of acute and chronic exposure

McGrath, S. P., Chaudri, A. M., Knight, B. and Giller, K. E. 1996. Toxicity of metals to soil microorgansisms: comparison of acute and chronic exposure. Extended Abstracts 1st International Conference on Contaminants and the Soil Environment, Adelaide, February 1996 . pp. 93-95

Phytoextraction: the use of plants to remove heavy metals from soils

McGrath, S. P., Sidoli, C. M. D. and Baker, A. J. M. 1996. Phytoextraction: the use of plants to remove heavy metals from soils. Abstracts ATV Vintermode om Grundvandsforurening, Vingsted Centret, Denmark, 5-6 March 1996 . pp. 381-386

Sulphur uptake, yield responses and interactions between nitrogen and sulphur in winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus )

McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 1996. Sulphur uptake, yield responses and interactions between nitrogen and sulphur in winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus ). The Journal of Agricultural Science. 126, pp. 53-62.

Biomass carbon measurements and substrate utilization patterns of microbial populations from soils amended with Cd, Cu or Zn

Knight, B., McGrath, S. P. and Chaudri, A. M. 1996. Biomass carbon measurements and substrate utilization patterns of microbial populations from soils amended with Cd, Cu or Zn. Extended Abstracts 1st International Conference on Contaminants and the Soil Environment, Adelaide, February 1996 . pp. 75-76

Chemical availability of Zn and Cd in metal sulphate amended soils versus naturally contaminated soils

Knight, B. and McGrath, S. P. 1996. Chemical availability of Zn and Cd in metal sulphate amended soils versus naturally contaminated soils. Extended Abstracts 1st International Conference on Contaminants and the Soil Environment, Adelaide, February 1996 . pp. 27-28

Cadmium in British wheat grain

Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Crosland, A. R. 1996. Cadmium in British wheat grain. Extended Abstracts 1st International Conference on Contaminants and the Soil Environment, Adelaide, February 1996 . pp. 77

The potential for heavy metal decontamination

Baker, A. J. M., McGrath, S. P., Sidoli, C. M. D. and Reeves, R. D. 1995. The potential for heavy metal decontamination.

Chemical composition of wheat grain: I. Survey results; II.Effects of copper amendment on bread quality. Home-Grown Cereals Authority Project Report No. 102

McGrath, S. P., Chaudri, A. M., Thacker, D., Salmon, S. E., Little, K., Douglas, S. and Cauvain, S. P. 1995. Chemical composition of wheat grain: I. Survey results; II.Effects of copper amendment on bread quality. Home-Grown Cereals Authority Project Report No. 102. H-GCA, London.

A method to buffer the concentrations of free Zn and Cd ions using a cation exchange resin in bacterial toxicity studies

Knight, B. and McGrath, S. P. 1995. A method to buffer the concentrations of free Zn and Cd ions using a cation exchange resin in bacterial toxicity studies. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 14 (12), pp. 2033-2039.

The cadmium content of British wheat grain

Chaudri, A. M., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Crosland, A. R. 1995. The cadmium content of British wheat grain. Journal of Environmental Quality. 24, pp. 850-855.

Long-term effects of metals in sewage sludge on soils, microorganisms and plants

McGrath, S. P., Chaudri, A. M. and Giller, K. E. 1995. Long-term effects of metals in sewage sludge on soils, microorganisms and plants. Journal of Industrial Microbiology. 14, pp. 94-104.

A risk assessment of sulphur deficiency in cereals using soil and atmospheric deposition data

McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 1995. A risk assessment of sulphur deficiency in cereals using soil and atmospheric deposition data. Soil Use and Management. 11 (3), pp. 110-114.

Sulphur nutrition of cereals in Britain: yield responses and prediction of likely deficiency.(Home-Grown Cereals Authority Project Report No. 115)

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J., Withers, P. J. A., Sinclair, A. H. and Evans, E. J. 1995. Sulphur nutrition of cereals in Britain: yield responses and prediction of likely deficiency.(Home-Grown Cereals Authority Project Report No. 115). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Changes in the sulphur status of British wheat grain in the last decade, and its geographical distribution

Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Crosland, A. R. and Salmon, S. E. 1995. Changes in the sulphur status of British wheat grain in the last decade, and its geographical distribution. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 68 (4), pp. 507-514.

Development and prediction of sulphur deficiency in winter oilseed rape. (Home-Grown Cereals Authority Project Report No. OS11)

Withers, P. J. A., Evans, E. J., Bilsborrow, P. E., Milford, G. F. J., McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Walker, K. C. 1995. Development and prediction of sulphur deficiency in winter oilseed rape. (Home-Grown Cereals Authority Project Report No. OS11). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Chromium and nickel

McGrath, S. P. 1995. Chromium and nickel. in: Alloway, B. J. (ed.) Heavy metals and soils Blackie & Sons, London. pp. 153-178

Influence of EDTA complexation on plant uptake of manganese (II)

Laurie, S. H., Tancock, N. P., McGrath, S. P. and Sanders, J. R. 1995. Influence of EDTA complexation on plant uptake of manganese (II). Plant Science. 109, pp. 231-235.

Improving the prediction of sulphur deficiency in winter oilseed rape in the UK

Withers, P. J. A., Evans, E. J., Bilsborrow, P. E., Milford, G. F. J., McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J. and Walker, K. C. 1995. Improving the prediction of sulphur deficiency in winter oilseed rape in the UK. Rapeseed Today and Tomorrow: Proceedings of 9th International Rapeseed Congress, Cambridge, 4-7 July 1995 .

Long term effects on Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. Trifolii of heavy metal contamination of land from the application of sewage sludge

Turner, A. P., Giller, K. E. and McGrath, S. P. 1995. Long term effects on Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. Trifolii of heavy metal contamination of land from the application of sewage sludge. Allan, R. J. and Nriagu, J. O. (ed.) Heavy Metals in the Environment: Proceedings International Conference, Toronto, September 1993 . CEP Consultants Ltd, Edinburgh. pp. 442-445

Assessing the risk of sulphur deficiency in oilseed rape

McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 1995. Assessing the risk of sulphur deficiency in oilseed rape. Rapeseed Today and Tomorrow: Proceedings 9th International Rapeseed Congress, Cambridge, 4-7 July 1995 .

The importance of long- and short-term air-soil exchanges of organic contaminants

Jones, K. C., Johnston, A. E. and McGrath, S. P. 1995. The importance of long- and short-term air-soil exchanges of organic contaminants. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry. 59, pp. 167-178.

Heavy metals in the environment. Speciation of cadmium and zinc with application to soil solutions

Holm, P. E., Christensen, T. H., Tjell, J. C. and McGrath, S. P. 1995. Heavy metals in the environment. Speciation of cadmium and zinc with application to soil solutions. Journal of Environmental Quality. 24, pp. 183-190.

Changes in trace metal species and other components of the rhizosphere during growth of radish

Hamon, R. E., Lorenz, S. E., Holm, P. E., Christensen, T. H. and McGrath, S. P. 1995. Changes in trace metal species and other components of the rhizosphere during growth of radish. Plant, Cell & Environment. 18 (7), pp. 749-756.

Comparison of aqua regia digestion with sodium carbonate fusion for the determination of total phosphorus in soils by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP)

Crosland, A. R., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Lane, P. W. 1995. Comparison of aqua regia digestion with sodium carbonate fusion for the determination of total phosphorus in soils by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 26 (9-10), pp. 1357-1368.

Chlorobenzenes in field soil with a history of multiple sewage sludge applications

Wang, M-J., McGrath, S. P. and Jones, K. C. 1995. Chlorobenzenes in field soil with a history of multiple sewage sludge applications. Environmental Science & Technology. 29, pp. 356-362.

The influence of multiple sewage sludge amendments on the PCB content of an agricultural soil over time

Alcock, R. E., McGrath, S. P. and Jones, K. C. 1995. The influence of multiple sewage sludge amendments on the PCB content of an agricultural soil over time. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 14 (4), pp. 553-560.

PCDD/Fs and Non-o -PCBs in digested UK sewage sludges

Sewart, A., Harrad, S. J., Mclachlan, M. S., McGrath, S. P. and Jones, K. C. 1995. PCDD/Fs and Non-o -PCBs in digested UK sewage sludges. Chemosphere. 30, pp. 51-67.

Differences between soil solutions obtained from rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils by water displacement and soil centrifugation

Lorenz, S. E., Hamon, R. E. and McGrath, S. P. 1994. Differences between soil solutions obtained from rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils by water displacement and soil centrifugation. European Journal of Soil Science. 45 (4), pp. 431-438.

Modelling the effect of cultivation on the dispersion of pollutants in soil

Lane, P. W. and McGrath, S. P. 1994. Modelling the effect of cultivation on the dispersion of pollutants in soil. The Statistician. 43 (4), pp. 537-549.

Effects of pH and heavy metal concentrations in solution culture on the proton release, growth and elemental composition of Alyssum murale and Raphanus sativus L.

Bernal, M. P. and McGrath, S. P. 1994. Effects of pH and heavy metal concentrations in solution culture on the proton release, growth and elemental composition of Alyssum murale and Raphanus sativus L. Plant and Soil. 166, pp. 83-92.

Comparison of the chemical changes in the rhizosphere of the nickel hyperaccumulator Alyssum murale with the non-accumulator Raphanus sativus

Bernal, M. P., McGrath, S. P., Miller, A. J. and Baker, A. J. M. 1994. Comparison of the chemical changes in the rhizosphere of the nickel hyperaccumulator Alyssum murale with the non-accumulator Raphanus sativus. Plant and Soil. 164, pp. 251-259.

Extractable sulphate and organic sulphur in soils and their availability to plants

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 1994. Extractable sulphate and organic sulphur in soils and their availability to plants. Plant and Soil. 164, pp. 243-250.

Historical monitoring of organic contaminants in soils

Jones, K. C., Johnston, A. E. and McGrath, S. P. 1994. Historical monitoring of organic contaminants in soils. in: Johnston, A. E. and Leigh, R. A. (ed.) Long-term experiments in agricultural and ecological sciences CABI International, Wallingford, Oxon (CABI). pp. 147-163

Applications of fertiliser cations affect cadmium and zinc concentrations in soil solutions and uptake by plants

Lorenz, S. E., Hamon, R. E., McGrath, S. P., Holm, P. E. and Christensen, T. H. 1994. Applications of fertiliser cations affect cadmium and zinc concentrations in soil solutions and uptake by plants. European Journal of Soil Science. 45 (2), pp. 159-165.

Using plants to clean up heavy metals in soils

McGrath, S. P., Sidoli, C. M., Baker, A. J. M. and Reeves, R. D. 1994. Using plants to clean up heavy metals in soils. Proceedings 15th World Congress of Soil Science, Acapulco, July 1994 .

Investigating increased sulphur deficiency in the United Kingdom

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 1994. Investigating increased sulphur deficiency in the United Kingdom. Proceedings 15th World Congress of Soil Science, Acapulco, July 1994 .

Comparison of sulphur uptake by oilseed rape and the soil sulphur status of two adjacent fields with different soil series

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 1994. Comparison of sulphur uptake by oilseed rape and the soil sulphur status of two adjacent fields with different soil series. Soil Use and Management. 10 (1), pp. 47-50.

Risk assessment of sulphur deficiency in cereals using computer-based techniques

McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 1994. Risk assessment of sulphur deficiency in cereals using computer-based techniques. Abstracts Enabling Technologies for Land Use and Resource Management. 5th International Congress for Computer Technology in Agriculture, Stoneleigh, June-July 1994 . pp. 153

Land application of sewage sludge: scientific perspectives of heavy metal loading limits in Europe and the United States

McGrath, S. P., Chang, A. C., Page, A. L. and Witter, E. 1994. Land application of sewage sludge: scientific perspectives of heavy metal loading limits in Europe and the United States. Environmental Reviews. 2, pp. 108-118.

Recent considerations of grassland "soil quality" in temperate regions

McGrath, S. P. and Jarvis, S. C. 1994. Recent considerations of grassland "soil quality" in temperate regions. Proceedings 17th International Grassland Congress, Palmerston North, February 1993 . pp. 1409-1418

The possibility of in situ heavy metal decontamination of polluted soils using crops of metal-accumulating plants

Baker, A. J. M., McGrath, S. P., Sidoli, C. M. D. and Reeves, R. D. 1994. The possibility of in situ heavy metal decontamination of polluted soils using crops of metal-accumulating plants. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 11, pp. 41-49.

Effects of heavy metals from sewage sludge on soil microbes in agricultural ecosystems.

McGrath, S. P. 1994. Effects of heavy metals from sewage sludge on soil microbes in agricultural ecosystems. in: Ross, S. M. (ed.) Toxic metals in soil-plant systems John Wiley & Sons Chichester, West Sussex. pp. 247-274

Comparison of three wet digestion methods for the determination of plant sulphur by inductively coupled plasma atomic spectroscopy (ICP-AES)

Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Crosland, A. R. 1994. Comparison of three wet digestion methods for the determination of plant sulphur by inductively coupled plasma atomic spectroscopy (ICP-AES). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 25 (3-4), pp. 407-418.

Long-term effects of metal contamination on soil microorganisms

Witter, E., Giller, K. E. and McGrath, S. P. 1994. Long-term effects of metal contamination on soil microorganisms.

Long-term effects of land application of sewage sludge in soils, microorganisms and plants

McGrath, S. P., Chaudri, A. M. and Giller, K. E. 1994. Long-term effects of land application of sewage sludge in soils, microorganisms and plants. Proceedings 15th World Congress of Soil Science, Acapulco, July 1994 .

Sulphur, phosphorus, potassium and copper - measuring crop needs, impacts on quality and options for management

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J., Barraclough, P. B., Chambers, B., Withers, P. and Sinclair, A. 1994. Sulphur, phosphorus, potassium and copper - measuring crop needs, impacts on quality and options for management. Proceedings Cereals R & D Conference, 1994 . Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London. pp. 6.1-6.28

In situ remediation of metal-contaminated soils using crops of hyperaccumulator plants: potentials and future prospects

Baker, A. J. M., McGrath, S. P., Sidoli, C. M. D. and Reeves, R. D. 1994. In situ remediation of metal-contaminated soils using crops of hyperaccumulator plants: potentials and future prospects. Avril, C. and Impens, R. (ed.) Proceedings Workshop on Soil Remediation, Paris, 1992 . pp. 88-94

SCI Agriculture and Environment Group symposium: use and value of organic materials in agriculture

McGrath, S. P., Hall, J. E., Lopez-Real, J. M., Lee, H., Chambers, B. J., Smith, K., Stevens, R. J., Hadley, P., Smith, S., Pickering, J., Kendle, T., Allison, M. F., Johnston, A. E. and Prew, B. D. 1993. SCI Agriculture and Environment Group symposium: use and value of organic materials in agriculture. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 63 (1), pp. 97-102.

SCI Agriculture and Environment Group Symposium: novel aspects of crop nutrition

Barraclough, P. B., Grindlay, D. J. C., Sylvester, B. R., Scott, R. K., Dampney, P. M. R., Wallace, P. A., Withers, P. J. A., Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P., Luong, H., Booth, E. J., Walker, K. C., Till, A. R., Sexton, J., Bennett, J., Reynolds, S. B., Hocking, T. J., Gooding, M. J., Smith, S. P., Davies, W. P, Spalding, P. C. J., Kettlewell, P. S., Warden, M. R., Johnson, P. A., Vaidyanathan, L. V., Lewis, D. J., Dawson, K. P., Cook, J. W., Parry, D. W., Whapham, C. A., Blunden, G., Jenkins, T., Hankins, S. D., Cogram, K. J., Steveni, C. M., Norrington-Davies, J., Chambers, B. J., Richardson, S. J., Dawson, C. J., Tye, A. M., Fullen, M. A., Daly, M., Seymour, G. B., Edwards, R. and Hobson, G. E. 1993. SCI Agriculture and Environment Group Symposium: novel aspects of crop nutrition. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 63 (1), pp. 115-132.

In situ phytoremediation of metal-contaminated soils: potentials and future prospects

Baker, A. J. M., McGrath, S. P. and Reeves, R. D. 1993. In situ phytoremediation of metal-contaminated soils: potentials and future prospects. Abstracts International Conference of the Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health, New Orleans, 25-27 July 1993 . pp. 9

The possibility of in situ heavy metal decontamination of soils using crops of metal-accumulating plants

Baker, A. J. M., McGrath, S. P., Sidoli, C. M. and Reeves, R. D. 1993. The possibility of in situ heavy metal decontamination of soils using crops of metal-accumulating plants. Abstracts International Conference on Environmental Biotechnology in Waste Treatment and Recycling, Hong Kong, 12-14 January 1993 . pp. 26

Screening of isolates and strains of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifoli for heavy metal resistance using buffered media

Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P., Giller, K. E., Angle, J. S. and Chaney, R. L. 1993. Screening of isolates and strains of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifoli for heavy metal resistance using buffered media. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 12 (9), pp. 1643-1651.

Criteria for judging the use and value of organic materials in agriculture

McGrath, S. P. 1993. Criteria for judging the use and value of organic materials in agriculture.

Mineral status of British wheat

Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P., Crosland, A. R. and Zhao, F-J. 1993. Mineral status of British wheat. Cereal Quality III. Aspects of Applied Biology .

Sulphur status of British wheat grain and its relationship with quality parameters

McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F-J., Crosland, A. R. and Salmon, S. E. 1993. Sulphur status of British wheat grain and its relationship with quality parameters. Cereal Quality III. Aspects of Applied Biology .

Variation in grain sulphur concentrations in wheat and barley

Withers, P. J. A., Hodgson, I. H., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 1993. Variation in grain sulphur concentrations in wheat and barley. Cereal Quality III. Aspects of Applied Biology .

Inoculation effects on legumes grown in soil previously treated with sewage sludge

Angle, J. S., McGrath, S. P., Chaudri, A. M., Chaney, R. L. and Giller, K. E. 1993. Inoculation effects on legumes grown in soil previously treated with sewage sludge. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 25, pp. 575-580.

An interlaboratory comparison of a standardised EDTA extraction procedure for the analysis of available trace elements in two quality control soils

McGrath, S. P., Lane, P. W. and Crosland, A. R. 1993. An interlaboratory comparison of a standardised EDTA extraction procedure for the analysis of available trace elements in two quality control soils. International Journal Of Environmental Analytical Chemistry. 51 (1-4), pp. 153-160.

Sulphur uptake following foliar applications of elemental sulphur

McGrath, S. P. and Till, A. R. 1993. Sulphur uptake following foliar applications of elemental sulphur. Wiley.

Assessing the risk of sulphur deficiency in cereals

Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 1993. Assessing the risk of sulphur deficiency in cereals.

Criteria used to judge the use and value of organic materials in agriculture

McGrath, S. P. 1993. Criteria used to judge the use and value of organic materials in agriculture.

In situ bioremediation of metal-contaminated soils using crops of hyperaccumulator plants: potentials and future prospects for a developing technology

Baker, A. J. M., McGrath, S. P. and Reeves, R. D. 1993. In situ bioremediation of metal-contaminated soils using crops of hyperaccumulator plants: potentials and future prospects for a developing technology. Abstracts International Conference on Agricultural and Environmental Biotechnology: Biodiagnosis, Biocontrols and Bioprocesses, Torino, September 1993 . Edizione MAF Servizi, Torino. pp. 168

In situ bioremediation of metal-contaminated soils using crops of hyperaccumulator plants: potentials and future prospects for a developing technology

Baker, A. J. M., McGrath, S. P. and Reeves, R. D. 1993. In situ bioremediation of metal-contaminated soils using crops of hyperaccumulator plants: potentials and future prospects for a developing technology. Abstracts Second International Conference on the Biochemistry of Trace Elements, Taipei, September 1993 . pp. 28

Heavy metals from past applications of sewage sludge decrease the genetic diversity of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar Trifolii populations

Hirsch, P. R., Jones, M. J., McGrath, S. P. and Giller, K. E. 1993. Heavy metals from past applications of sewage sludge decrease the genetic diversity of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar Trifolii populations. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 25, pp. 1485-1490.

Long-term changes in the polychlorinated biphenyl content of United Kingdom soils

Alcock, R. E., Johnston, A. E., McGrath, S. P., Berrow, M. L. and Jones, K. C. 1993. Long-term changes in the polychlorinated biphenyl content of United Kingdom soils. Environmental Science & Technology. 27, pp. 1918-1923.

Long-term changes of soil sulphur status and plant sulphur uptake in the Park Grass Experiment, Rothamsted

Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S. P. and Poulton, P. R. 1993. Long-term changes of soil sulphur status and plant sulphur uptake in the Park Grass Experiment, Rothamsted. Insight from Foresight. Abstracts Rothamsted 150th Anniversary Conference, Harpenden, July 1993 .

Population sizes of indigenous Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii in soils previously treated with metal-contaminated sewage sludge

Chaudri, A., McGrath, S. P., Giller, K. E., Rietz, E. and Sauerbeck, D. 1993. Population sizes of indigenous Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii in soils previously treated with metal-contaminated sewage sludge. Insight from Foresight. Abstracts Rothamsted 150th Anniversary Conference, Harpenden, July 1993 .

The potential for the use of metal accumulating plants for the in situ decontamination of metal-polluted soils

McGrath, S. P., Sidoli, C. M. D., Baker, A. J. M. and Reeves, R. D. 1993. The potential for the use of metal accumulating plants for the in situ decontamination of metal-polluted soils. in: Eijackers, H. J. P. and Hamers, T. (ed.) Integrated soil and sediment research: a basis for proper protection Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands. pp. 673-676

Long-term monitoring of pollutants in soils

Jones, K. C., Johnston, A. E. and McGrath, S. P. 1993. Long-term monitoring of pollutants in soils. Insight from Foresight. Abstracts Rothamsted 150th Anniversary Conference, Harpenden, July 1993 .

Enumeration of indigenous Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii in soils previously treated with metal-contaminated sewage sludge

Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P., Giller, K. E., Rietz, E. and Sauerbeck, D. 1993. Enumeration of indigenous Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii in soils previously treated with metal-contaminated sewage sludge. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 25, pp. 301-309.

Rhizobium meliloti, is less sensitive to heavy metal contamination in soil than R. leguminosarum bv trifolii or R. loti

Giller, K. E., Nussbaum, R., Chaudri, A. M. and McGrath, S. P. 1993. Rhizobium meliloti, is less sensitive to heavy metal contamination in soil than R. leguminosarum bv trifolii or R. loti. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 25, pp. 273-278.

Soil quality in relation to agricultural uses

McGrath, S. P. 1993. Soil quality in relation to agricultural uses. Eijackers, H. J. P. and Hamers, T. (ed.) Integrated soil and sediment research: a basis for proper protection . Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands. pp. 187-200

Recent consideration of grassland "soil quality" in temperate regions

McGrath, S. P. and Jarvis, S. C. 1993. Recent consideration of grassland "soil quality" in temperate regions. Proceedings of XVIIth International Grassland Congress, Palmerston North, New Zealand, February 1993.

In situ decontamination of metal-polluted soils by means of metal-accumulator plants. Final report to DGXI of ACE contract 89/UK/15/C/23

Sidoli, C. M. D., McGrath, S. P. and Baker, A. J. M. 1992. In situ decontamination of metal-polluted soils by means of metal-accumulator plants. Final report to DGXI of ACE contract 89/UK/15/C/23.

The potential for the use of metal-accumulating plants for the in situ decontamination of metal-polluted soils

Baker, A. J. M., McGrath, S. P., Sidoli, C. and Reeves, R. D. 1992. The potential for the use of metal-accumulating plants for the in situ decontamination of metal-polluted soils. Preprints International Symposium on Soil Decontamination Using Biological Processes, Karlsruhe, December 1992 . Dechema, Frankfurt am Main. pp. 205-209

Soil geochemical atlas of England and Wales

McGrath, S. P. and Loveland, P. J. 1992. Soil geochemical atlas of England and Wales. Blackie & Sons, London.

Effects of media components on toxicity of Cd to Rhizobia

Scott Angle, J., McGrath, S. P. and Chaudri, A. M. 1992. Effects of media components on toxicity of Cd to Rhizobia. Water Air And Soil Pollution. 64, pp. 627-633.

Toxic concentrations of iron and manganese in leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris L. growing on freely-drained soils of pH 6.5 in northern Tanzania

Giller, K. E., Amijee, F., Brodrick, S. J., McGrath, S. P., Mushi, C., Edje, O. T. and Smithson, J. B. 1992. Toxic concentrations of iron and manganese in leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris L. growing on freely-drained soils of pH 6.5 in northern Tanzania. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 23, pp. 1663-1669.

Chemical extractability of heavy metals during and after long-term applications of sewage sludge to soil

McGrath, S. P. and Cegarra, J. 1992. Chemical extractability of heavy metals during and after long-term applications of sewage sludge to soil. Journal of Soil Science. 43 (2), pp. 313-321.

The chlorobenzene content of archived sewage sludges

Wang, M-J., McGrath, S. P. and Jones, K. C. 1992. The chlorobenzene content of archived sewage sludges. Science of the Total Environment. 121, pp. 159-175.

Assessment of free-living nitrogen fixation activity as a biological indicator of heavy metal toxicity in soil

Lorenz, S. E., McGrath, S. P. and Giller, K. E. 1992. Assessment of free-living nitrogen fixation activity as a biological indicator of heavy metal toxicity in soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 24, pp. 601-606.

The Geochemical Survey of Topsoils in England and Wales

McGrath, S. P. and Loveland, P. J. 1992. The Geochemical Survey of Topsoils in England and Wales. Beck, B. D. (ed.) Trace Substances in Environmental Health XXV: Proceedings, Columbia USA, 20-23 May 1991.

What to do with sewage sludge?

McGrath, S. P. and Giller, K. F. 1992. What to do with sewage sludge?

Survival of the indigenous population of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar Trifolii in soil spiked with Cd, Zn, Cu and Ni salts

Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P. and Giller, K. E. 1992. Survival of the indigenous population of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar Trifolii in soil spiked with Cd, Zn, Cu and Ni salts. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 24, pp. 625-632.

Contact uptake of metal compounds and their molluscicidal effect on the field slug, Deroceras reticulatum(Muller) (Pulmonata: Limacidae)

Bullock, J. I., Coward, N. P., Dawson, G. W., Henderson, I. F., Larkworthy, L. F., Martin, A. P. and McGrath, S. P. 1992. Contact uptake of metal compounds and their molluscicidal effect on the field slug, Deroceras reticulatum(Muller) (Pulmonata: Limacidae). Crop Protection. 11 (4), pp. 329-334.

The geochemical survey of topsoils in England and Wales

McGrath, S. P. and Loveland, P. J. 1992. The geochemical survey of topsoils in England and Wales. Beck, B. D. (ed.) Trace Substances in Environmental Health XXV, Proceedings of a Conference held in Columbia, Missouri, 20-23 May 1991.

Metal tolerance of isolates of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar Trifolii from soil contaminated by past applications of sewage sludge

Chaudri, A. M., McGrath, S. P. and Giller, K. E. 1992. Metal tolerance of isolates of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar Trifolii from soil contaminated by past applications of sewage sludge. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 24, pp. 83-88.

Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in crops from long-term field experiments amended with sewage sludge

Wild, S. R., Berrow, M. L., McGrath, S. P. and Jones, K. C. 1992. Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in crops from long-term field experiments amended with sewage sludge. Environmental Pollution. 76 (1), pp. 25-32.

In situ decontamination of heavy metal polluted soils using crops of metal-accumulating plants: a feasibility study

Baker, A. J. M., McGrath, S. P. and Reeves, R. D. 1991. In situ decontamination of heavy metal polluted soils using crops of metal-accumulating plants: a feasibility study. Abstracts International Symposium on In Situ and On Site Bioreclamation, San Diego, March 1991 .

The possibility of in situ heavy metal decontamination of polluted soils using crops of metal-accumulating plants

McGrath, S. P., Baker, A. J. M. and Reeves, R. D. 1991. The possibility of in situ heavy metal decontamination of polluted soils using crops of metal-accumulating plants. pp. 10-11

Studies of the distribution and bioavailability of soil zinc fractions

Banjoko, V. A. and McGrath, S. P. 1991. Studies of the distribution and bioavailability of soil zinc fractions. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 57 (3), pp. 325-334.

Controversy over sewage sludge

McGrath, S. P. 1991. Controversy over sewage sludge.

Using a diffusion model to explain the dispersal of pollutants in soil due to cultivation

Lane, P. W. and McGrath, S. P. 1991. Using a diffusion model to explain the dispersal of pollutants in soil due to cultivation.

New culture medium containing ionic concentrations of nutrients similar to concentrations found in soil solution

Angle, J. S., McGrath, S. P. and Chaney, R. L. 1991. New culture medium containing ionic concentrations of nutrients similar to concentrations found in soil solution. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 57, pp. 3674-3676.

Effects of pH, phosphate and manganese on spring-sown Vicia faba L.

McEwen, J., Yeoman, D. P. and McGrath, S. P. 1991. Effects of pH, phosphate and manganese on spring-sown Vicia faba L.

Influence of complexation on the uptake by plants of iron, manganese, copper and zinc. II. Effect of DTPA in a multi-metal and computer simulation study

Laurie, S. H., Tancock, N. P., McGrath, S. P. and Sanders, J. R. 1991. Influence of complexation on the uptake by plants of iron, manganese, copper and zinc. II. Effect of DTPA in a multi-metal and computer simulation study. Journal of Experimental Botany. 42, pp. 515-519.

Influence of complexation on the uptake by plants of iron, manganese, copper and zinc. I. Effect of EDTA in a multi-metal and computer simulation study

Laurie, S. H., Tancock, N. P., McGrath, S. P. and Sanders, J. R. 1991. Influence of complexation on the uptake by plants of iron, manganese, copper and zinc. I. Effect of EDTA in a multi-metal and computer simulation study. Journal of Experimental Botany. 42, pp. 509-513.

Organic contaminants in an agricultural soil with a known history of sewage sludge amendments: polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons

Wild, S. R., Waterhouse, K. S., McGrath, S. P. and Jones, K. C. 1990. Organic contaminants in an agricultural soil with a known history of sewage sludge amendments: polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. Environmental Science & Technology. 24, pp. 1706-1711.

The potential for use of metal-accumulating plants in the decontamination of soils polluted by heavy metals

Baker, A. J. M., McGrath, S. P. and Reeves, R. D. 1990. The potential for use of metal-accumulating plants in the decontamination of soils polluted by heavy metals. International Conference on Metals in Soils, Waters, Plants and Animals, Orlando, Florida, 1990. Tenth Symposium Abstracts. pp. 188

Deposition of sulphur and nitrogen from the atmosphere

McGrath, S. P. and Goulding, K. W. T. 1990. Deposition of sulphur and nitrogen from the atmosphere. Agriculture Group Symposium. Industry, Agriculture and the Atmosphere.

Mycorrhizal infection of clover is delayed in soils contaminated with heavy metals from past sewage sludge applications.

Koomen, I., McGrath, S. P. and Giller, K. E. 1990. Mycorrhizal infection of clover is delayed in soils contaminated with heavy metals from past sewage sludge applications. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 22, pp. 871-873.

The polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) content of archived sewage sludges.

Wild, S. R., McGrath, S. P. and Jones, K. C. 1990. The polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) content of archived sewage sludges. Chemosphere. 20, pp. 703-716.

Chromium and nickel.

McGrath, S. P. and Smith, S. 1990. Chromium and nickel. in: Heavy metals in soils. Ed. B.J. Alloway Blackie & Sons, Glasgow. pp. 125-150

Accumulation and loss of nitrogen from manure, sludge and compost: long-term experiments at Rothamsted and Woburn.

Johnston, A. E., McGrath, S. P., Poulton, P. R. and Lane, P. W. 1989. Accumulation and loss of nitrogen from manure, sludge and compost: long-term experiments at Rothamsted and Woburn. Nitrogen in organic wastes applied to soils , J.A. Hansen & K. Henriksen eds. Academic Press, London. pp. 126-139

Absence of nitrogen fixation in clover grown on soil subject to long-term contamination with heavy metals is due to survival of only ineffective Rhizobium.

Giller, K. E., McGrath, S. P. and Hirsch, P. R. 1989. Absence of nitrogen fixation in clover grown on soil subject to long-term contamination with heavy metals is due to survival of only ineffective Rhizobium. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 21, pp. 841-848.

An explanation for the apparent losses of metals in a long-term field experiment with sewage sludge

McGrath, S. P. and Lane, P. W. 1989. An explanation for the apparent losses of metals in a long-term field experiment with sewage sludge. Environmental Pollution. 60 (3-4), pp. 235-256.

Muck, metals and microbes.

Giller, K. E. and McGrath, S. P. 1989. Muck, metals and microbes.

Predicting the lime requirement of soils under permanent grassland and arable crops.

Goulding, K. W. T., McGrath, S. P. and Johnston, A. E. 1989. Predicting the lime requirement of soils under permanent grassland and arable crops. Soil Use and Management. 5 (2), pp. 54-57.

Existing soil protection guidelines which limit concentrations of heavy metals in British soils.

McGrath, S. P. 1989. Existing soil protection guidelines which limit concentrations of heavy metals in British soils. Beurteilung von Schwermetallkontaminationen im Boden. Assessment of heavy metal contamination in Soils. D. Behrens & J. Wiesner eds. Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Chemisches Apparatewesen, Chemische Technik und Biotechnologie, Frankfurt am Main.. pp. 107-111

Investigations of the mobility, availability and effects of heavy metal contamination in soil.

McGrath, S. P., Brookes, P. C. and Giller, K. E. 1989. Investigations of the mobility, availability and effects of heavy metal contamination in soil. Beurteilung von Schwermetallkontaminationen im Boden. Assessment of heavy metal contamination in Soils. D. Behrens & J. Wiesner eds. Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Chemisches Apparatewesen, Chemische Technik und Biotechnologie, Frankfurt am Main.. pp. 341-343

Optimization of lime applications to soils under permanent grassland and arable crops.

Goulding, K. W. T., McGrath, S. P. and Johnston, A. E. 1988. Optimization of lime applications to soils under permanent grassland and arable crops. Proceedings 7th Colloquium International Association for the Optimization of Plant Nutrition, Nyborg, Denmark, 1988. Paper 402. 6pp..

Pollution by toxic metals on agricultural soils.

Giller, K. E. and McGrath, S. P. 1988. Pollution by toxic metals on agricultural soils. Nature. 335 (6192), p. 676.

The effects of soil organic matter levels on soil solution concentrations and extractabilities of manganese, zinc and copper.

McGrath, S. P., Sanders, J. R. and Shalaby, M. H. 1988. The effects of soil organic matter levels on soil solution concentrations and extractabilities of manganese, zinc and copper. Geoderma. 42 (2), pp. 177-188.

Suppression of N2-fixation in clover on soil contaminated with heavy metals.

Giller, K. E., McGrath, S. P. and Hirsch, P. R. 1988. Suppression of N2-fixation in clover on soil contaminated with heavy metals. Nitrogen fixation: hundred years after. Proceedings 7th International Congress on Nitrogen Fixation. Eds. H. Bothe, F.J. de Bruijn & W.E. Newton. Stuttgart : Gustav Fischer, p. 813..

Rhizobia isolated from root nodules of clover grown on soils with heavy metal contamination.

Hirsch, P. R., Giller, K. E. and McGrath, S. P. 1988. Rhizobia isolated from root nodules of clover grown on soils with heavy metal contamination. Nitrogen fixation: hundred years after. Proceedings 7th International Congress on Nitrogen Fixation. Eds. H. Bothe, F.J. de Bruijn & W.E. Newton. Stuttgart : Gustav Fischer, p. 816..

Effects of potentially toxic metals in soil derived from past applications of sewage sludge on nitrogen fixation by Trifolium repens L.

McGrath, S. P., Brookes, P. C. and Giller, K. E. 1988. Effects of potentially toxic metals in soil derived from past applications of sewage sludge on nitrogen fixation by Trifolium repens L. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 20, pp. 415-424.

Effect of heavy metal contamination on the genetics of nitrogen-fixing populations of Rhizobium leguminosarum nodulating white clover.

McGrath, S. P., Hirsch, P. R. and Giller, K. E. 1988. Effect of heavy metal contamination on the genetics of nitrogen-fixing populations of Rhizobium leguminosarum nodulating white clover. Environmental contamination. Ed. A.A. Orio. Edinburgh : CEP. pp. 164-166

Experimental measurements and computer predictions of copper complex formation by soluble soil organic matter.

Sanders, J. R. and McGrath, S. P. 1988. Experimental measurements and computer predictions of copper complex formation by soluble soil organic matter. Environmental Pollution. 49, pp. 63-76.

Zinc, copper and nickel concentrations in soil extracts and crops grown on four soils treated with metal-loaded sewage sludges.

Sanders, J. R., McGrath, S. P. and Adams, T. Mcm. 1987. Zinc, copper and nickel concentrations in soil extracts and crops grown on four soils treated with metal-loaded sewage sludges. Environmental Pollution. 44, pp. 193-210.

A survey of the sulphur content of wheat grown in Britain

Byers, M., McGrath, S. P. and Webster, R. 1987. A survey of the sulphur content of wheat grown in Britain. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 38 (2), pp. 151-160.

Adenylate energy charge in metal-contaminated soil.

Brookes, P. C. and McGrath, S. P. 1987. Adenylate energy charge in metal-contaminated soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 19, pp. 219-220.

Computerized quality control, statistics and regional mapping of the concentrations of trace and major elements in the soil of England and Wales.

McGrath, S. P. 1987. Computerized quality control, statistics and regional mapping of the concentrations of trace and major elements in the soil of England and Wales. Soil Use and Management. 3 (1), pp. 31-38.

Lead, zinc, cadmium, copper and nickel concentrations in the topsoils of England and Wales.

McGrath, S. P., Cunliffe, C. H. and Pope, A. J. 1987. Lead, zinc, cadmium, copper and nickel concentrations in the topsoils of England and Wales.

Suppression of nitrogen fixation in clover on soil contaminated with heavy metals.

Giller, K. E., McGrath, S. P. and Brookes, P. C. 1987. Suppression of nitrogen fixation in clover on soil contaminated with heavy metals.

Long-term effects of contaminants in soils.

McGrath, S. P. 1987. Long-term effects of contaminants in soils.

Long-term studies of metal transfers following application of sewage sludge.

McGrath, S. P. 1987. Long-term studies of metal transfers following application of sewage sludge.

Long-term biological effects of metals after applications of sewage sludge.

McGrath, S. P., Brookes, P. C. and Giller, K. E. 1987. Long-term biological effects of metals after applications of sewage sludge. Wiley.

Uptake of sulphur following foliar applications of elemental sulphur.

McGrath, S. P. and Till, A. R. 1987. Uptake of sulphur following foliar applications of elemental sulphur.

Le soufre en Grande-Bretagne.

McGrath, S. P. and Johnston, A. E. 1987. Le soufre en Grande-Bretagne.

Long-term biological effects of applying metal-contaminated sewage sludge to soil.

McGrath, S. P., Brookes, P. C. and Giller, K. E. 1987. Long-term biological effects of applying metal-contaminated sewage sludge to soil.

Zinc, copper and nickel concentrations in ryegrass grown on sewage sludge-contaminated soils of different pH.

Sanders, J. R., McGrath, S. P. and Adams, T. Mcm. 1986. Zinc, copper and nickel concentrations in ryegrass grown on sewage sludge-contaminated soils of different pH. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 37 (10), pp. 961-968.

Effects of metal residues from past applications of sewage-sludge on soil microbial biomass and N2-fixation.

Brookes, P. C. and McGrath, S. P. 1986. Effects of metal residues from past applications of sewage-sludge on soil microbial biomass and N2-fixation.

Soil microbial biomass estimates in soils contaminated with metals.

Brookes, P. C., Heijnen, C. E., McGrath, S. P. and Vance, E. D. 1986. Soil microbial biomass estimates in soils contaminated with metals. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 18, pp. 383-388.

Metal residues in soils previously treated with sewage- sludge and their effects on growth and nitrogen fixation by blue-green algae.

Brookes, P. C., McGrath, S. P. and Heijnen, C. 1986. Metal residues in soils previously treated with sewage- sludge and their effects on growth and nitrogen fixation by blue-green algae. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 18 (4), pp. 345-353.

Sulphur - crop nutrient and fungicide.

McGrath, S. P. and Johnston, A. E. 1986. Sulphur - crop nutrient and fungicide.

Experimental determinations and computer predictions of trace metal ion concentrations in dilute complex solutions.

McGrath, S. P., Sanders, J. R., Laurie, S. H. and Tancock, N. P. 1986. Experimental determinations and computer predictions of trace metal ion concentrations in dilute complex solutions. Analyst. 111, pp. 459-465.

The use of acid insoluble residue to correct for the presence of soil-derived metals in the gut of earthworms used as bio-indicator organisms

Stafford, E. A. and McGrath, S. P. 1986. The use of acid insoluble residue to correct for the presence of soil-derived metals in the gut of earthworms used as bio-indicator organisms. Environmental Pollution. 42 (3), pp. 233-246.

The influence of complex-formation on trace-element uptake by plants

Laurie, S. H., Tancock, N. P., McGrath, S. P. and Sanders, J. R. 1985. The influence of complex-formation on trace-element uptake by plants. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 36 (7), pp. 541-542.

Comparison of soil solution and chemical extractants to estimate metal availability to plants

McGrath, S. P., Sanders, J. R. and Adams, T. M. 1985. Comparison of soil solution and chemical extractants to estimate metal availability to plants. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 36 (7), pp. 532-533.

A simplified method for the extraction of the metals Fe, Zn, Cu, Ni, Cd, Pb, Cr, Co and Mn from soils and sewage sludges

McGrath, S. P. and Cunliffe, C. H. 1985. A simplified method for the extraction of the metals Fe, Zn, Cu, Ni, Cd, Pb, Cr, Co and Mn from soils and sewage sludges. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 36 (9), pp. 794-798.

The effects of increasing yields on the Macro- and Microelement concentrations and offtakes in the grain of winter wheat.

McGrath, S. P. 1985. The effects of increasing yields on the Macro- and Microelement concentrations and offtakes in the grain of winter wheat. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 36 (11), pp. 1073-1083.

Metal concentrations in sludges and soil from a long-term field trial

McGrath, S. P. 1984. Metal concentrations in sludges and soil from a long-term field trial. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 103 (AUG), pp. 25-35.

Effects of metal toxicity on the size of the soil microbial biomass

Brookes, P. C. and McGrath, S. P. 1984. Effects of metal toxicity on the size of the soil microbial biomass. Journal of Soil Science. 35 (2), pp. 341-346.

The uptake and translocation of tri-valent and hexa-valent chromium and effects on the growth of oat in flowing nutrient solution and in soil

McGrath, S. P. 1982. The uptake and translocation of tri-valent and hexa-valent chromium and effects on the growth of oat in flowing nutrient solution and in soil. New Phytologist. 92 (3), pp. 381-390.

The effects of concentration and valency of cr around the root in nutrient solutions and in soil cr uptake and toxicity

McGrath, S. P. 1982. The effects of concentration and valency of cr around the root in nutrient solutions and in soil cr uptake and toxicity. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 33 (10), pp. 966-967.

A comparison of the extractabilities of zn, cu, ni and cr from sewage sludges prepared by treating raw sewage with the metal-salts before or after anaerobic-digestion

Bloomfield, C. and McGrath, S. P. 1982. A comparison of the extractabilities of zn, cu, ni and cr from sewage sludges prepared by treating raw sewage with the metal-salts before or after anaerobic-digestion. Environmental Pollution Series B-Chemical and Physical. 3 (3), pp. 193-198.

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