Evidence that phosphorylation of the alpha-subunit of eIF2 does not essentially inhibit mRNA translation in wheat germ cell-free system.

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Zhigailov, A. V., Alexandrova, A. M., Nizkorodova, A. S., Stanbekova, G. E., Kryldakov, R. V., Karpova, O. V., Polimbetova, N. S., Halford, N. G. and Iskakov, B. K. 2020. Evidence that phosphorylation of the alpha-subunit of eIF2 does not essentially inhibit mRNA translation in wheat germ cell-free system. Frontiers in Plant Science. 11, p. 936. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.00936

AuthorsZhigailov, A. V., Alexandrova, A. M., Nizkorodova, A. S., Stanbekova, G. E., Kryldakov, R. V., Karpova, O. V., Polimbetova, N. S., Halford, N. G. and Iskakov, B. K.
Abstract

A mechanism based on reversible phosphorylation of the α-subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2α) has been confirmed as an important regulatory pathway for inhibition of protein synthesis in mammalian and yeast cells, while plants constitute the significant exception. We studied the induction of TaeIF2α phosphorylation in germinated wheat (Triticum aestivum) embryos subjected to different adverse conditions. Data confirmed that formation of TaeIF2(αP) was not a general response, as no phosphorylation was observed under salt, oxidative or heat stress. Nevertheless, treatment by salicylic acid, UV-light, cold shock and histidinol did induce phosphorylation of TaeIF2α of wheat, as has been established previously for AteIF2α in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Influence of TaeIF2α phosphorylation on translation of reporter mRNA with different 5′-untranslated regions (5′UTRs) was studied in wheat germ cell-free system (WG-CFS), in which TaeIF2α was first phosphorylated either by heterologous recombinant human protein kinase, HsPKR (activated by double-stranded (ds)RNA), or by endogenous protein kinase TaGCN2 (activated by histidinol). Pre-treatment of WG-CFS with HsPKR in the presence of dsRNA or with histidinol resulted in intense phosphorylation of TaeIF2α; however, the translation levels of all tested mRNAs decreased by only 10–15% and remained relatively high. In addition, factor OceIF2 from rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) bound GDP much more strongly than the homologous factor TaeIF2 from wheat germ. Furthermore, factor OceIF2B was able to stimulate guanine nucleotides exchange (GDP→GTP) on OceIF2 but had no effect on the similar exchange on TaeIF2. These results suggest that the mechanism of stress response via eIF2α phosphorylation is not identical in all eukaryotes and further research is required to find and study in detail new plant-specific mechanisms that may inhibit overall protein synthesis in plants under stress.

KeywordsWheat; EIF2; EIF2α kinase; GCN2; PKR; EIF2B; MRNA translation; Wheat germ cell-free system
Year of Publication2020
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Journal citation11, p. 936
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.00936
Web address (URL)https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2020.00936/abstract
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeDesigning Future Wheat (DFW) [ISPG]
Publisher's version
Output statusPublished
Publication process dates
Accepted09 Jun 2020
PublisherFrontiers Media SA
ISSN1664-462X

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