Insecticidal Activities of Atriplex halimus L., Salvia rosmarinus Spenn. and Cuminum cyminum L. against Dactylopius opuntiae (Cockerell) under Laboratory and Greenhouse Conditions.

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Naboulsi, I., Fakhouri, K. E., Lamzira, R., Ramdani, C., Bitchagno-Mbahbou, G., Boulamtat, R., Bakrim, W. B., Mahdi, I., Aboulmouhajir, A., Yasri, A., Bouhssini, M. E., Ward, J. L. and Sobeh, M. 2022. Insecticidal Activities of Atriplex halimus L., Salvia rosmarinus Spenn. and Cuminum cyminum L. against Dactylopius opuntiae (Cockerell) under Laboratory and Greenhouse Conditions. Insects. 13 (10), p. 930. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects13100930

AuthorsNaboulsi, I., Fakhouri, K. E., Lamzira, R., Ramdani, C., Bitchagno-Mbahbou, G., Boulamtat, R., Bakrim, W. B., Mahdi, I., Aboulmouhajir, A., Yasri, A., Bouhssini, M. E., Ward, J. L. and Sobeh, M.
Abstract

The wild cochineal Dactylopius opuntiae (Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae) is one of the major insect pests of the prickly pear Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) in Morocco, a well-known fruit and vegetable crop of arid and semi-arid regions around the world. The present study investigated the insecticidal potential of six extracts (three aqueous and three hydroalcoholic (MeOH/H2O, 20/80 (v/v)) from Atriplex halimus (leaves), Salvia rosmarinus (leaves) and Cuminum cyminum (seeds) to control nymphs and adult females of D. opuntiae under laboratory and greenhouse conditions. Out of the tested samples, A. halimus aqueous extract showed the highest activity, inducing mortality rates of 67.04% (after 4 days) and 85% (after 8 days) on nymphs and adult females of D. opuntiae, respectively, at a concentration of 5% under laboratory conditions. It also showed the highest mortality rate of nymphs with 100% (4 days after application) and 83.75% of adult females (7 days after the second application) at a concentration of 5% when combined with black soap at 10 g/L under greenhouse conditions. The difference in the toxicity of plant species of the study was correlated with their saponin content. A total of 36 of these triterpene glucosides were suggested after a comprehensive LC-MSn profiling of the most active extract, A. halimus, in addition to phytoecdysones and glycosylated phenolic acids and flavonoids. These findings provided evidence that the aqueous leaf extract of A. halimus could be incorporated in the management of the wild cochineal as an alternative to chemical insecticides

KeywordsAtriplex halimus; Dactylopius opuntiae; Opuntia ficus-indica L.; Saponins; Bioinsecticides
Year of Publication2022
JournalInsects
Journal citation13 (10), p. 930
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/insects13100930
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online13 Oct 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted07 Oct 2022
PublisherMDPI
ISSN2075-4450

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