Improving Rice Dietary Fibre Content and Consumption for Human Health

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Lovegrove, A., Kosik, O., Bandonill, E., Abilgos-Ramos, R., Romero, M., Sreenivasulu, N. and Shewry, P. R. 2019. Improving Rice Dietary Fibre Content and Consumption for Human Health. Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology. 65, pp. S48-S50.

AuthorsLovegrove, A., Kosik, O., Bandonill, E., Abilgos-Ramos, R., Romero, M., Sreenivasulu, N. and Shewry, P. R.
Abstract

Soft textured rice is the major source of calories in the diet of most South East (SE) Asian countries. However, it is most often consumed after polishing which removes the bran and embryo and hence most of the vitamins, minerals and dietary fibre (DF) are lost. Consequently, white rice comprises over 90% starch with only trace amounts of DF and is rapidly digested in the human gastrointestinal tract, resulting in a high glycaemic index (GI). The excessive consumption of high GI foods is associated with increased risks of a range of chronic diseases including type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and some types of cancer. Furthermore, the incidence of these conditions is dramatically increasing in areas where white rice is the staple food, notably Asia, with the prevalence of diabetes in SE Asia alone predicted to reach 120 million by 2030. It is therefore necessary to develop rice lines in which high energy content is combined with low GI. This may be achieved by combining acceptable levels of resistant starch (RS) with an increased content of the cell wall derived-dietary fibre components.

KeywordsDietary fibre; Glycaemic index; Type-2 diabetes; Resistant starch; Human health
Year of Publication2019
JournalJournal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Journal citation65, pp. S48-S50
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.3177/jnsv.65.S48
Open accessPublished as green open access
FunderBBSRC Newton funding
Funder project or codeEnhanced Rice quality for Health (EnRicH)
Publisher's version
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online11 Oct 2019
ISSN1881-7742
Publisher Center for Academic Publications Japan

Permalink - https://repository.rothamsted.ac.uk/item/96y70/improving-rice-dietary-fibre-content-and-consumption-for-human-health

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