The contribution of wheat to human diet and health

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Shewry, P. R. and Hey, S. 2015. The contribution of wheat to human diet and health. Food and Energy Security. 4 (3), pp. 178-202.

AuthorsShewry, P. R. and Hey, S.

Wheat is the most important staple crop in temperate zones and is in increasing demand in countries undergoing urbanization and industrialization. In addition to being a major source of starch and energy, wheat also provides substantial amounts of a number of components which are essential or beneficial for health, notably protein, vitamins (notably B vitamins), dietary fiber, and phytochemicals. Of these, wheat is a particularly important source of dietary fiber, with bread alone providing 20% of the daily intake in the UK, and well-established relationships between the consumption of cereal dietary fiber and reduced risk of cardio-vascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and forms of cancer (notably colo-rectal cancer). Wheat shows high variability in the contents and compositions of beneficial components, with some (including dietary fiber) showing high heritability. Hence, plant breeders should be able to select for enhanced health benefits in addition to increased crop yield.

KeywordsAgronomy; Food Science & Technology; Diet and health ; Dietary fiber; Grain composition ; Phytochemicals; Wheatwheat
Year of Publication2015
JournalFood and Energy Security
Journal citation4 (3), pp. 178-202
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeDesigning Seeds for Nutrition and Health (DS)
Design Cereal Seeds [Shewry/Mitchell]
Project: 5365
Publisher's version
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online11 Jul 2015
Publication process dates
Accepted10 Jul 2015
Grant IDBBS/E/C/00005206

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