Comparison of soil solution speciation and diffusive gradients in thin-films measurement as an indicator of copper bioavailability to plants

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Zhao, F-J., Rooney, C. P., Zhang, H. and McGrath, S. P. 2006. Comparison of soil solution speciation and diffusive gradients in thin-films measurement as an indicator of copper bioavailability to plants. Environmental Toxicology And Chemistry. 25 (3), pp. 733-742.

AuthorsZhao, F-J., Rooney, C. P., Zhang, H. and McGrath, S. P.
Abstract

The toxicity effect concentrations (10% effective concentration [EC10] and 50% effective concentration [EC50]) of total added Cu derived from barley root elongation and tomato growth assays varied widely among 18 European soils. We investigated whether this variation could be explained by the solubility or speciation of Cu in soil solutions or the diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGT) measurement. Solubility and Cu speciation varied greatly among the soils tested. However, the EC10 and EC50 of soil solution Cu or free Cull activity varied even more widely than those based on the total added Cu, indicating that solubility or soil solution speciation alone could not explain intersoil variation in Cu toxicity. Estimated EC10 and EC50 of free Cull activity correlated closely and negatively with soil pH, indicating a protective effect of HI, which is consistent with the biotic ligand model concept. The DGT measurement was found to narrow the intersoil variation in EC50 considerably and to be a better predictor of plant Cu concentrations than either soil solution Cu or free Cu2+ activity, We conclude that plant bioavailability of Cu in soil depends on Cu speciation, interactions with protective ions (particularly H+), and the resupply from the solid phase, and we conclude that the DGT measurement provides a useful indicator of Cu bioavailability in soil.

KeywordsEnvironmental Sciences; Toxicology
Year of Publication2006
JournalEnvironmental Toxicology And Chemistry
Journal citation25 (3), pp. 733-742
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1897/04-603R.1
PubMed ID16566158
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code512
ISSN07307268
0730-7268
PublisherWiley

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