Uptake and transport of zinc in the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens and the non-hyperaccumulator Thlaspi ochroleucum

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Shen, Z. G., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P. 1997. Uptake and transport of zinc in the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens and the non-hyperaccumulator Thlaspi ochroleucum. Plant, Cell & Environment. 20 (7), pp. 898-906.

AuthorsShen, Z. G., Zhao, F-J. and McGrath, S. P.
Abstract

Growth and zinc uptake of the hyperaccumulator species Thlaspi caerulescens J. & C. Presl and the non-hyperaccumulator species Thlaspi ochroleucum Boiss, & Heldr. were compared in solution culture experiments, T. caerulescens was able to tolerate 500 mmol m(-3) (32.5 g m(-3)) Zn in solution without growth reduction, and up to 1000 mmol m(-3) (65 g m(-3)) Zn without showing visible toxic symptoms but with a 25% decrease in dry matter (DM) yield, Up to 28 g kg(-1) of Zn in shoot DM was obtained in healthy plants of T. caerulescens, In contrast, T. ochroleucum suffered severe phytotoxicity at 500 mmol m(-3) Zn, Marked differences were shown in Zn uptake, distribution and re-distribution between the two species, T. caerulescens had much higher concentrations of Zn in the shoots, whereas T. ochroleucum accumulated higher concentrations of Zn in the roots, When an external supply of 500 mmol m(-3) Zn was withheld, 89% of the Zn accumulated previously in the roots of T. caerulescens was transported to the shoots over a 33 d period, whereas in T. ochroleucum only 32% was transported, T. caerulescens was shown to have a greater internal requirement for Zn than other plants, Increasing the supply of Zn from 1 to 10 mmol m(-3) gave a 19% increase in the total DM of this species, Even the shoots from the 1 mmol m(-3) Zn treatment which showed Zn deficiency contained 10 times greater Zn concentrations than the widely reported critical value for Zn deficiency to occur in many other plant species, The results obtained suggest that strongly expressed constitutive sequestration mechanisms exist in the hyperaccumulator T. caerulescens, which detoxify the large amount of Zn present in shoot tissues and decrease its physiological availability in the cytosol, Both T. caerulescens and T. ochroleucum had constitutively high concentrations of malate in shoots, which were little affected by different Zn treatments, Although malate may play a role in Zn chelation because of the high concentrations present, it cannot explain the species specificity of Zn tolerance and hyperaccumulation.

KeywordsPlant Sciences
Year of Publication1997
JournalPlant, Cell & Environment
Journal citation20 (7), pp. 898-906
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1046/j.1365-3040.1997.d01-134.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code219
443
ISSN01407791
PublisherWiley

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